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date: 20 January 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The scientific origins of synaesthesia began in the early 19th century. This chapter discusses research between 1812 (the first known convincing account of synaesthesia) and 1920 (a comprehensive study by Raymond H. Wheeler). During this period many articles and books were published, most of which are unknown today by the average synaesthesia scientist. What results do these studies offer? What were their early hypotheses about the origins, congenitally, variants, prevalence, associations and consistency of synaesthesia? What were their important statistical findings? What questionnaires and bibliographies did they generate?

Keywords: synaesthesia, 19th century, Bleuler, Calkins, Cornaz, Flournoy, Galton, Nussbaumer, Sachs, Wheeler

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