- List of Illustrations and Tables
- List of Contributors
- Medicine and Health in the Graeco-Roman World
- Medieval Medicine
- Early Modern Medicine
- Health and Medicine in the Enlightenment
- Medicine and Modernity
- Contemporary History of Medicine and Health
- Global and Local Histories of Medicine: Interpretative Challenges and Future Possibilities
- Chinese Medicine
- Medicine in Islam and Islamic Medicine
- Medicine in Western Europe
- History of Medicine in Eastern Europe, Including Russia
- Science and Medicine in the United States of America
- Public Health and Medicine in Latin America
- History of Medicine in Sub-Saharan Africa
- Medicine and Colonialism in South Asia since 1500
- History of Medicine in Australia and New Zealand
- Childhood and Adolescence
- Medicine and Old Age
- Historical Demography and Epidemiology: The Meta-Narrative Challenge
- Chronic Illness and Disease History
- Public Health
- The Political Economy of Health Care in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
- Health, Work, and Environment: A Hippocratic Turn in Medical History
- History of Science and Medicine
- Women, Health, and Medicine
- Health and Sexuality
- Medicine and the Mind
- Medical Ethics and the Law
- Medicine and Species: One Medicine, One History?
- Histories of Heterodoxy
- Oral Testimony and the History of Medicine
- Medical Film and Television: An Alternative Path to the Cultures of Biomedicine
Abstract and Keywords
This article surveys the present position of the animal within the history of human medicine, linking this to work in the history of veterinary medicine, and also speculates on the value of making ‘species’ a central and unifying theme of a new history of medicine. It mentions that re-conceiving medicine as a set of knowledge-practices grounded in interspecies interactions promises to reinvigorate the subject. It draws on a diverse theoretical literature ranging from ‘animal studies’ to ‘post-human’ literature in order to suggest how such an approach could allow us to re-imagine what medicine has been and still may be. This is a timely project as the medical and veterinary professions, after long debating the notion of ‘one medicine’ as ‘a common pool of knowledge in microbiology, immunology, physiology, pathology and epidemiology’, are now calling to develop the field.
Robert G. W. Kirk joined the Centre for the History of Science, Technology, and the Medicine and Wellcome Unit for the History of Medicine at the University of Manchester in 2006, having completed a PhD in the history of medicine at University College London. He is a historian of twentieth-century medicine, the biomedical sciences, and bioethics, with specific interest in the place of non-human animals in such histories. His research explores the development of animal experimentation in Britain, tracing how animal welfare became a scientific and moral necessity within as much as without the laboratory. By tracing the changing development of laboratory practice alongside shifts in wider public and antivivisectionist thought (which, together, shaped the emergence of the ‘animal rights’ movement in the 1970s), this work will historicize the formation of the now dominant utilitarian form of reasoning that governs contemporary animal experimental practice. He is also working on the history of the medicinal leech, and is beginning a new project on the relationships between laboratory and clinical practice in the development of psychopharmacology.
Michael Worboys is Director of the Centre for the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine and Wellcome Unit for the History of Medicine at the University of Manchester. He continues to work on the history of colonial science and medicine, the history of infectious diseases, and the development of the biomedical sciences. His most recent publications are Mad Dogs and Englishmen: Rabies in Britain, 1830–2000 (2007), co-authored with Neil Pemberton, and a collection, co-edited with Flurin Condrau, entitled Tuberculosis Then And Now: Perspectives on the History of an Infectious Disease (2010). He is starting new work on pedigree dog breeding in Victorian Britain and the recent history of laboratory-clinic relations.
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