The Oxford Handbook of Local and Regional Democracy in Europe
Edited by Frank Hendriks, Anders Lidström, and John Loughlin
The Oxford Handbook of Local and Regional Democracy in Europe analyses the state of play of democracy at the subnational level in the twenty-seven member states of the EU plus Norway and Switzerland. It places subnational democracy in the context of the distinctive Anglo, the French, the German, and Scandinavian state traditions in Europe asking to what extent these are still relevant today. The Handbook adapts Lijphart's theory of democracy and applies it to the subnational levels in all the country articles. A key theoretical issue is whether subnational (regional and local) democracy is derived from national democracy or whether it is legitimate in its own right. Besides these theoretical concerns the book focuses on the practice of democracy: the roles of political parties and interest groups and also on how subnational political institutions relate to the ordinary citizen. This can take the form of local referendums or other mechanisms of participation. The text reveals a wide variety of practices across Europe in this regard. Local financial systems also reveal a great variety. Finally, each article examines the challenges facing subnational democracy but also the opportunities available to them to enhance their democratic systems. Among the challenges identified are: Europeanization, globalization, but also citizens' disaffection and switch-off from politics. Some countries have confronted these challenges more successfully than others but all countries face them. An important aspect of this text is the inclusion of all the countries of East and Central Europe plus Cyprus and Malta, who joined the EU in 2004 and 2007. This is the first time they have been examined alongside the countries of Western Europe from the angle of subnational democracy.
- Oxford University Press
- Print Publication Date:
- Nov 2010
- Published online:
- Jan 2011