- The Oxford Handbooks of Political Science
- The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics
- About the Contributors
- Multicausality, Context‐Conditionality, and Endogeneity
- Historical Enquiry and Comparative Politics
- The Case Study: What it is and What it Does
- Field Research
- Is the Science of Comparative Politics Possible?
- From Case Studies to Social Science: A Strategy for Political Research
- Collective Action Theory
- War, Trade, and State Formation
- Compliance, Consent, and Legitimacy
- National Identity
- Ethnicity and Ethnic Conflict
- Mass Beliefs and Democratic Institutions
- What Causes Democratization?
- Democracy and Civic Culture
- Dictatorship: Analytical Approaches
- Rethinking Revolutions: a Neo‐Tocquevillian Perspective
- Civil Wars
- Contentious Politics and Social Movements
- Mechanisms of Globalized Protest Movements
- The Emergence of Parties and Party Systems
- Party Systems
- Voters and Parties
- Parties and Voters in Emerging Democracies
- Political Clientelism
- Political Activism: New Challenges, New Opportunities
- Aggregating and Representing Political Preferences
- Electoral Systems
- Separation of Powers
- Comparative Judicial Politics
- Coalition Theory and Government Formation
- Comparative Studies of the Economy and the Vote
- Context‐Conditional Political Budget Cycles
- The Welfare State in Global Perspective
- The Poor Performance of Poor Democracies
- Accountability and the Survival of Governments
- Economic Transformation and Comparative Politics
- Subject Index
- Name Index
Abstract and Keywords
This article studies the welfare state in a global perspective. It argues that the most exciting research opportunities in the study of welfare lie in examining the variation in the politics of social protection in developing economies. It identifies the levels of industrialization and economic openness and views the power resource perspective. Cross-class alliances and state-centered approaches are examined. This article shows that existing literature has given important insights for an understanding of a very consequential political outcome, which are the measures to protect workers and disadvantaged members of society through permanent or temporary economic difficulties.
Keywords: welfare state, global perspective, social protection, levels of industrialization, economic openness, power resource perspective, cross-class alliances, state-centered approaches, economic difficulties
Matthew E. Carnes is a Ph.D. candidate in Political Science at Stanford University.
Isabela Mares is an Associate Professor of Political Science at Columbia University.
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