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date: 23 July 2017

(p. 1077) Subject Index

(p. 1077) Subject Index

acceptance419–20, 1000
acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)994–1004
accident victims294
action planning1057–8
action tendencies18
activation712
active-constructive responding967–8
acts of kindness968
acupuncture416
adaptation36, 42, 164, 178, 435, 436, 742–3, 807, 887, 888–9, 902
adaptive problem solving879–80, 881
addiction65
adjustment168
adolescents
acceptance and commitment therapy1003
depression535–6
prefrontal cortex development27
advertising486, 488
affect; see also emotions
appreciations of life167–8
brain activation2
circumplex712, 786
endowment–contrast model49–50
mindfulness practice392–3
priming723
psychological capital757–8
in work696–7
work characteristic judgments723–4
affective disorders, well-being therapy1041–2
affective style74
age; see also old age
friendship and happiness association865–6
perception of1026–8
relationships and happiness827–8
subjective well-being140, 176
air pollution502
air travel504–5
alcohol consumption269, 273–4
alignment-related pathways772–6
ambiguity286, 287
amygdala2
ānanda374, 375
ancient Greeks155–6, 174, 202, 216, 252–4, 332–3, 466–7
anomie473–5
anticonsumerist movement487
antidepressant efficacy, well-being therapy1042–3
antidotes353–4
antisocial activities65
anxiety19, 281
anxiety disorders102–8, 1041–2
anxious attachment835, 836
appraisal722, 723, 756–7
appreciation163, 167–8, 413–14
appreciative inquiry587
approach76, 102, 106–7, 109, 111–12
Aristippus155, 202, 216
Aristotle156, 202, 216, 254, 318–19, 466, 957
arousal75
Arpey, Gerald807–8
art of living166, 168–9
artha376, 379
arts policy525
aspirations
Daoism272
extrinsic and intrinsic220–1
income aspirations and happiness435–6
assimilation effects42–3
assimilation resistance236–7
attachment834–43
basics of attachment theory835
positive emotions836–42
priming interventions842–3
psychological well-being836–7
social support855
style of attachment835
(p. 1078) attention
functional well-being approach237
joint attention21–2
meditation389, 390–1
negative emotion-linked narrowing19
positive emotion-linked broadening18–20, 21–2
attitudes
to life234
meditation389
positive future-oriented945, 948
attraction–selection–attrition framework719–20
Australian Centre on Quality of Life (ACQOL)189
authentic happiness theory897
authenticity283–4, 774–5
autonomy
coaching1018
correlates of relative autonomy219–20
education542–3
eudaimonia203–4
good functioning236
healthcare220
need for217–18
in recovery1056
at work220
avoidance76, 102, 104, 1000
avoidant attachment835, 836
avoidant persistence1002
awareness222
awareness-identity378
awe413
baby boomers564
balance theory of wisdom632–4
basic needs541
behavior
changing with acceptance and commitment therapy998–1002
indicator of happiness192–3
behavioral activation968–9
bereavement24
Best Possible Selves exercise969
Bhutan2, 518
bicultural strategy63–4
binary opposites327, 328
biofeedback597
biopsychosocial paradigm427
biotope163
bipolar spectrum disorders111–12
blood pressure788–9
board of directors804
Bounce Back!573–4
brain activity
affective style2
meditation391, 417
social anxiety106
brain development27
brain plasticity942
breast cancer934, 935
broaden-and-build theory18–25, 230, 385, 840–1
appraisal process723
embodied cognition28
neuroscience of25–7
positive emotions27–8
psychological capital757
psychological well-being790–1
social transmission28
Buddhism344–55, 357–68
antidote use353–4
dependent origination365
dukkha346
ethics354–5
familiarization work353
karma354, 365–6
negative emotions349–51, 352–5
pristine mindfulness meditation363–5
relational Buddhism367–8
samsara344
suffering346–8
sukha81, 344
Buddhist psychology360–3, 385
buffering680, 683
burnout715, 805–6
calling405, 701–2, 773
Cantril ladder55–6
capability169
capitalization support853
cardiovascular health788–90
career orientation701–2
case formulation1018
catastrophic thinking107
causality, locus of66
Celebrating Strengths framework584–6
celebrity547
cell birthdates941–2
challenge–hindrance stressor framework715–16
challenges62, 65–6, 67–8
chances161, 162–3
change enhancement1057
Changes in Outlook Questionnaire928
character strengths
collaborative recovery model1057
depression reduction111
educating about653, 662–3
executive well-being801
organizational settings755
charitable giving95–7, 126
Check & Connect program616–17
Chi-Tze357–8
children
depression535–6
measuring happiness of192–3
well-being therapy1045
Chinese263–77, 466
choice894–5, 897
choice–judgment discrepancy51–4
old age1032
Christianity254–6
chronic illness
acceptance and commitment therapy1003
health coaching1012–13
cigarette smoking439
circumplex model712, 786
climate change502–3
clinical psychology362
coaching1009–22
autonomy1018
case formulation1018
collaborative recovery model1058–61
competence1017–18
definition1009–10
educational settings1013–14
effectiveness1010–14
executives1011, 1013
goal articulation and attainment1010
health coaching1012–13
life coaching1011–12
relatedness1016–17
self-determination theory1014, 1015–16, 1018
supporting self-determined living1018–20
well-being and1014–21
in the workplace1011, 1013
cognition
appreciations of life167
embodied cognition28–9
positive emotion-linked broadening20
psychological capital756–7
cognitive appraisal756–7
cognitive balance392
cognitive behavioral psychology362
cognitive behavioral therapy572, 962
cognitive defusion1000
cognitive dissonance928–9
cognitive flexibility20
cognitive fusion1000
cognitive impairment, happiness measurement192–3
coherence66
collaborative goal technology1057
collaborative recovery model1050–63
collectivist cultures143, 178, 455, 485
committed action1002
common method variance824, 828, 864
community
resource centers based in64
threat from consumer culture486–7
community of enquiry583
community service623–4
comparisons740–1
compassion94, 414
competence217, 1017–18
complete state model of mental health331
computer games600–1
conation390, 758–9
confidence753
conflict resolution125–6
Confucianism263–4, 265–6, 267, 269, 466
connectedness945, 947
constitutional policy433, 443
(p. 1080) consumer culture theory482, 485–7
well-being in consumer societies483–5, 487–8
consumer-defined recovery in mental health1051–2
consumer-targeted intervention1062
contentment293, 419–20
context
acceptance and commitment therapy995–6
flow61
priming old age1028–31
at work699–701
contingent models36–7
contingent valuation method441
continuum opposites327, 328
contradictory opposites327, 328
contraries328
contrast
adaptation as42
probability and45
range-frequency theory35–6
social comparison47
well-being55–6
contrast–empathy model social comparison47–9
control
locus of66, 564
perceived control in old age1031–2
coping66, 125, 807–8
Coping with Stress Course615
core affect232
core self-evaluations721, 723
core strengths773–4
cortical-basal ganglia loops27
counter-exampling322
counterclockwise study1029
creativity
happiness126
positive emotions20
resilience664
success in workplace123
teaching wisdom639
crime526
critical thinking639
Croesus252–4
cultivation theory488
cultural change, flow63–4
cultural differences
flow62–4
identity and consumerism485
income/subjective well-being link141
relationships/happiness link828
societal well-being455
subjective well-being143–4, 178
cultural pursuits525
cultural response bias194
data cleaning191
day reconstruction method139, 176
deactivating strategies835–6
defusion1000
deliberate practice237–8
delusion294
demands, resources and66
dependent origination365
depression109–11
burden of915
children and adolescents535–6
cognitive behavioral therapy962
emotional reactivity110
happiness-focused interventions963
positive psychotherapy987
sub-threshold symptoms962–3
well-being therapy1037, 1042
depressive disorders109–12
deprivation169–70
desecration407
desire292, 350
development
flow61
meaning in life945
prefrontal cortex27
psychological capital759–60
spirituality414–16
dharma376, 378, 379, 380–1
diabetes control124
diagnosis of illness933–4
dialectic1015
dialectical thinking638
dialogical thinking638
dialysis patients307–8
differentiation601
(p. 1081) direct democracy526
disability-adjusted life years (DALYs)915
discrepancy theories186–7
Dispositional Flow Scale62
divorce141, 407, 490, 825
dopaminergic system26, 106, 230
downsizing680
driving lessons600
drug addiction65
duhkha81, 375
dukkha346
Dunn, Patricia798
dynamic equilibrium theory743, 889–90, 902
dysdaimonia331
Easterlin paradox141, 428–9, 435, 889–91
ecological fallacy456
economic analysis of happiness433–4
economic growth176
economy2–3, 509–10
education; see also teachers
autonomy in542–3
basic needs provision541
biofeedback597
Bounce Back!573–4
Celebrating Strengths framework584–6
Check & Connect program616–17
classroom practice579–89
coaching role1013–14
cross-curricular approach555–7
differentiation techniques601
disengagement problems616
educating for happiness645, 650–5
emotional intelligence596–8
evidence-based teaching strategies572
feedback601–2
flourishing648
Geelong Grammar School project584, 657–67
as happiness645, 647–50
happiness as an aim646–7
happiness lessons551–61
health-related652–3
high school positive psychology program620–2
history of well-being programs593–4
humor research598–9
indoctrination fears559–60
KidsMatter573
life-planning547–8
on meaning and purpose654
meaningful activities583, 586
meditation skills598
mindfulness in the classroom582–3, 597–8
Penn Resiliency Program572, 584, 593, 617–20, 660–1, 663
personal and social education553–4
personal development education552–61
Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education593–4
policy development522
positive education536, 568, 580, 657–67
positive emotions581–2, 595–6
praise601–2
relationship management545, 653
religious perspective542
self-esteem movement565–6, 603, 665
self-regulation598
social and emotional learning movement567, 612–13
storytelling582, 584–5
strengths-based approach653, 662–3
Strengths Gym585, 587
student well-being568–74
success link546–7
teaching for wisdom634–40
teaching positiveness1033
UK Resilience Programme522, 594
value issues560
well-being and540–9
well-being therapy1043–5
Wellington College happiness lessons647, 650–4
whole-school approach554–5, 570, 584–6
work aspect of548–9
worthwhile pursuits541–9
Zippy's Friends593
ego depletion25, 127
egocentrism345–6
egocentrism fallacy635
electroencephalogram106, 391
elevation413
embodied cognition28–9
emotional contagion28, 720, 724–5
emotional happiness186
emotional intelligence73–84, 166
education environments596–8
emotionally intelligent happiness79–83
facilitating function76–8
health effect79
social outcomes78
successful living78–9
emotional state theories303, 308–10
emotional well-being and perceived social support848–9
emotions; see also affect; negative emotions; positive emotions
action tendencies18
evolutionary perspective876–7
executive well-being807
facilitation role76
feelings and229
freeing354
functions75–6, 229–31
generalized anxiety disorder108
as messengers75
in mind348–9
motivation role75–6
reactivity in depression110
roller coaster metaphor74
transcendent413–14
weather metaphor81
empathic happiness839
empathy47
employment contracts697–8
enacted work design718, 721–2
endorsement310
endowment–contrast (E–C) model35–56
affective version49–50
choice–judgment discrepancy54
decomposition39–44
extensions46–50
generalization44–5
historical context35–7
methodological influences36–7
real-life applications50–1
well-being55–6
energy conservation505
engagement309–10, 582–3, 621, 964, 967–9, 981–2
building967–9
definition4
at work772–5
Enlightenment256–9
environment
concern for506
relationship development877
resilience promotion610–11
sustainable development498–511, 526–7
at work700, 734–9
Epictetus332–3
Epicurus155, 332, 467
Eriksen flanker task19
ethical-disengagement fallacy635
ethics
Buddhism354–5
as duties679
values and633, 639
eudaimonia201–11
abstractness208
autonomy203–4
causes207–8
conceptions201, 202–6
defining209–10
definition4
factor analysis206
form of well-being207
life of meaning205
motives for activities205–6
opposite of331
outcomes210
personal expressiveness204–5
philosophical conceptions202, 216, 253–4, 263
predictors210–11
psychological well-being4, 204
reflective equilibrium318
religious conceptions202–3
subjectivity208
subtlety208
theoretical conceptions203
(p. 1083)
values208–9
way of acting206–7, 209–10
eudaimonic happiness170–1, 676
eudaimonic well-being81
evaluability model53–4
evaluations232–4
everyday democracy526
evolutionary psychology875–82
executive attention19
executive coaching1011, 1013
executive well-being798–810
burnout805–6
character strengths801
cultural myths809
definition799–800
emotions807
gender differences808–9
professional supports803–4
self-awareness802
self-reliance803
social isolation806
socialized power motivation802–3
stress805
toxic effects of emotions807
traumas and tragedies807–8
exercise525, 527, 933
existential opposites329
existentialism285–6
experience sampling method62, 139
experience utility51
experimental philosophy323–4
expertise237–8
expressive writing969
external locus of control564
external qualities of life162
external regulation219
extraversion142, 828, 889–90, 896
extrinsic aspirations220–1
extrinsic goals489–90, 508
extrinsic motivation218–19
Facebook881
facial expression processing106
factor analysis191–2, 206
faith schools542
fame547
familiarization353
family policy521–2
fear19
feedback601–2, 776
feelings228–32
Flourish Program1062
flourishing3, 81, 384–6
educational environments648
meditation388
mental illness331
positive emotions23
flow60–8, 204, 237, 309
assessment61–2
contextual dimension61
cultural differences62–4
development61
developing countries, flow in63, 64
dimensions60
dynamic aspect61
engagement968–9, 981–2
features60–1
historical perspective65–7
learning environment582, 600–1
misuse of64–5
personality factors67–8
psychological structure61
role of61
technology use68
work-related68, 523
Flow Questionnaire61–2
Flow State Scale62
flying504–5
focus of recovery1053
folk concepts323–4
foolishness634–5
foreign language teaching640
forgiveness94, 414, 807
freedom285, 286
French women, well-being55
friendship860–7, 880–1, 896
fulfillment582–3
full life983
fully functioning203
function well235–8
functional contextualism997–8
functional well-being171–2, 228, 229, 231, 232, 236–7
fundamental attribution errors1032
future
attitude orientated towards945, 948
expectations about44–5
fear of1000–1
gambling65
gamma oscillations391
Geelong Grammar School project584, 657–67
gender differences
executive well-being808–9
friendship and happiness association865
relationships and happiness826–7
subjective well-being140
generalizability theory850
generalized anxiety disorder107–8, 1042
genetic factors
perceived social support854
subjective well-being177, 890, 891, 902
Gentle Teaching580–1
geography of happiness465–78
German Socio-Economic Panel888, 891–2
global processing19
goals; see also life goals
aspirations220–1
attainment221–2
bipolar spectrum disorders112
coaching1010
subjective well-being138
intrinsic and extrinsic489–90, 508
job goals721
ownership1019–20
pursuit221, 945, 947–8
striving879, 1057
Good Work Project523
goodness93–7
Graham, Katherine808
Grant, Joseph, M.801
gratitude journal966, 986
gray matter27
green initiatives527
green spaces501
GROW1018
guna379
habitability162
habitat163
happiness
accurate-positive-self-appraisal298–300
aggregate indicators442–3
aim of education646–7
ancient Greek philosophy252–4
attachment834–43
behavioral indicators192–3
Buddhist view81, 344–55
Christianity's philosophy254–6
classroom practices579–89
close relationships821–30; see also marriage
construct185–9
creativity126
criteria of descriptive and normative adequacy317
cross-cultural equivalence of measurements193–4
early Chinese thought263–77
economic analysis433–4
educating for645, 650–5
education as645, 647–50
egocentrism345–6
emotional intelligence79–83
emotional state theories303, 308–10
endorsement310
engagement309–10
Enlightenment256–9
evolutionary psychological perspective875–82
friendship860–7, 880–1, 896
geography of465–78
health link124–5, 126–7, 880
illusion of291–3
importance of311–13
income level123, 434–6
Indian tradition372–3
job characteristics734–9, 744–6
lessons in551–61
life goal choices894–5
life satisfaction303, 305–8
(p. 1085)
long-term psychological sense of304
longevity124
marriage122–3, 824–6, 880
materialism880
meaning of170, 171, 185–6, 466–8, 676, 1068
mental processes739–44
multiple definitions3–4
opposites of326–35
organizational virtuousness682–4
perceived social support847–56
pleasure and346
as positive emotions330
positive self-appraisal297–300
positive state of mind293–6
prosocial behavior126
psychological capital756–9
psychological well-being786–7
purely objective standards296
purely subjective standards297–8
relationship success122–3, 125–6
religiousness97–9, 895–6
rewards of119–28
roller coaster of emotions74
scientific study11–12, 156
self-reports120, 310–11
social relationships122–3, 125–6
spending and saving money488–9
standards296–300
subjective well-being186–9, 330
sustainable happiness model903–5
unemployment436–8
virtuousness link682–4
wealth link80, 880
well-being sense of happiness304–5
work design711–25
work success123
yearning for7–8
happy endings46
Hard Times (Dickens)644–5
hardiness66
hatred350–1
health
autonomy in220
coaching1012–13
definition4
educating about652–3
emotional intelligence79
happiness link124–5, 126–7, 880
meditation benefits417–18
negative health165
policy development524
positive health166
psychological well-being788–9
self-perceived880
subjective well-being link144
heart attacks789
hedonia201
hedonic adaptation prevention model905–8
Hedonic and Eudaimonic Motives for Activities scale206
hedonic approach3, 4, 216
hedonic happiness581–2, 676, 981
hedonic treadmill36, 82, 137, 178, 902
hedonic value42
hedonic well-being80–1
hedonism542
reflective equilibrium318
heliotropism683–4
helping behavior126
heritability,see genetic factors
Hewlett Packard808–9
high blood pressure788–9
Hinduism/Sanātana Dharma371–82, 416
ānanda374, 375
artha376, 379
dharma376, 378, 379, 380–1
duhkha375
goals of life376–7
guna379
kāma376, 379
moksha376, 379, 380
panchakosha377–8
paramapurushārtha378
preyas373–5
purushārtha376
shreyas373–5
sthitaprajna375
sukha375
Upanishads373–5, 377–8
history teaching640
homeostasis188–9
household waste recycling506
Howard Hughes Corporation803, 804
hunter-gatherers878
hyperactivating strategies835–6
hypertension788–9
hypnotism293–4
“I”351
I-deals717
identified regulation219
identity
awareness-identity378
consumerism484–5
meaning in life945–6
positive identity construction769–71
three aspects351
work and696
illness diagnosis933–4
immediate experience sampling measures55
immigrants64
immune function124–5, 127
imperial power motivation803
impulsivity1002
inaction1002
inclusion/exclusion model45
income; see also wealth
happiness123, 434–6
subjective well-being141–2, 144, 176–7, 469, 470, 472–3, 491–2
well-being697–8
Indian psychology379–80
individualist cultures143, 178, 455, 485
individuation203
indoctrination559–60
inequality11, 469–71, 472, 528
informant reports139–40
information processing854
integrated regulation219
intentional action365–6, 903–4
internal qualities of life162
international cooperation programs64
internet use68, 880–1
interventions
acceptance and commitment therapy994–1004
commercial market958
consumer-targeted1062
insecure attachment842–3
intentional activities904
mindfulness-based361, 388, 392–3, 418, 1001
person-activity fit971–2
positive interventions964–70
positive psychotherapy970, 978–89
post-traumatic growth934–5
psychological capital training759–60
rewards of happiness121–2
self-help963
social support855
staff-targeted1062
subjective well-being178–9
systemic1061–3
well-being therapy1037–46
work-oriented746
intrinsic aspirations220–1
intrinsic goals489–90, 508
intrinsic motivation66–7, 218
intrinsically motivated orientation67
introjected regulation219
intuition pumps321
invulnerability fallacy635
item response theory460
item weighting190–1
job characteristics714–15, 734–9, 744–6
job crafting717, 773
job demands-control715
job demands-resources68, 715
job design698
job enrichment714, 772
job goals721
job interviews720
job orientation701–2
job performance787
job satisfaction46–7, 523, 698–9, 784–5, 788, 878
joint attention21–2
judgment
choice–judgment discrepancy51–4
contingent models36–7
kāma376, 379
karma354, 365–6
(p. 1087) KidsMatter573
language996
latent work design718–21
laughter598–9
leadership792
leadership teams803–4
learned optimism572
learning difficulties580–1
life-ability162–3, 165–6
life coaching1011–12
life goals
choices and happiness894–5
Hinduism376–7
pursuit and attainment220–2
Life Journey Enhancement Tools (LifeJET)1058
life of meaning205
life philosophy927
life-planning547–8
life satisfaction4, 135, 234, 303, 305–8, 441–2
German Socio-Economic Panel data888, 891–2
perceived social support848
positive emotions23
religious involvement895–6
set-points892–4
life visioning1057
limitations287–8
literary examples322–3
literature teaching640
livability162, 164–5
local environment and well-being501–2
local processing19
local well-being473–5
locus of causality66
locus of control66, 564
loneliness473–5
loneliness of command806
longevity124, 144
love of life282
loving-kindness meditation23, 122, 385, 965–6
makarios255
“Making Listening Special”580–1
marriage
happiness122–3, 824–6, 880
sanctification399–400, 401–2, 403
subjective well-being140–1, 176
mastery968–9
mate attraction880, 881
materialism488–90, 507–9, 880
maternal positive affect22
maturity203
Mayer–Salovey model596–7
meaning583, 621, 941–51, 964, 982
across the lifespan949–50
building969–70
in the classroom583, 586
comprehension943, 944–5
conceptualization942–3
connectedness945, 947
contents of944
definition943
development945
educating about654
elements943
experiencing943
goal pursuit945, 947–8
identity945–6
model of lifelong meaning944–5
optimal functioning236
positive future-oriented attitudes945, 948
purpose and943, 944–5
relationships944, 947
religion98
search for300–1, 943–4
self-in-world views945, 948–9
at work699, 714
mechanistic view997–8
media effects488
medical model332, 979
meditation
affective balance392
attention389, 390–1
attitude389
brain activity391, 417
Buddhist tradition359, 363–5, 385–6, 389–90
calm abiding387–8
in the classroom598
definition386–8
flourishing388
(p. 1088)
health benefits417–18
insight387–8
intention and389
loving-kindness23, 122, 385, 965–6
mental balance390–3
mindfulness-based359, 363–5, 389–93
neuroscience389–90
optimism392
psychological approaches389–93
memory, endowment–contrast model38
mental balance390–3
mental flourishing331
mental health
complete state model331
consumer-defined recovery1051–2
dual continua model916–19
policy development524
positive mental health promotion and protection915–23
stability of919–20
well-being712–13
mental illness
disability-adjusted life years915
dual continua model916–19
flourishing331
mental processes739–44
metaphysical comfort265
MIDUS study822, 917–19
Milestone School580–1, 582
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA)498
mindfulness222, 388, 1027–8
in the classroom582–3, 597–8
mental balance390–3
psychological approaches389–93
mindfulness-based interventions361, 388, 392–3, 418, 1001
mindfulness meditation359, 363–5, 389–93
mindlessness1027
minorities64
moksha376, 379, 380
money and happiness488–9; see also income; wealth
mood as information38, 43–4
mood disorders, well-being therapy1041–2
mood happiness186
mood propensity309
morally unworthy293
mortality reduction124
mortality salience934
motivation
age-related differences1032–3
emotions as motivators75–6
eudaimonia205–6
executive well-being802–3
extrinsic218–19
intrinsic66–7, 218
multiple discrepancy theory138
music267–9
natural selection876–7
nature, sanctification of406
Navajo63–4
need fulfillment138
negative emotions
attention narrowing19
avoidance motivation75–6
in Buddhism349–51, 352–5
as facilitators76
generalized anxiety disorder108
messages relayed by75
positive psychotherapy985–6
strategic interference theory878–9
undoing by positive emotions24–5
value of128, 229
weak and substantive opposite of positive emotions330
well-being80
negative health165
negotiation125–6
neighborhood networks526
neo-positivist research482–3
neuroplasticity942
neuropsychology361–2
neuroscience
broaden and build effects25–7
meditation389–90
neuroticism142, 721, 723, 889, 890, 896
new economics foundation958–9
noble values413
noise pollution505
normative questions316
North Karelia project525
(p. 1089) nuclear power stations502
nucleus accumbens27
nun study124, 144
occupation, see job headings; work
occupational strain management programs746
old age
giving choices1032
meaning in life948–9
motivation1032–3
perceived control1031–2
policy development524–5
priming1028–31
socially constructed world1031
stereotyping1026–8
Olympic medalists53, 741
omnipotence fallacy635
omniscience fallacy635
optimal experience60, 1040; see also flow
optimal functioning235–8
optimism
depression risk108, 111
meditation392
positive organizational behavior framework753
subjective well-being177
orbitofrontal cortex27
organismic-dialectic1015
organismic valuing theory931–2
organismic wellness214–15
organizational health784
organizations; see also work
collaborative recovery model1062
definition of healthy organizations784
downsizing680
executive well-being798–810
history of well-being research784–5
positive organizational behavior752–6
positive organizational scholarship2, 671
psychological capital751–62
social capital682–3
virtuousness676–86
outcomes
eudaimonia210
positive psychotherapy987
post-traumatic growth932–3
quality of life161, 163
subjective well-being144, 179
own-race bias21
Oxford Happiness Inventory194–5
pain management1003
panchakosha377–8
paramapurushārtha378
parents
evolutionary perspective879
positive emotions and child development22
resilience program for623
sanctification of parenting404–5
work-family enrichment703
Pareto optimality52–3
PATHS program615
Penn Resiliency Program572, 584, 593, 617–20, 660–1, 663
PepsiCo806
Perceived Benefit Scales928
perceived control in old age1031–2
perceived social support847–56
perceived work design718, 722–4
“person”351
person-activity fit971–2
personal and social education553–4
personal development education552–61
personal expressiveness204–5
personal growth236–7
personal identity,see identity
personal recovery1051–2
personal salience743
Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education593–4
Personal Synthesis Program560
Personal Well-being Index (PWI)196
personality
flow67–8
perceived social support849–51
subjective well-being136–7, 142–3, 177, 889
well-being713
worker happiness744–5
perspective taking775–6
philosophical method315–24
physical body, sanctification of406
(p. 1090) physical exercise525, 527, 933
picture processing20
Platt, Lew808–9
pleasant life581–2, 621, 981
pleasure964
affect circumplex712
building965–7
feeling or evaluation231–2
happiness and346
Indian tradition372–3
role230
in Upanishads373–5
pleasure principle203
policy decisions
age-related524–5
arts525
constitutional level433, 443
cultural pursuits525
education-related522
environmental sustainability526–7
family-related521–2
happiness research involvement440–3
health-related524
politico-economic process433, 440–3
redistribution528
safety526
social capital526
sports525
subjective well-being428
well-being517–28
work-related522–4
pollution502, 505
positional concerns53
positional goods547
Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS)175, 330, 786, 837, 908–9
positive education536, 568, 580, 657–67
positive emotions
action tendencies18
approach motivation76
attachment patterns836–42
attention broadening18–20, 21–2
bereavement24
broaden-and-build theory18–25, 230, 385, 840–1
classification of distinct emotions27–8
cognitive flexibility20
coping skills125
creativity20
ego depletion25
embodied cognition28–9
as facilitators76
flourishing23
functions230–1
happiness as330
joint attention21–2
in learning environments581–2, 595–6
life satisfaction23
loving-kindness meditation122
messages relayed by75
parental22
perceived social support848–9, 852
pleasant life981
positive outcomes80
problem solving20
psychological capital757
psychopathology101–13
reflected best self771
resilience23–5, 125
social anxiety105–6
social cognition21
social transmission28
success120
therapeutic focus980
thought–outcome contingencies25–6
undoing negative emotions24–5
virtuousness682
weak and substantive opposite of negative emotions330
well-being22–3, 80
positive health166
positive identity construction769–71
positive mental health promotion and protection915–23
positive organizational behavior752–6
positive organizational scholarship2, 671
positive psychology1–2, 568, 713
high school program620–2
recovery and1052
positive psychotherapy970, 978–89
Positive Psychotherapy Inventory987
positive self-appraisal297–300
positive state of mind293–6
positivity331
post-traumatic growth926–36 (p. 1091)
dimensions927
facilitating934–5
operationalizing the construct928–30
outcome prediction932–3
physical exercise933
post-traumatic stress and927
predicting930
self-protective illusion929–930
theoretical perspectives931–2
Post-traumatic Growth Inventory928
post-traumatic stress disorder104, 927, 1043
power motivation802–3
practical thinking639
practice237–8
praise601–2
predicted utility51
preference896, 897
happy endings46
reversals36–7, 52
preference drift46–7
prefrontal cortex2, 27
prejudice93–4
preventive stress management model805
preyas373–5
pristine mindfulness363–5
proactive behaviors717–18
probability, expectations about the future45
problem solving20, 619, 879–80, 881
Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies (PATHS) program615
promoting and protecting mental health915–23
prosocial behavior126
proxy data191
psychic affirmation310
psychic flourishing310
psychic orientation310
psychological capital (PsyCap)751–62
affective mechanism757–8
cognitive mechanism756–7
conative mechanism758–9
definition754
developing759–60
happiness and well-being756–9
positive organizational behavior752–6
social mechanism759
psychological empowerment714
psychological needs217
psychological selection61
psychological well-being
attachment patterns836–7
broaden-and-build approach790–1
cardiovascular health788–9
characteristics786–7
eudaimonic model4, 204
happiness as786–7
workers783, 787–8, 792, 793
Psychological Well-being Scale204
psychotherapy979
positive psychotherapy970, 978–89
public goods441–2
public policy,see policy decisions
public transport504
pulse product789, 790, 791–2
purpose943, 944–5, 982
educating about654
religiousness98
at work696, 772–3
purushārtha376
quality of life4, 161–4
range-frequency theory35–6
rational consumer hypothesis438–40
reality principle203
reconstructive analysis317
recovery approach
consumer-defined recovery1051–2
positive psychology1052
service provision1052–8
recycling household waste506
redistributive policies528
reflected best self767–77
reflective equilibrium317–20
reflective thinking636
Reinemund, Steve806
relatedness217, 1016–17
relational Buddhism367–8
relational frame theory996–7
relational interbeing367–8
(p. 1092) relational regulation theory853–4
relational self360
relationships; see also marriage
affirmation775–6
age differences827–8
assessment822
attachment and positive emotions838
cultural differences828
educating about545, 653
emotional intelligence78
engaging in967–8
environmental barriers877
friendship860–7, 880–1, 896
gender differences826–7
good functioning236
importance of for happiness823–4
lessons in653
meaning in life944, 947
partner happiness839–40
post-traumatic growth927
psychological capital759
reflected best self771
resilience611–12
sanctification403
subjective well-being144, 177
success and happiness122–3, 125–6
at work700
releasement284
religion and religiousness; see also Buddhism; Hinduism/Sanātana Dharma
benefits of beliefs411–12
charitable giving95–7
Christianity's philosophy of happiness254–6
education sector542
engaging in and well-being88–99
eudaimonic thought202–3
goodness93–7
happiness link97–9, 895–6
meaning and purpose98
prejudice93–4
self-control98
social support98
subjective well-being142, 176
terror management99
virtues94
volunteerism94–5
reminiscences969–70
resilience610–12
creativity664
environments promoting610–11
parent program623
Penn Resiliency Program572, 584, 593, 617–20, 660–1, 663
positive emotions23–5, 125
positive organizational behavior framework753
relationships611–12
teacher program622–3
trauma response103
UK Resilience Programme522, 594
resolution284
resources, demands and66
reward26–7; see also success
Romanian orphanage children22
rumination931, 1001
safety policy526
salutogenesis66
samsara344
Sanātana Dharma,see Hinduism/Sanātana Dharma
sanctification397–408
benefits408
defining398–401
nature406
non-theistic400–1
parenting404–5
physical body406
sexuality403–4
strivings402–3
theistic399–400
threats to407
Sarbanes-Oxley Act (2002)804
Sarkozy, Nicolas3, 12, 519
satisfaction treadmill907
satisfaction with life,see life satisfaction
Satisfaction with Life Scale175, 195–6
saving money489
savoring965, 986
Scales of Psychological Well-being195
(p. 1093) scheme theory236
schizophrenic-spectrum disorders113
schools; see also education
classroom practice579–89
policy development522
well-being therapy1043–5
whole-school approach554–5, 570, 584–6
science teaching640
scientific knowledge11
scientific paradigm888
Seattle Social Development program615
SEED skills649
selection interviews720
self351–2
Buddhist understanding351–2, 360–1
post-traumatic growth927
reflected best self767–77
well-being and sense of self377–8
self-actualization66, 166, 203
self-appraisal297–300
self-awareness802
self-content vs self-context1001
self-control98, 439
self-deception285–6
self-determination theory66–7, 236
coaching efficacy1014, 1015–16, 1018
good life218–22
materialism489
meta-theoretical and theoretical underpinnings217–18
self-efficacy66, 68, 664–5, 742
self-esteem177, 565–6, 603, 665
self-expansion21
self-fulfillment312
self-help962–3
self-in-world views945, 948–9
self-perceived health880
self-realization374
self-reflection931
self-regulation
anxiety disorders102–3, 104, 105–6, 108
in the classroom598
self-reliance803
sense of coherence66
September 11 attacks24, 93, 680, 807–8
set-point theory136, 137, 188–9, 887, 888, 890, 891, 892–4, 897, 902
sexual relationships
sanctification403–4
social anxiety106
shared method variance824, 828, 864
shattered assumptions theory931
shift work699
shopping483
shreyas373–5
signature strengths967, 981, 988
skills
challenge and62, 65–6, 67–8
development237–8
smoking behavior439
Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning (SEAL)560, 572–3, 596
social and emotional learning567, 612–13
social anxiety disorder104–7
social bonds, work-related696
social capital526, 682–3
social cognition21
social comparison
contrast–empathy model47–9
subjective well-being138
Social Decision Making and Social Problem Solving Program615
social dilemmas503
social isolation806
social networks880–1, 896, 971
Social Relations Model850
social relationships,see relationships
social support
attachment theory855
capitalization support853
interventions855
perceived support and happiness847–56
psychological capital759
relational regulation theory853–4
religion98
stress and coping social support theory853
at work700, 721–2, 759
social transmission28
socialized power motivation802–3
socially constructed world1031
society
cross-national comparisons of societal well-being455
livability and165
materialism-linked problems490
(p. 1094) solastalgia502
soldiers, flow65
Solon252–4
spending money488–9
spirit level hypothesis470
spirituality339; see also religion and religiousness
route to well-being420–1
spiritual development414–16
spiritual experience412
spiritual practice416–17
sports policy525
spousal death141, 825
Square of Opposition327–8
stages on life's way280–1
standard social science model216
standards296–300
stereotypes of old age1026–8
sthitaprajna375
Stoicism155, 202, 332
storytelling582, 584–5
strategic interference theory878–9
Strath Haven Positive Psychology Curriculum660
strengths; see also character strengths
educating about653, 662–3
signature strengths967, 981, 988
at work773–4
Strengths Gym585, 587
stress
demands and resources66
executives805
stress and coping social support theory853
Stress-Related Growth Scale928
strivings402–3
student well-being568–74
subcontraries328
Subjective Happiness Scale175
subjective well-being134–45, 171, 174–80
affective component3, 134–5, 449, 694
age and140, 176
benefits of144
bottom-up versus top-down influences136–7
cognitive component3–4, 135, 449, 694
correlates140–2
cross-national comparisons448–61
cultural differences143–4, 178
definition134–6, 694, 821–2
demographic correlates176
discrepancy theories186–7
domain satisfaction135
dynamic equilibrium theory743, 889–90, 902
economic analysis433–4
economic growth176
four component model135, 187
gender differences140
genetic factors177, 890, 891
global measures449–50
goal attainment138
happiness as330
happiness as part of186–9
health link144
hedonic adaptation178
historical background174–5
homeostasis188–9
indirect assessment139–40
individual differences177–8
informant reports139–40
interventions178–9
life satisfaction135
local area characteristics473
longevity144
marital status140–1, 176
materialism488–90
multidimensional construct3
multiple measures139
narrow measures450
need fulfillment138
optimism177
outcomes144, 179
personality136–7, 142–3, 177, 889
policy development428
relationships144, 177
religiousness142, 176
self-esteem177
self-reports139, 175
set-point theory136, 137, 188–9, 887, 888, 890, 891, 897, 902
single item measures138
social comparison138
(p. 1095)
stability over time137
telic theories138
theoretical approaches136–8
tripartite theory135, 187–8, 916
unemployment437, 473
wealth link176–7
working environment144
substantive opposites329
success119–28
creativity123, 126
education546–7
emotional intelligence78–9
physical health124–5, 126–7
positive emotions120
prosocial behavior126
relationships122–3, 125–6
at work123
suffering282, 346–8
sukha81, 344, 375
support groups935
survival164
sustainable development498–511, 526–7
sustainable happiness model903–5
sustained attention237
Swādhyāyee379–80
tacit knowledge633
Taoism,see Daoism
taxation528
teachers
coaching1013–14
danger of over-burdening602
happiness of586–7
resilience622–3
role in teaching happiness655
as role models of wisdom639
technology68, 880–1, 971
terror management99, 934
therapeutic relationship980
therapies,see interventions
thought experiments321
thought–outcome contingencies25–6
threat19
Three Good Things966, 967, 986
Thriving Scale928
time283
tobacco consumption439
tragedies807–8
tragedy of the commons503
training
acceptance and commitment in the workplace1002–3
psychological capital759–60
transactional theory722, 723
transcendent emotions413–14
transformational model931
translation equivalence458–9
transport choice504
trauma; see also post-traumatic growth; post-traumatic stress disorder
executive well-being807–8
response to103–4
shattered assumptions theory931
tripartite model of subjective well-being135, 187–8
trivial pursuits295
true self235
twin studies143
tyranny of positive thinking934
UK Resilience Programme522, 594
unemployment428, 436–8, 473, 522–3
United States of America, pursuit of happiness259–60
unrealistic optimism fallacy635
up-building280–1
Upanishads373–5, 377–8
upside-down people272
utilitarianism156
utility of life163, 166–7
valence75
value(s)
acceptance and commitment therapy1001–2
collaborative recovery model1057
education environments560
ethical633, 639
eudaimonia208–9
hedonic value42
materialism490
reflected best self771
search for300–1
virtual reality294
virtue
amplifying effects682–3
buffering effects683
defining virtuousness676–7
happiness link682–4
heliotropic effects683–4
interpersonal413–14
measurement684
moderators and mediators685
organizational676–86
positive emotions682
prediction684–5
religiousness94
well-being and312–13
vision for life1057
vitality309, 768
emotional intelligence79
reflected best self768, 770–1, 776–7
relational affirmation776
strength-based engagement773–4, 777
vitamin model735–9
volunteerism94–5
wages and job satisfaction46–7
water conservation505
wealth; see also income
fame and547
happiness link80, 880
inequality11
societal well-being455
subjective well-being176–7
weather conditions502–3
web activities68, 880–1
well-being3; see also functional well-being; psychological well-being; subjective well-being
cardiovascular health788–90
coaching and1014–21
consumer culture theory482, 485–7
consumer society483–5, 487–8
contentment419
contrast55–6
contrast–empathy model49
defining694
education and540–9
endowment55–6
eudaimonia as a form of207
eudaimonic perspective81
executives798–810
experiential versus cognitive influences37
hedonic perspective80–1
Hindu/Sanātana Dharma perspective371–82
income level697–8
index of56
Indian tradition372–3
local environmental conditions501–2
local well-being473–5
materialism507–8
measurement55, 379, 518–19
mental health712–13
negative emotions80
personality traits713
positive emotions22–3, 80
psychological capital756–9
psychological route to420–1
public policy517–28
religious engagement88–99
self-control439
self-sense377–8
spiritual route to420–1
of students568–74
sustainable development498–511
variety908–11
virtue and312–13
work and693–704
well-being therapy1037–46
affective disorders1041–2
for children1045
in schools1043–5
structure1038–41
Wellington College647, 650–4
whole-school approach554–5, 570, 584–6
widowhood141, 825
will to power282, 300
windows700
wisdom631–41
affirming relationships775–6
balance theory632–4
definition631–2
teaching for634–40
(p. 1097) work; see also job headings
acceptance and commitment training1002–3
affect in696–7
attributes of work698–9
authenticity774–5
autonomy220
coaching in the workplace1011, 1013
context699–701
core strengths773–4
in education548–9
employee retention787–8
employment contracts697–8
engagement772–5
environmental factors700, 734–9
family–work interface703
flow68
happiness and work design711–25
identity696
interventions746
meaningful nature699, 714
orientation701–2
person-centered approach to worker happiness739–44
personal dispositions744–5
policy development522–4
proactive behaviors717–18
psychological well-being783, 787–8, 792, 793
purpose696, 772–3
reflected best self767–77
relational affirmation775–6
relationships700
sanctification of405–6
shift work699
social bonds696
social support700, 721–2, 759
subjective well-being144
success and happiness123
value creation768–71, 773–4, 776–7
well-being and693–704
Work-related Flow Inventory (WOLF)62
working alliance1056
World Database of Happiness450–4, 502
writing969
yoga381
Zippy's Friends593 (p. 1098)