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date: 21 January 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Sacramental theology in the Roman Catholic Church underwent a process of change in the twentieth century that seems comparable to a ratcheting effect, that is, an irreversible replacement of frameworks. This chapter examines the theological underpinnings of both reform and continuity from the time of Pope Leo XIII through the Second Vatican Council until the pontificate of Benedict XVI. Magisterial statements are considered in tandem with developments in ritual history, liturgical studies, and fundamental theology. Finally, four areas of ongoing debate are surveyed: real presence, liturgy and social justice, gender, and inculturation. In conclusion, the ratchet of liturgical progress is seen to turn around the sacramental encounter with the person of Jesus Christ.

Keywords: active participation, encounter, Eucharist, gift, inculturation, justice, presence, sacramentality, sacrifice, tradition

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