- Fascism in the Middle East and North Africa
- The Yemeni Uprising: A Product of Twenty Years of Grassroots Mobilization
- The “New Turkey” At Home and Abroad
- Fiscal Crisis and Structural Change in the Late Ottoman Economy
- The Arab Uprisings of 2011 in Historical Perspective
- Political Movements in Bahrain Across the Long Twentieth Century (1900–2015)
- After Gaddafi: Libya’s Path to Collapse
- Syria’s Economic History: Bumpy Road from Economic Nationalism to Neoliberalism
- Toward New Approaches to the Anthropology of Islamic Movements: Women’s Islamic Activism and the Question of Subjectivity
- Capital, Labor, and State: Rethinking the Political Economy of Oil in the Gulf
- Kemalism and Beyond
- Counterterrorism and Counterinsurgency in the Neoliberal Age
- Arab Youth: Disruptive Generation of the Twenty-first Century?
- The Emergence of Nationalism
- Sextarianism: Notes on Studying the Lebanese State
- The Levant Mandates
- Dodging the Peril of Peace: Israel and the Arabs in the Aftermath of the June 1967 War
- The First World War and its Legacy in the Middle East
- Before the Spring: Shifting Patterns of Protest in Rural Egypt
- Cascading Liberation and Renewal—Tunisia in History
- Reliving Tragedies as Historical Reawakenings: Modern Iran and Its Revolutions
- A War over the People: The Algerian War of Independence, 1954–1962
- Constitutional Revolutions and State Formations in Comparison: Iran and Turkey
- Contemporary Israel/Palestine
- The Crisis of Sovereignty, Ruptured Domination, and the Kurdish Quest for Democratic Self-Government in Syria
- The Matter of Sectarianism
- Environmental History of the Middle East and North Africa
- The Fragmentation of Gender in Post-Invasion Iraq
- W(h)ither Arabian Peninsula Studies?
Abstract and Keywords
The First World War proved a crucial turning point in the modern history of the Middle East and North Africa. Under conditions of total warfare, conscripts and civilians suffered greater losses and depredations than in any other conflict in the region before or since. The Great War also led to the breakup of the Ottoman Empire after four centuries of rule over the Arab lands, to be replaced by a modern state system actively negotiated between the Entente Powers in the course of the war. While the borders of Middle Eastern states have proven remarkably enduring over the past century, so too have the problems engendered by the wartime partition diplomacy.
St Antony's College
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