- The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Language
- List of Contributors
- Frege's Contribution to Philosophy of Language
- Wittgenstein on Language: From Simples to Samples
- Philosophy of Language in the Twentieth Century
- Language as Internal
- Languages and Idiolects: Their Language and Ours
- Rule‐Following, Meaning, and Normativity
- Naturalist Theories of Meaning
- Truth and Meaning
- Meaning Holism
- Indeterminacy of Translation
- Intention‐Based Semantics
- Propositional Content
- Conceptual Role Semantics
- Semantic Internalism and Externalism
- Relevance Theory—New Directions and Developments
- The Distinction between Semantics and Pragmatics
- The Essence of Reference
- Predicate Reference
- Names and Natural Kind Terms
- What Does it Take to Refer?
- Formal Semantics
- Two‐Dimensional Semantics
- The Pragmatics of the Logical Constants
- Logical Form and LF
- Semantics for Nondeclaratives
- Speech Acts and Performatives
- Meaning and Reference: Some Chomskian Themes
- What I Know When I Know a Language
- Realism and Antirealism
- Shared Content
- The Perils and Pleasures of Interpretation
Abstract and Keywords
Whether a predicate is a referential expression depends upon what reference is conceived to be. Even if it is granted that reference is a relation between words and worldly items, the referents of expressions being the items to which they are so related, this still leaves considerable scope for disagreement about whether predicates refer. One of Frege's great contributions to the philosophy of language was to introduce an especially liberal conception of reference relative to which it is unproblematic to suppose that predicates are referring expressions. According to this liberal conception, each significant expression in a language has its own distinctive semantic role or power, a power to effect the truth-value of the sentences in which it occurs.
Logic & Metaphysics, Birkbeck College London
Fraser MacBride is a Reader in the School of Philosophy at Birkbeck College London. He previously taught in the Department of Logic & Metaphysics at the University of St. Andrews and was a research fellow at University College London. He has written several articles on the philosophy of mathematics, metaphysics, and the history of philosophy, and is the editor of The Foundations of Mathematics and Logic (special issue of The Philosophical Quarterly, vol. 54, no. 214 January 2004).
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