Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 21 January 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The Council of Trent (1545–63) dedicated most of its dogmatic decrees to the sacraments and spoke on all seven. The council did so throughout in order to defend the existing ecclesial praxis and the theology underlying it against the challenges posed by the Reformers, but not with a consistently Counter-Reformation intent. This is also true for the Catechismus Romanus (1566), which was commissioned by the council. Although the council did not pass judgment on inner-Catholic differences of opinion, instead leaving these to theological discussion, on the whole, a rather Thomistic perspective prevailed. Post-Tridentine Catholic polemical theology, which focused more on rejection of the Reformation positions and differences between the respective sacramental theologies and sacramental practices, led, just like the Reformation efforts in the opposite direction, to a hardening of positions. This disappeared only in recent times in the wake of ecumenical dialogue—to which historical research on Trent has contributed.

Keywords: baptism, confirmation, Eucharist, Transubstantiation, the sacrifice of the Mass, Communion from the chalice, penance, extreme unction, holy orders, marriage

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.