- The Oxford Handbook of Nietzsche
- List of Abbreviations
- List of Contributors
- Nietzsche and the Family
- Nietzsche and Women
- Nietzsche’s Illness
- Nietzsche and the Greeks
- Nietzsche and Romanticism: Goethe, Hölderlin, and Wagner
- Nietzsche the Kantian?
- Schopenhauer as Nietzsche’s “Great Teacher” and “Antipode”
- Influence on Analytic Philosophy
- The Themes of Affirmation and Illusion in the Birth of Tragedy and Beyond
- ‘Holding on to the Sublime’: On Nietzsche’s Early ‘Unfashionable’ Project
- The Gay Science
- Zarathustra: ‘that Malicious Dionysian’
- Beyond Good and Evil
- Nietzsche’s Genealogy
- Nietzsche’s Antichrist
- Beholding Nietzsche: Ecce Homo, Fate, and Freedom
- Nietzsche’s Metaethical Stance
- Nietzsche and the Arts of Life
- Nietzsche on Autonomy
- The Overman
- Order of Rank
- ‘A Promise Made is a Debt Unpaid’: Nietzsche on the Morality of Commitment and the Commitments of Morality
- Will to Power: Does it Lead to the “Coldest of all Cold Monsters”?
- Life’s Perspectives
- Nietzsche’s Naturalism Reconsidered
- Nietzsche’s Philosophical Aestheticism
- Being, Becoming, and Time in Nietzsche
- Eternal Recurrence
- Nietzsche’s Metaphysical Sketches: Causality and will To Power
- The Psychology of Christian Morality: Will to Power as Will to Nothingness
- Nietzsche’s Philosophical Psychology
- Nietzsche On Life’s Ends
- Subject Index
- Name Index
Abstract and Keywords
This article examines Nietzsche’s notion of a drive. It addresses three main questions: first, what is a drive? Second, what type of awareness do we have when we are being moved by a drive? Third, what is the relationship between being moved by a drive and reflectively choosing to perform an action? A drive is a disposition that lead agents to evaluative orientation. Drives manifest themselves by structuring the agent’s perceptions, affects, and reflective thought. Drives do not simply arise in response to external stimuli; they actively seek opportunities for expression, sometimes distorting the agent’s perception of the environment in order to incline the agent to act in ways that give the drives expression.
Paul Katsafanas is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Boston University. He works on ethics, agency, and nineteenth-century philosophy. His recent publications include Agency and the Foundations of Ethics: Nietzschean Constitutivism (Oxford University Press, 2013), “Nietzsche and Kant on the Will: Two Models of Reflective Agency” (Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, forthcoming), and “The Concept of Unified Agency in Nietzsche, Plato, and Schiller” (Journal of the History of Philosophy, 2011).
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