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date: 24 November 2017

Abstract and Keywords

The proposed relationship between healthy employees and healthy organizations has long fascinated organizational researchers. Historically, however, organizational health was narrowly considered in terms of survival, operationalized as financial success. Definitions of what constitutes organizational health have recently grown to include employee happiness, health, and betterment. Consistent with this approach is research considering “happiness” as psychological well-being (PWB). To that end, a brief historical overview of the role of employee well-being in organizational research is introduced. Second, PWB is defined. Third, a review of the literature establishing relationships among employee well-being, job performance, and employee retention is provided. Fourth, research linking PWB with employee cardiovascular health is introduced. The chapter concludes with several promising future research directions for encouraging employee PWB.

Keywords: happiness, psychological well-being, job performance, employee retention, cardiovascular health, pulse product, and broaden-and-build theory

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