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date: 21 January 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Twentieth-century Orthodox sacramentology displays great methodological diversity. The approach of the Russians Pavel Florensky and Sergius Bulgakov was philosophical and idealist. The Greek academician Panagiotis Trembelas was scholastic. The American liturgist Alexander Schmemann turned toward the existential. Dumitru Staniloae, the Romanian Orthodox professor, advanced the Christological and patristic grounding of sacramentology. Constantin Andronikof, a French civil servant, synthesized several of these approaches and added an apologetic bent. Some display an appreciation for mystagogy; others do not. Despite this diversity, a general doctrinal cohesion is evident, even though Orthodoxy does not rely on a “magisterium” in the Catholic sense. But questions that have dogged Western sacramentology remain undefined, at least as regards their binding character. These include the enumeration of the sacraments, the approach to their “institution,” the question of baptism’s “repetition,” the status of sacraments outside the Orthodox Church, and appropriate terminology to describe the change of the eucharistic elements.

Keywords: Florensky, Bulgakov, Trembelas, Schmemann, Staniloae, Andronikof, septinarium, mystery, Theandrism, scholasticism, mystagogy

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