Abstract and Keywords

This chapter, which examines the unity shared between what appear to be conflicting modes of natural investigation, an often neglected aspect of the history of British natural philosophy, also discusses the views of Francis Bacon on observation and experiment and describes his system of the sciences. It looks at aspects of Bacon's program for natural philosophy that made critics set the divide Baconian natural philosophy and the mathematical sciences of the seventeenth century. The chapter furthermore highlights the role of the Baconian system of the sciences in the acceptance of Isaac Newton's Principia mathematica.

Keywords: natural investigation, British natural philosophy, Francis Bacon, observation, experiment, mathematical sciences, Isaac Newton, Principia mathematica

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