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date: 19 November 2017

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter provides a reading of the economic history of Syria before the 2011 uprising with a specific focus on the investment practices that had intensified inequality and the objective undercurrents for the war in Syria. In tackling this issue, the chapter adopts a political-economic approach, which relies on unraveling the history of class formation and the way that resources within the country were managed after Syria’s independence. It concludes that the particular social class responsible for investment, the principal facet of resource allocation in a developing country, was plagued with short-sighted avarice that progressively deprived and immiserated the Syrian working population.

Keywords: agency, economic reform, investment, liberalization, neoliberalism, resource allocation, social class, Syria, Syrian uprising

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