Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 11 December 2018

Abstract and Keywords

Early agriculture in north-west Europe was highly diverse. Sometimes it spread rapidly, at other times it scarcely advanced at all, and in southern Scandinavia it retreated after its initial advance. Linearbandkeramik (LBK) farmers occupied small clearings on loess soils, concentrating on cattle and cereals and hardly exploiting the surrounding forest at all. After more than a millennium agriculture spread into southern Scandinavia; after an initial period in which some settlements contained many wild animals, by the middle Neolithic agriculture was ubiquitous. It did not spread into southern Norway until the late Neolithic, and in the badlands between the loess soils of central Europe and the glacial moraine of southern Scandinavia hunting remained important throughout the Neolithic. In Britain, most regions saw cultivation and domestic animals rapidly come to predominate the economy, but north-western Scotland may have continued hunting, fishing, and gathering until later in the Neolithic.

Keywords: Neolithic, cultivation, agriculture, domestic animals, crops, north-west Europe, Linearbandkeramik (LBK), Southern Scandinavia, Britain

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.