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date: 20 October 2018

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter begins by looking at the anomalous nature of ethnonyms, partly because of lack of consensus amongst onomasticians as to whether ethnonyms can be considered to be proper names, and partly because of lack of consensus on the types of entities described by ethnonyms. The relationship between ethnonyms and a number of factors often linked to ethnicity are discussed: race, nationality, geographical area, language, and religion. The chapter then goes on to look at the concept of a ‘clan’ and argues that Scottish and Zulu clan names, usually assumed to be family names or surnames, are in fact ethnonyms. Variations of ethnonyms are then investigated, including morphological variations, and exonymic and endonymic forms. Ethnic nicknames are then discussed, including ethnic insults. The chapter concludes by looking at ‘non-ethnonyms’—ethnonyms which define in terms of ‘the other’.

Keywords: ethnonyms, ethnic identity, race, clan, ethnonymic variation, ethnonymic nicknames, ethnonymic insults

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