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date: 19 February 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses different types of punishment in the context of criminal law. It begins by considering the four most common theories of punishment: retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, and incapacitation. Attention then turns to physical punishments, with an emphasis on the death penalty, and removal of an offender from a territory through banishment. It also examines imprisonment as a form of punishment, along with probation and community supervision, the establishment of drug courts aimed at rehabilitating instead of incarcerating (nonviolent) drug offenders, and financial sanctions or fines. The chapter concludes by explaining integrative and disintegrative sanctions, preventive sanctions, and collateral sanctions.

Keywords: punishment, criminal law, retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, incapacitation, death penalty, imprisonment, probation, sanctions

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