- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Abbreviations
- List of Contributors
- Retrospective, Perspective, and Prospective: Introduction to the Oxford Handbook on Business and the Natural Environment
- Competitive Strategy and the Environment: A Field of Inquiry Emerges
- International Business and the Environment
- Environmental Entrepreneurship
- The Value of Managing Stakeholders
- Industry Self-Regulation and Environmental Protection
- Environmental Governance
- Business and Environmental Law
- Cognitive Barriers to Environmental Action: Problems and Solutions
- Intergenerational Beneficence and the Success of Environmental Sustainability Initiatives in Organizational Contexts
- Organizational Culture and Environmental Action
- Institutional Approaches to Organizations and the Natural Environment
- Institutional Pressures and Organizational Characteristics: Implications for Environmental Strategy
- Social Movements, Business, and the Environment
- Greener Supply Chain Management
- Closed-Loop Supply Chains
- Industrial Ecology: Business Management in a Material World
- Information Systems, Business, and the Natural Environment: Can Digital Business Transform Environmental Sustainability?
- From Green Marketing to Marketing for Environmental Sustainability
- Why not Choose Green? Consumer Decision Making for Environmentally Friendly Products
- Using Market Segmentation Approaches to Understand the Green Consumer
- Sustainability and Social Responsibility Reporting and the Emergence of the External Social Audits: The Struggle for Accountability?
- Environmental Management, Measurement, and Accounting: Information for Decision and Control?
- Corporate Environmental Financial Reporting and Financial Markets
- Values-Driven and Profit-Seeking Dimensions of Environmentally Responsible Investing
- Environmental Risks and Financial Markets: A Two-Way Street
- Corporate Decision-Making, Net Present Value, and the Environment
- The Relevance of the Natural Environment for Corporate Social Responsibility Research
- Business, Society, and the Environment
- The New Corporate Environmentalism and the Symbolic Management of Organizational Culture
- Critical Perspectives on Business and the Natural Environment
- Approaching Business and the Environment with Complexity Theory
- Beyond the Brave New World: Business for Sustainability
- Looking Back, Thinking Forward: Distinguishing Between Weak and Strong Sustainability
- Enterprise Sustainability 2.0: Aesthetics of Sustainability
- Tomorrow's C-Suite Agenda
- The Third-Generation Corporation
- Capitalism Critique: Systemic Limits on Business Harmony with Nature
Abstract and Keywords
This article reviews the historical significance of the environmental movement for corporate environmental practices. It investigates the basic processes and mechanisms that lead from the identification of grievances and collective mobilization to the response and internalization of such challenges in businesses. The success of social movements in affecting environmentally relevant practices of businesses is evaluated. The globalization of the environmental movement itself has often taken the form of participating in international policy-making and targeting multinational companies headquartered in developed countries, and less successfully of planting local movements across the globe. The environmental movements can direct technological and social innovation aligned with movement goals, create consumer demand for these products, and develop legitimacy and positive reputations for organizations that address their concerns. Finally, the implications and emergent directions of research in studies on the environmental movement and businesses are explained.
Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University
Klaus Weber is an Associate Professor of Management and Organizations at the Kellogg School of Management. His research uses cultural and institutional analysis to understand the environmental movement, corporate social initiatives, and globalization. He is especially interested in contested technological and economic innovations.
Erb Institute for Global Sustainable Enterprise, University of Michigan
Sara B. Soderstrom, Post Doctoral Fellow, Erb Institute for Global Sustainable Enterprise, University of Michigan.
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