Abstract and Keywords
This chapter introduces key concepts and techniques for natural-language parsing: that is, finding the grammatical structure of sentences. The chapter introduces the fundamental algorithms for parsing with context-free (CF) phrase structure grammars, how these deal with ambiguous grammars, and how CF grammars and associated disambiguation models can be derived from syntactically annotated text. It goes on to consider dependency analysis, and outlines the main approaches to dependency parsing based both on manually written grammars and on learning from text annotated with dependency structures. It finishes with an overview of techniques used for parsing with grammars that use feature structures to encode linguistic information.
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