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date: 21 January 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The beginning of the fifth century sees a change in focus in sacramental theology from baptism to the Eucharist. The doctrine of the eucharistic sacrifice receives closer attention. With Dionysius the Areopagite, emphasis is laid on the cosmic dimensions of the Eucharist, an idea developed by Maximus the Confessor. With Maximus there begins a tradition of commentary on the Eucharist liturgy, which soon finds an almost canonical form in the commentary made by Germanus, Patriarch of Constantinople. The clarification about the nature of images provoked by the iconoclast controversy had implications for the doctrine of the Real Presence in the Eucharist, which received uncompromising affirmation.

Keywords: Eucharist, sacrifice, cosmos, symbolism, image, iconoclasm

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