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date: 25 April 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter argues that Kierkegaard was an epistemological pluralist in that he believed the nature of knowledge was relative to the nature of its object. It argues further that the foundation of religious knowledge, according to Kierkegaard, was a kind of mystical contact of the knower with the object of knowledge through faith in that object, and that this contact actually provided a firmer foundation for religious knowledge than was possible with respect to empirical knowledge. Finally, it makes clear that Kierkegaard’s views on religious knowledge mirror almost exactly the views of Irenaeus and Clement of Alexandria on religious knowledge, or gnosis, and asserts that this similarity is the result of Kierkegaard’s efforts to develop an epistemology that was consistent with the doctrines of the early church.

Keywords: faith, foundation, gnosis, epistemological pluralism, mysticism, early church, Irenaeus, Clement of Alexandria

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