- List of Contributors
- The Self and the Good Life
- Nationalism and Patriotism
- The Making of the Modern Metropolis
- The Other
- Freedom and Human Emancipation
- Work and Labour
- Suffering In Theology and Modern European Thought
- Nihilism and Theology: Who Stands at the Door?
- War and Peace
- Radical Philosophy and Political Theology
- Beauty and Sublimity
- Time and History
- The Metaphysics of Modernity
- The Bible
- Divine Providence
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter begins by discussing the ethics of war, as exemplified by the development of the nation state system of Europe, and then considers Kant's thoughts about war in . Here Kant offers an account of the emerging order he thought might create a more lasting peace. Though often identified as a pacifist, he believed that war could not be abolished, although he sought to make war less likely, and, by doing so, made articulate the presuppositions which continue to shape modern assumptions about war and peace. The discussion then turns to William Cavanaugh's , arguing that the myth is far from innocent. Cavanaugh characterizes the myth as part of the folklore of Western societies that has no basis in reality other than the reality it creates through constant repetition. The repetitive character of the story is necessary to the extent that the story legitimates the power of the nation-state in the West to wage war. The story is used to foster the idea, particularly prevalent in the United States, that secular social orders are inherently peaceful.
Stanley Hauerwas is the Gilbert T. Rowe Professor of Theological Ethics at Duke Divinity School, He was named ‘America’s Best Theologian’ by Time magazine in 2001, holds a joint appointment in Duke Law School, and delivered the prestigious Gifford Lectureship at the University of St Andrews in 2001. His book, A Community of Character: Toward a Constructive Christian Social Ethic, was selected as one of the 100 most important books on religion of the twentieth century. More recently he has authored Matthew: Brazos Theological Commentary on the Bible (2006) and The State of the University: Academic Knowledges and the Knowledge of God (2007).
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