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date: 24 April 2019

(p. xiv) List of Abbreviations

(p. xiv) List of Abbreviations

A&HCI

Arts and Humanities Citation Index

AfriNIC

African Network Information Centre

AoIR

Association of Internet Researchers

APC

Association for Progressive Communications

API

Application programming interface

APNIC

Asia Pacific Network Information Centre

ARIN

American Registry for Internet Numbers

ARPANET

Advanced Research Projects Agency Network

AS

Autonomous system

ASN

Autonomous System Numbers

BBS

Bulletin board systems

BGP

Border gateway protocol

BRIC

Brazil, Russia, India, and China

ccTLD

Country code top-level domains

CENS

Centre for Embedded Network Sensing

CERN

European Organization for Nuclear Research

CERT

Computer Emergency Response Team

CIR

Critical Internet Resources

CMC

Computer-mediated communication

CNNIC

China Internet Network Information Centre

CPS

Current population survey

CS

Computer Science

CSCW

Computer-supported cooperative work

DARPA

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

DBMS

Database management system

DDoS

Distributed denial of service attacks

DE-CIX

Deutscher Commercial Internet Exchange

DMCA

Digital Millenium Copyright Act

DNS

Domain name system

DPI

Deep packet inspection

DRM

Digital rights management

ECHR

European Convention on Human Rights

e-GIFS

Electronic government interoperability frameworks

EMISARI

Emergency Management Information Systems and Reference Index (p. xv)

EoG

Ecology of games

FACT

Federation against Copyright Theft

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization

FCC

Federal Communications Commission

FIPs

Fair information principles

fMRI

Functional magnetic resonance imaging

FTP

File Transfer Protocol

GAID

Global Alliance for ICTs and Development

GAIN

Genetic Association Information Network

GigaNet

Global Internet Governance Academic Network

GPT

General purpose technology

GUI

Geographical user interface

GWAS

Genome-Wide Association Studies

HTML

Hypertext Markup Language

HTTP

Hypertext Transfer Protocol

IANA

Internet Assigned Numbers Authority

ICA

International Communication Association

ICANN

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

ICT

Information and communications technology

ICT4D

Information and communication technologies for development

IDEA

Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance

IETF

Internet Engineering Taskforce

IGF

Internet Governanace Forum

IMPACT

International Multilateral Partnership against Cyberthreats

IN3

Interdisciplinary Internet Institute

IP

Internet protocol

IPR

Intellectual property rights

ISDN

Integrated Services Digital Networks

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

ISP

Internet Service Provider

IT

Information technology

ITU

International Telecommunication Union

IWB

Interactive whiteboard

IWF

Internet Watch Foundation

IXPs

Internet Exchange Points

JISC

Joint Information Systems Committee

JPEG

Joint Photographic Experts Group

LACNIC

Latin America and Caribbean Network Information Centre

LAN

Local area networks

LHC

Large Hadron Collider

LP

Learning platform (p. xvi)

LTS

Large technical systems

LTT

Libyan Telecom and Technology

MDG

Millenium Development Goals

MDS

Multidimensional scaling

MENA

Middle East and North Africa

MMO RPG

Massively multiplayer online role-playing games

MOO

Multi-user object-oriented technology

MPAA

Motion Picture Association of America

MUD

Multi-user dungeon

NCSA

National Center for Supercomputer Applications

NGA

Next generation access

NGO

Non-governmental organization

NIE

Newly industrialized economies

NII

National Information Infrastructure

NSA

National Security Agency

NSF

National Science Foundation

NTIA

National Telecommunication and Information Administration

OECD

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development

OER

Open educational resource

OII

Oxford Internet Institute

PET

Privacy enhancing technologies

PII

Personally identifiable information

PIU

Problematic Internet use

R&D

Research and development

RBOC

Regional Bell Operating Companies

RDF

Resource Description Framework

RIM

Research in Motion

RIPE NCC

Regional Internet Registry Network Coordination Centre

RIR

Regional Internet Registries

SES

Socioeconomic status

SIDE

Social identity model of deindividuation effects

SMTP

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

SND

Swedish National Data Service

SNS

Social networking sites

SPLASH

Structure of Populations, Levels of Abundance, and Status of Humpbacks

SaaS

Software as a Service

SSCI

Social Sciences Citation Index

SSL

Secure Socket Layers

STS

Science and Technology Studies

SwiNG

Swiss National Grid Association

TCP

Transmission Control Protocol

TLD

Top-level domains (p. xvii)

TPB

The Pirate Bay

TRIPS

Trade-Related Intellectual Property and Services Treaty

U&G

Uses and gratification

UCC

User created content

UDRP

Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy

UNESCO

United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization

URI

Uniform Resource Identifier

VoIP

Voice over Internet Protocol

VOSON

Virtual Observatory for the Study of Online Networks

VPNS

Virtual property network servers

W3C

World Wide Web Consortium

WAP

Wireless Application Protocol

WELL

Whole Earth ‘Lectronic Link

WGIG

Working Group on Internet Governance

WIP

World Internet Project

WIPO

World Intellectual Property Organization

WSIS

World Summit on the Information Society

XML

Extensible Markup Language (p. xviii)