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date: 19 November 2017

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter presents a historical analysis of Israel’s policy and practice in the aftermath of the 1967 War in which Israel occupied Jordan’s West Bank, Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula, Syria’s Golan Heights, and the Gaza Strip. It argues that Israel deliberately squandered every opportunity for a peaceful accommodation with its Arab adversaries. It demonstrates that Israel’s main foreign policy priority was to deceive the US into believing that Israel was seeking a peaceful settlement with either Jordan’s King Hussein or the West Bank Palestinian leadership. The aim was to deflect American and international pressure to withdraw from the occupied territories while creating facts on the ground such as illegal settlements. Drawing on official records from Israeli and American archives as well as large variety of secondary sources, this chapter fills a lacuna in the existing literature and dispels several myths, particularly the Israeli claim that “there was no Arab partner for peace.”

Keywords: Jordan, Israel, 1967 War, Palestinian refugees, Palestinian resistance movement, Levi Eshkol, Moshe Dayan, Abba Eban, King Hussein, Lyndon B. Johnson

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