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date: 20 November 2018

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on the United Nations Organisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC), a peacekeeping mission formed by the UN Security Council following the 1994 genocide in Rwanda. After providing an overview of the crisis in the Congo, the article outlines MONUC’s mandated responsibilities as well as the most important issues and events that shaped local and international perceptions of its effectiveness and impact. It also discusses three phases of MONUC’s operations: 1999–2002, highlighted by MONUC’s focus on the implementation of the 1999 Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement; 2003–06, in which the mission focused on the implementation of the transitional governance arrangements; 2007–10, in which MONUC assisted in the Congo’s post-electoral stabilization.

Keywords: United Nations Organisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, MONUC, peacekeeping mission, UN Security Council, genocide, Rwanda, Congo, Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement, transitional governance, United Nations

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