Abstract and Keywords
This chapter summarizes the conceptual and methodological discussion on the multidimensional measurement of poverty and shows recent applications to Latin American countries. The second section discusses the conceptual foundations of multidimensionality based on Amartya Sen's notion of functionings and capabilities. The third section provides a brief literature review on the existing approaches to measure multidimensional poverty, including the human development and the basic needs approaches. There follows a discussion of recent theoretical contributions on methods based on the axiomatic derivation of poverty indices for disaggregated data and generalizations of income-based methodologies, as well as subjective and participatory approaches. The fourth section includes empirical applications of multidimensional measures in Latin America, and discusses the evolution of poverty in the region from a multidimensional perspective. Before concluding with some views on avenues for further research, the fifth section reviews the policy use of multidimensional measurement in specific anti-poverty programmes.
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