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date: 21 January 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter surveys Eastern Orthodox sacramental theology from the sixteenth to nineteenth centuries, based predominantly on an analysis of the Western-style doctrinal “Confessions” of churchmen and decrees of local councils which have come to obtain ecumenical authority as Symbolical Books, as well as pertinent liturgical, catechetical and canonical sources. The influence of Reformation polemics upon the historical development and articulation of Orthodox distinctiveness is considered throughout; the chapter concludes with a reflection on the nature of continuity and change within the tradition of the Eastern Church. The texts examined include the first Reply of Jeremias II to the Augsburg Confession (1576); the Confession of Faith of Metrophanes Critopoulos (1625); the Eastern Confession of Faith of Cyril Lucaris (1629); the Orthodox Confession of Peter Moghila (1638/42); and the Confession of Dositheus and the Synod of Jerusalem (1672); in addition to the works of Eugenios and Nicolas Bulgaris, and Nicodemus the Hagiorite.

Keywords: Orthodox, Byzantine, Eastern, church, liturgy, confession, sacrament, septinarium, baptism, Eucharist

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