- Notes on the Contributors
- List of Abbreviations
- Brain Reading: Decoding Mental States From Brain Activity In Humans
- The Neurobiology of Pleasure and Happiness
- The Neurobiological Basis of Morality
- Development of the Adolescent Brain: Neuroethical Implications for the Understanding of Executive Function and Social Cognition
- Neural Foundations to Conscious and Volitional Control of Emotional Behavior: A Mentalistic Perspective
- Neural Correlates of Deception
- Understanding Disorders of Consciousness
- Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Covert Awareness, and Brain Injury
- Genetic Determinism, Neuronal Determinism, and Determinism Tout Court
- The Rise of Neuroessentialism
- A Neuroscientific Approach to Addiction: Ethical Concerns
- The Neurobiology of Addiction: Implications for Voluntary Control of Behavior
- Neuroethics of Free Will
- Pharmaceutical Cognitive Enhancement
- Cognitive Enhancement
- Chemical Cognitive Enhancement: Is it Unfair, Unjust, Discriminatory, or Cheating for Healthy Adults to Use Smart Drugs?
- Cognitive Enhancement in Courts
- Neuroethics and the Extended Mind
- Does Cognitive Enhancement Fit with the Physiology of Our Cognition?
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Defining A Spectrum Disorder and Considering Neuroethical Implications
- Why Neuroethicists are Needed
- Intersecting Complexities in Neuroimaging and Neuroethics
- Pediatric Neuroimaging Research
- Ethical Issues in Functional Neurosurgery: Emerging Applications and Controversies
- Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation As A Therapeutic And Investigative Tool: An Ethical Appraisal
- Deep Brain Stimulation For Treatment-Resistant Neuropsychiatric Disorders
- The Ethical Issues of Trials of Neural Grafting in Patients with Neurodegenerative Conditions
- The Ethics Of Nano/Neuro Convergence
- Neurobiological And Neuroethical Perspectives On The Contribution Of Functional Neuroimaging To The Study Of Aging In The Brain
- Clinical Research On Conditions Affecting Cognitive Capacity
- Ethical Concerns And Pitfalls In Neurogenetic Testing
- Neuroethical Issues In Early Detection Of Alzheimer’S Disease
- the neuroethics of cognitive reserve
- Ethical Issues In The Management Of Parkinson’S Disease
- The Other Ethical Challenge of Neurodegenerative Diseases
- Future Scoping: Ethical Issues In Aging And Dementia
- Incidental Findings In Neuroscience Research: A Fundamental Challenge To The Structure Of Bioethics And Health Law
- What Will Be the Limits of Neuroscience-based Mindreading in the Law?
- For The Law, Neuroscience Changes Nothing And Everything
- New Directions In Neuroscience Policy
- Women’s Neuroethics
- Public Representations Of Neurogenetics
- Brain Trust: Neuroscience and national security in the 21st century
- Neuroplasticity, Culture, and Society
- Neuroscience and neuroethics in the 21st century
- Neuroscience and the media: ethical challenges and opportunities
- Ethical issues in Educational Neuroscience: Raising children in a Brave New World
- From The Internationalization To The Globalization Of Neuroethics: Some Perspectives And Challenges
- Global Health Ethics
- Ethical Perspectives: Clinical Drug Trials In Developing Countries
- Learning About Neuroethics Through Health Sciences Online: A Model For Global Dissemination
- Neuroethics And The Lure of Technology
- Subject Index
- Author Index
Abstract and Keywords
It is crucial to improve the understanding of healthy and pathological processes of cognitive aging. This article aims to provide an overview of the contribution of neuroimaging to the understanding of neurocognitive aging, and highlights the neuroethical considerations and legal implications of using neuroimaging to conduct research on aging in the brain. Neuroimaging studies have contributed the most to the understanding of such cognitive variability, by documenting both structural and functional changes related to aging. Neuroimaging has enabled researchers to determine which specific brain regions are more vulnerable to age-related structural changes, and when such changes begin. This article presents the most recent and popular models and theories on these age-related brain activation patterns. Further concerns are raised when these human subjects have clinical conditions such as brain damage or other neurodegenerative conditions that might compromise their cognitive capacities and hence their ability to understand fully the nature of the research and to provide their informed consent.
Karima Kahlaoui is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Université de Montréal. Her research includes studies of the semantic processing of words across the hemispheres, semantic memory, and aging. In order to investigate these topics, she has made use of behavioral methods, event-related potentials (ERPs), and near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). She is also a clinical neuropsychologist with a Ph.D in Psychology from Nice University (France).
Maximiliano Wilson has a Ph.D in Neuropsychology of Language from the University of Buenos Aires, Argentina. He held an experienced Researcher fellowship of the European Marie-Curie Research and Training Network “Language and Brain,” based in Rome, Italy. He is currently a postdoctoral research fellow at the Centre de Recherche de l’Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal.
Ana Inés Ansaldo is a Professor in the Speech-Language Pathology Department at L’ Université de Montréal and also holds a Young Investigator Award position from Fonds de recherche en santé du Québec. She has a Ph.D in Communication Sciences and Disorders with post-doctoral training in neuroimaging. Her research interests are at the crossroads of cognitive neuropsychology, speech-language pathology, and functional neuroimaging, in particular brain plasticity for language processing in healthy and brain damaged populations.
Bernadette Ska obtained a Ph.D in Psychology of the Université Catholique de Louvain (Belgium). She was a fellow in neuropsychology at the Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal. She is currently a Full Professor at the École d’orthophonie et audiologie, Faculté de médecine, Unversité de Montréal and researcher at the centre de recherche of the Institute universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal.
Yves Joanette is a Professor in the Faculty of Medicine at the Université de Montréal, and Laboratory Director at the Centre de recherche of the Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal. He is currently President and CEO of the Fonds de la recherche en santé du Québec.
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