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Abstract and Keywords

This article addresses the welfare state in a global historical context. In the new societies of industrial capitalism, two powerful and opposite interests converged in generating public social policies. It uses the five-part model to ask what lessons, if any, it has for the likely emergence of welfare states in the developing world. It also recognizes the immense variety within the ‘global South’ and distinguishes the distinctive patterns of risk management within it. It is stated that different groups of countries in the developing world face divergent threats to human well-being and divergent potentials for social policies to mitigate these. Furthermore, the profound challenges to people's well-being outside the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) are mentioned and some innovative policy solutions now emerging are provided. There is a growing consensus on the ‘Green New Deal’ as a way of tackling climate change and the new crisis of capitalism.

Keywords: welfare state, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, social policies, industrial capitalism, Green New Deal, climate change

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