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date: 26 May 2017

Abstract and Keywords

Flow or Optimal Experience is a positive and complex state of consciousness arising in situations characterized by the individual’s perception of high challenges in the task at hand, and of adequate personal skills. Its core psychological features are concentration, involvement, control of the situation, clear-cut feedback on the course of the activity, and clear goals. These features were detected among participants belonging to the most varied age groups, cultures, SES, and occupational categories. The cultivation of activities associated with optimal experience progressively promotes the increase of related skills, and the subsequent search for more complex challenges. From this perspective, flow represents a useful tool to promote learning, development, and well-being in the domains of work, leisure, education and health.

Keywords: optimal experience, challenge/skill balance, well-being, development, culture

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