- New Paths into the Anthropocene: Applying Historical Ecologies to the Human Future
- Thinking Like An Archaeologist and Thinking Like an Engineer: A Utilitarian-Perspective Archaeology
- Expedience, Impermanence, and Unplanned Obsolescence: The Coming-About of Agricultural Features and Landscapes
- Just How Long Does ‘Long-Term’ Have to Be? Matters of Temporal Scale as Impediments to Interdisciplinary Understanding in Historical Ecology
- Archaeology, Historical Sciences, and Environmental Conservation
- Landscaping, Landscape Legacies, and Landesque Capital in Pre-Columbian Amazonia
- Integrating Geoarchaeology with Archaeology for Interdisciplinary Understanding of Societal–Environmental Relations
- Digging for Indigenous Knowledge: ‘Reverse Engineering’ and Stratigraphic Sequencing as a Potential Archaeological Contribution to Sustainability Assessments
- Linking the Past and Present of the Ancient Maya: Lowland Land Use, Population Distribution, and Density in the Late Classic Period
- Paleozoology Is Valuable to Conservation Biology
- Historic Molecules Connect the Past to Modern Conservation
- Community and Conservation: Documenting Millennial Scale Sustainable Resource Use at Lake Mývatn, Iceland
- Soils, Plants, and Texts: An Archaeologist’s Tool-Box
- Grappling with Interpreting and Testing People–Landscape Dynamics
- From Narratives to Algorithms: Extending Archaeological Explanation beyond Archaeology
- Growing the Ancient Maya Social-Ecological System from the Bottom Up
- Wells, Land, and History: Archaeology and Rural Development in Southern Africa
- Participatory Checking and the Temporality of Landscapes: Increasing Trust and Relevance in Qualitative Research
- Freelisting as a Tool for Assessing Cognitive Realities of Landscape Transformation: A Case Study from Amazonia
- A 1980 Attempt at Reviving Ancient Irrigation Practices in the Pacific: Rationale, Failure, and Success
- The Invisible Landscape: The Etruscan <i>Cuniculi</i> of Tuscania as a Determinant of Present-Day Landscape and a Valuable Tool for Sustainable Water Management
- The Rehabilitation of Pre-Hispanic Agricultural Infrastructure to Support Rural Development in the Peruvian Andes: The Work of the Cusichaca Trust
- Applied Archaeology in the Americas: Evaluating Archaeological Solutions to the Impacts of Global Environmental Change
- Indigenous Technologies, Archaeology, and Rural Development in the Andes: Three Decades of Trials in Bolivia, Ecuador, and Peru
- Quality of Life and Prosperity in Ancient Households and Communities
- Applied Perspectives on Pre-Columbian Maya Water Management Systems: What are the Insights for Water Security?
- Beyond Rhetoric: Towards a Framework for an Applied Historical Ecology of Urban Planning
- Culture, Power, History: Implications for Understanding Global Environmental Change
- Energy Gain and the Evolution of Organization
- Conclusion: Anthropocentric Historical Ecology, Applied Archaeology, and the Future of a Usable Past
Abstract and Keywords
In recent decades, sustainability research and historical ecology research have made the incorporation of local and traditional ecological knowledge (LTK) a priority for the purpose of understanding recent environmental change and achieving long-term perspectives on local resource interactions. This chapter brings together the evidence from archaeological, ecological, historical, and ethnographic sources to document the 1,100 year management of wild birds around Lake Mývatn in northern Iceland. In doing so, it sheds light on specific long-term resource management strategies applied by the community: precise, limited egg collection, and regulated bird hunting. These methods seem to have been effective in sustaining large, local bird populations and ensuring continual access to an important economic and dietary resource.
Keywords: local and traditional ecological knowledge, commons management, Iceland, waterfowl, egg harvest, human ecodynamics, Integrated History and Future of People on Earth (IHOPE), North Atlantic Biocultural Organisation (NABO)
Megan Hicks is an anthropological archaeologist. Her present research and fieldwork focuses on animal based subsistence and market economies in Iceland as well as the knowledge and politics that emerge around them. She is a Ph.D. candidate in Archaeology at the CUNY Graduate Center. She earned her MA in Anthropology from Hunter College (2009) and a BA in Anthropology from New York University (2005). She presently serves as the NABO NORSEC Laboratory supervisor in the Hunter College Anthropology Department where she has also instructed undergraduate courses. Recent publications include: Hicks, M. (2014). Losing sleep counting sheep: early modern dynamics of hazardous husbandry in Mývatn, Iceland. In R. Harrison and R. A. Maher (eds), Human Ecodynamics in the North Atlantic: A Collaborative Model of Human and Nature through Space and Time. Lanham, MD: Lexington Publishers.
Árni Einarsson (Ph.D. in Animal Ecology from University of Aberdeen) is a biologist, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences at the University of Iceland, and Director of Myvatn Research Station, conducting research on the ecology and palaeoecology of Lake Myvatn, Iceland. Recent publications include: Ives, A.R., Einarsson, Á., Jansen, V. A. A., and Gardarsson, A. (2008). High-amplitude fluctuations and alternative dynamical states of midges in Lake Myvatn. Nature 452: 84-87. McGovern, T. H., Perdikaris, S., Einarsson, Á., and Sidell, J. (2006). Coastal connections, local fishing, and sustainable egg harvesting: patterns of Viking Age inland wild resource use in Mývatn district, Northern Iceland. Environmental Archaeology 11: 187-205.
Kesara Anamthawat-Jónsson is Professor of Plant Genetics at the Institute of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Iceland. Her fields of expertise include fluorescence and electron microscopy, cytology and cytogenetics, molecular genetics, and phylo- and biogeography of plant species. She is currently president of the board of the Nordic Microscopy Society, known as SCANDEM (Scandinavian Society for Electron Microscopy). She has published around 150 peer-reviewed research papers and reviews in scientific journals and books and has graduated a number of research students from Icelandic, European, and Asian universities.
Ágústa Edwald Maxwell is a Marie Curie Fellow at the Department of Archaeology, University of Iceland. She holds a MA in Historical Archaeology from the University of Bristol and was awarded a Ph.D. in Archaeology from the University of Aberdeen in 2012. Her main research interests are historical and contemporary archaeology, migration, material culture, identity, and modernity. Recent publications include: Maxwell, Á. E., and J. Oliver (2017). On decentring ethnicity in buildings research: The settler homestead as assemblage. Journal of Social Archaeology 17(1): 27-48.
Ægir Thór Thórsson is a research scientist at the Institute of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Iceland. His field of expertise includes molecular genetics, plant physiology and phylogeography, and electron microscopy. He is currently focusing on the exploitation of both macro- and microalgae in several research and development projects in Iceland.
Thomas H. McGovern (Ph.D., Columbia University. 1979) is Professor in Anthropology at City University of New York, serving both at Hunter College’s Zooarchaeology Laboratory and the CUNY Doctoral Center Human Ecodynamics Research Center. He has done archaeological fieldwork in UK, France, US, Norway, and Caribbean, but his major research focus has been on the islands of the North Atlantic (Greenland, Iceland, Faroes, Shetland). Since 1992 he has served as coordinator for NABO (North Atlantic Biocultural Organization; www.nabohome.org) and is active in promoting archaeological contributions to global environmental change research through GHEA (the Global Human Ecodynamics Alliance; www.gheahome.org) and IHOPE (Integrated History and Future of People on Earth; ihopenet.org).
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