- The Oxford Handbooks of political science
- About the Contributors
- Elaborating the “New Institutionalism”
- Rational Choice Institutionalism
- Historical Institutionalism
- Constructivist Institutionalism
- Network Institutionalism
- Old Institutionalisms
- The State and State-Building
- Development of Civil Society
- Economic Institutions
- Exclusion, Inclusion, and Political Institutions
- Analyzing Constitutions
- Comparative Constitutions
- American Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations
- Comparative Federalism
- Territorial Institutions
- Executives—The American Presidency
- Executives In Parliamentary Government
- Comparative Executive–Legislative Relations
- Public Bureaucracies
- The Welfare State
- The Regulatory State?
- Legislative Organization
- Comparative Legislative Behavior
- Comparative Local Governance
- Judicial Institutions
- The Judicial Process and Public Policy
- Political Parties In and Out of Legislatures
- Electoral Systems
- Direct Democracy
- International Political Institutions
- International Security Institutions: Rules, Tools, Schools, or Fools?
- International Economic Institutions
- International NGOs
- Encounters With Modernity
- About Institutions, Mainly, but not Exclusively, Political
- Thinking Institutionally
- Political Institutions—Old and New
- Name Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
This article discusses the state, which has been studied from many angles. However, it has been deemed that no single theory can completely capture and explain its complexities. The article begins by addressing the question: what is the state? It then moves on to trace the origins of the state and state-building, and discuss Karl Marx's various approaches to the state. The rest of the article is devoted to identifying the state-centered theories and the Foucauldian, feminist, and ‘strategic-relational’ approaches. Discourse analysis and the stateless state theory are introduced in the chapter as well.
Bob Jessop is Director of the Institute for Advanced Studies and Professor of Sociology at Lancaster University.
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