Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 20 October 2018

Abstract and Keywords

Settlers to America brought a spectrum of sacramental views, ranging from the Catholic doctrine of the earliest missionaries to the anti-sacramental convictions of Quakers and others. Sacraments became, as a result, objects of intense debate as well as devotion, and the debate had both religious and cultural meanings. In the nineteenth century, the proliferation of denominations intensified the debates, which emerged with surprising frequency in a nation with so many denominations informed by a revivalist ethos. The Eastern Orthodox, Catholics, Anglicans, and Lutherans maintained a sacramental sensibility, even though controversies about sacraments divided the Episcopal and Lutheran traditions. Yet the frequency of debates about baptism and the Lord’s Supper even among groups that rejected or minimized a sacramental vision of Christianity reflected the importance of these rites in American Christian self-understanding.

Keywords: sacraments, ordinances, baptism, Eucharist, Lord’s Supper, the seven sacraments, diversity, sacramental spectrum

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.