- The Oxford Handbook of French Politics
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Abbreviations
- Notes on Contributors
- A Framework for a Comparative Politics of France
- Republicanism: a transatlantic misunderstanding
- The State Imperative
- The French Welfare System
- Identity, Culture, and Politics: the other and the self in France
- The French Way to Multi-Level Governance: governance with government
- The Europeanization of Public Policy in France: actor-centered approaches
- Globalization: French ambivalence as a critical case
- Executive Politics in France: from leader to laggard?
- Legislative Politics: going international, while staying native
- Constitutional Politics: the French case and theory-building
- Challenges to French Public Administration: mapping the vitality of its knowledge sources
- Regional and Local Government: interpreting territorial politics
- Political Representation: bringing elections back in
- How to Study Political Culture Without Naming It
- Explaining French Elections: the need to meet in the middle
- Parties and Party Systems: making the French sociocultural approach matter
- Political Communication: from international institutionalization to national conquest of scientific legitimacy
- Interest Groups: moving beyond state-centric models
- The Study of Social Movements in France: the “French touch” and a comparative contribution
- Women’s Movements and Feminism: French political sociology meets a comparative feminist approach
- National Identity in France: a blind spot
- French Economic Policy: theory development and the three “I”s
- Environmental and Energy Policy in France: a critical case for comparative political research?
- Gender Policy Studies: distinct, but making the comparative connection
- France and the Evolution of European Integration: the exemplary and pivotal case for broader theories
- Varieties of Capitalism: a distinctly French model?
- Defense and Security Policy: beyond French exceptionalism
- French Aid Through the Comparative Looking Glass: a representative, deviant, or agenda-setting case?
- Toward a Comparative Politics of France
Abstract and Keywords
Ambiguous, yet proliferous, the concept of identity has taken an important place in the analysis of individuals, groups, and nations. The chapter introduces the literature on identify formation and identity politics, and clarifies why French political and sociological tradition has long rejected group identity as a notion that conflicts with the universalist understanding of the state. However, it also shows how recent studies have been influenced by the rich development of the literature on identity politics abroad and how France is now moving beyond the representative case of a universalist state. It discusses how the debate on identity has been shaped, with “national identity” on one hand, and the identity of the Other on the other hand, and how the question of identity has been crystallized on Islam. It demonstrates that French scholarship on identity is increasingly integrated into a larger scholarly community on transnational politics and practices.
Riva Kastoryano is a research director at the CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) and Professor at Sciences Po, Paris. Her work focuses on identity and minority issues and more specifically on their relations to states in France, Germany, and the US. She was a lecturer at Harvard University from 1984 to 1987 and has been teaching at the Institute for Political Studies in Paris (Sciences Po) since 1988 and at the New School for Social Research since 2005. Her most recent book is Negotiating Identities: States and Immigrants in France and Germany(Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2002). She also edited Quelle identité pour l’Europe? Le multiculturalisme à l’épreuve(Paris: Presses de Sciences Po, 1998 and 2005 for the second edition); Nationalismes en mutation en Méditerranée Orientale with A. Dieckhoff (Paris: Ed. Du CNRS, 2002); and Les codes de la différence. Religion, Origine, Race en France, Allemagne et États-Unis (Paris: Presses de Sciences Po, 2005). Her most recent book is Que faire des corps de Djihadistes. Territoire et Identité (Paris: Fayard, 2015).
Angéline Escafré-Dublet is Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Lyon 2. She holds a PhD in modern history from Sciences Po, Paris. Her research interests pertain to immigration issues and the way they relate to matters of politics and culture. She is the author of Culture et Immigration. De la question sociale à l’enjeu politique (1958–2007) (Rennes: Press universitaires de Rennes, 2014) and Immigration et politiques culturelles (Paris: Documentation française/French Museum of Immigration History, 2014). She has published articles in Diversities, the Journal of Modern European History, Espaces et sociétés, Genèses, Histoire@Politique, and Raison politique.
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