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date: 24 April 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The congressional committee defines the motivations behind the decisions on congressional organization. They also play a critical role in shaping policy outcomes and in defining Congress's relationship with the executive branch. Although congressional committees have been central to much research and many studies, the development of the congressional committee system has received less attention. This article traces the literature on committee development. It starts with the studies of the origins of the committee system and discusses the expansion of the system in the nineteenth century and the committee consolidation that took place in the middle decades of the twentieth century. The article concludes with the recent developments on congressional committee. In addition to outlining the development of the congressional committee, the article also considers the changing roles played by committees in congressional politics.

Keywords: congressional committee, committees, congressional committee system, committee development, committee consolidation

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