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date: 21 January 2019

Abstract and Keywords

A great doctrinal development has transpired with respect to the church’s seven sacraments, first concerning what they are in themselves, and second by clarifying the entire theology of salvation. Concerning the sacraments in themselves, the doctrinal development focused during the Middle Ages on understanding how these acts of worship are simultaneously signs and causes of grace. Through and in these special rites, the gift of salvation proclaims itself and gives itself. Owing to the Protestant crisis, reflection turned to the complexity of sacramental grace. This latter must be viewed both in its theocentric and anthropocentric aspects, while respecting the profound unicity of grace. In modern times, the doctrinal development has mostly involved the sacramental “structure” of salvation. We now attempt to demonstrate the unity of soteriology through the sacramentality of Christ, the church, the ministers of Christ and the church, and the seven conjoined acts of Christ and the church.

Keywords: sacrament, sacramentality, Christ, church, soteriology, sanctifying grace, sacramental grace

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