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date: 19 January 2019

Abstract and Keywords

During the twentieth century, much of linguistic research shifted in focus from diachronic to synchronic description. The challenge of expanding the database of languages well beyond Indo-European brought about the need to describe languages on their own terms instead of importing alien preconceptions and expectations. Alongside the growth in language resources, there was also a need among practitioners to establish a coherent and reliable set of analytical concepts and methods for synchronic research. This chapter surveys these developments and highlights the enduring relevance of the work.

Keywords: Structuralism, morphology, linguistics, descriptivism, morpheme, distribution, synchrony

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