- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- Abbreviations and Acronyms
- A History Of The Languages Of Law
- Legal Vocabulary
- The Grammar And Structure Of Legal Texts
- Text And Genre
- The Plain Language Movement
- Linguistic Issues in Statutory Interpretation
- Contract Formation as a Speech Act
- Constitutional Interpretation
- Ambiguity And Vagueness In Legal Interpretation
- Legal Interpretation And The Philosophy Of Language
- Bilingual Interpretation Rules As A Component Of Language Rights In Canada
- Word Meaning and the Problem of a Globalized Legal Order
- Challenges To The Legal Translator
- Language And Law In The European Union: The Multilingual Jurisprudence Of The Ecj
- Fifty Years of Multilingual Interpretation in the European Union
- Linguistic Human Rights
- Language Policy in the United States
- Legal Rights of Linguistic Minorities in the European Union
- Investigating the Language Situation in Africa
- The Meaning of Silence in the Right to Remain Silent
- Potential Impact of Juvenile Suspects’ Linguistic Abilities on <i>miranda</i> Understanding and Appreciation
- The Caution in England and Wales
- The Language of Consent in Police Encounters
- The Language of Crime
- Interrogation Through Pragmatic Implication: Sticking to the Letter of the Law While Violating its Intent
- Discourse in the us Courtroom
- Courtroom Discourse in Japan's New Judicial Order
- Courtroom Discourse in China
- The Language of Criminal Trials in an Inquisitorial System: The Case of the Netherlands
- Linguistic Issues in Courtroom Interpretation
- Instructing the Jury
- Using Linguistics in Trademark Cases
- Language And Copyright
- The Psycholinguistic Basis Of Distinctiveness in Trademark Law
- Author Identification In The Forensic Setting
- Corpus Linguistics In Authorship Identification
- Detecting Plagiarism
- Language Analysis For Determination Of Origin: Objective Evidence For Refugee Status Determination
- Factors Affecting Lay Persons’ Identification Of Speakers
- Forensic Speaker Comparison: A Linguistic–Acoustic Perspective
Abstract and Keywords
In Miranda v Arizona, the US Supreme Court established procedural safeguards for custodial interrogations that also serve as a rule of admissibility if the prosecution wants to use a suspect's statements as evidence at trial. The Miranda Court also held that suspects may waive their rights, but in order for a waiver to be considered valid, it must have been made knowingly, intelligently, and voluntarily. The voluntariness requirement, primarily, refers to the absence of police coercion in securing a Miranda waiver. This article focuses on the potential impact of juvenile suspects' linguistic abilities on Miranda understanding and appreciation. It discusses the effect of age on juveniles' Miranda comprehension, education and juvenile justice, youths' linguistic abilities, and administration and language of the Miranda warnings. The article concludes by considering the effect of developmental immaturity or mental illness on a juvenile suspect's ability to comprehend the basic meaning of the rights or the significance of waiving them.
Naomi E. S. Goldstein, PhD is Associate Professor of Psychology at Drexel University and a member of the faculty of the JD-PhD Program in Law and Psychology at Villanova Law School and Drexel University. Dr. Goldstein specializes in forensic psychology, and her research examines juvenile suspects’ capacities to waive Miranda rights and offer confessions during police interrogations. She also developed and is evaluating the efficacy of the Juvenile Justice Anger Management (JJAM) Treatment for Girls.
Sharon Messenheimer is a JD-PhD student in the law-psychology program at Drexel University and Villanova University School of Law. Her research interests include juveniles’ comprehension of Miranda rights, forensic psychological assessment, and the relationship between police interrogation strategies and false confessions.
Christina L. Riggs Romaine, MS is a PhD student in the clinical psychology program at Drexel University in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She is currently completing her clinical internship at the University of Massachusetts Medical School/Worcester State Hospital. Her research interests include Miranda comprehension and forensic assessment of juveniles, mental health treatment of offending and at-risk youth, and the effects of trauma on adolescents.
Heather Zelle, MS is a JD-PhD student in the law-psychology program at Drexel University and Villanova University School of Law. Her research interests focus on the application of social science to the law, including Miranda comprehension, forensic psychological assessment, test development, and mental health treatment of offending and at-risk youth.
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