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date: 17 December 2018

Abstract and Keywords

In establishing international norms, such as those in international environmental law, one might turn to ethics for three reasons. First, as an individual (or government) engaged in the process of moral reasoning, one might be seeking guidance in identifying the morally ideal choice among the available policy alternatives: which option ought to be brought about? Second, one might employ ethics to persuade others to endorse the same choice. The third use of ethics would be to justify imposing a law or policy on others who remain unpersuaded by reason. Environmental ethics comes into play when we wish to evaluate environment-affecting actions on account of their impact on the environment rather than on account of their (indirect) impact on present or future humans. This article deals with ethics and international environmental law. It examines environmental ethics regarding human welfare, direct environment, and human character/ideal; ethics among people with respect to the environment; ethics among generations with respect to the environment; temporally remote tort; and sustainable development.

Keywords: environmental ethics, international environmental law, human welfare, environment, human character, tort, sustainable development

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