- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Abbreviations
- List of Contributors
- Retrospective, Perspective, and Prospective: Introduction to the Oxford Handbook on Business and the Natural Environment
- Competitive Strategy and the Environment: A Field of Inquiry Emerges
- International Business and the Environment
- Environmental Entrepreneurship
- The Value of Managing Stakeholders
- Industry Self-Regulation and Environmental Protection
- Environmental Governance
- Business and Environmental Law
- Cognitive Barriers to Environmental Action: Problems and Solutions
- Intergenerational Beneficence and the Success of Environmental Sustainability Initiatives in Organizational Contexts
- Organizational Culture and Environmental Action
- Institutional Approaches to Organizations and the Natural Environment
- Institutional Pressures and Organizational Characteristics: Implications for Environmental Strategy
- Social Movements, Business, and the Environment
- Greener Supply Chain Management
- Closed-Loop Supply Chains
- Industrial Ecology: Business Management in a Material World
- Information Systems, Business, and the Natural Environment: Can Digital Business Transform Environmental Sustainability?
- From Green Marketing to Marketing for Environmental Sustainability
- Why not Choose Green? Consumer Decision Making for Environmentally Friendly Products
- Using Market Segmentation Approaches to Understand the Green Consumer
- Sustainability and Social Responsibility Reporting and the Emergence of the External Social Audits: The Struggle for Accountability?
- Environmental Management, Measurement, and Accounting: Information for Decision and Control?
- Corporate Environmental Financial Reporting and Financial Markets
- Values-Driven and Profit-Seeking Dimensions of Environmentally Responsible Investing
- Environmental Risks and Financial Markets: A Two-Way Street
- Corporate Decision-Making, Net Present Value, and the Environment
- The Relevance of the Natural Environment for Corporate Social Responsibility Research
- Business, Society, and the Environment
- The New Corporate Environmentalism and the Symbolic Management of Organizational Culture
- Critical Perspectives on Business and the Natural Environment
- Approaching Business and the Environment with Complexity Theory
- Beyond the Brave New World: Business for Sustainability
- Looking Back, Thinking Forward: Distinguishing Between Weak and Strong Sustainability
- Enterprise Sustainability 2.0: Aesthetics of Sustainability
- Tomorrow's C-Suite Agenda
- The Third-Generation Corporation
- Capitalism Critique: Systemic Limits on Business Harmony with Nature
Abstract and Keywords
This article presents some background on shareholder unanimity and governance in general and specific to issues related to environmental impact. It offers a simple example to show how and why the Net Present Value (NPV) rule works. It then takes a look at how things might work—and the vast sea of open questions—in the corporate governance of voting, corporate control, and manager-shareholder agency. The NPV rule is a central foundation of finance and modern corporations. The “simple” solution to public good and externality is regulation that has the effect of adjusting cash flows to reflect properly the social value. Most corporations have in place a voting mechanism that is one-share one-vote with a majority rule. CEO preferences are not observed and must be elicited in an interview or through some self-selection mechanism. A direct way to confront corporations with environmental concerns is with their cash flow implications.
Bryan R. Routledge is Associate Professor of Finance at Tepper School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University.
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