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date: 18 November 2018

(p. 671) Index

(p. 671) Index

Page numbers followed by f indicate figures.

Ableton Live, 195
Follow Actions, 387
Launch modes in, 387
quantization in, 387, 390
scenes in, 387
session view, 387
Ableton Push, 387–88
Abril, C., 651
access issues, music technology and, 283–84
Acevedo, P., 298
music program of, 295–96
ACID Pro (program), 195
acoustemology, 512
acoustic instruments, 72, 458, 468
acoustic knowing, 512
active intervention, 451, 455
active thinking, 145
activity, 623–26
Adams, J., 388
adaptive experts, 169
Adé, K. S., 330
administrative technologies, 657
Adorno, T., 19
on repetition, 388
Advanced Placement music theory exams, U.S., 299
affordances, 244
Africa. See also specific countries
instruments in, 178
Internet in, 177, 186–87
music education in, 177
music technology in, 178
oral-aural tradition in, 177–78
rural, 177
surveys in, 179–85
technology in, 177, 185–87, 250–51, 583–85
urban areas in, 185–86
“Africa Stop Ebola” (song), 333
African culture, technology in, 582–83
African diaspora, 388
African music, 177
Afrobeats, 335
agency, 360–61, 455
in music education, 168
Aime, G. B., 406, 407
AirPlay, 471
AirServer, 471
Akai, 208, 388
Akuno, E., 3
Alber, D., 610
algebra, 145
alienation, 19
Allsup, R. E., 542
on child-centered education, 549
Amadou & Mariam, 333
American Federal Radio Commission, 21
Amplified Elephants, 456–57, 460
amps, 205
analog recording, 186
analytical listening, 392
Andersson, A. P., 245
Anhuali Community Center, 411
Animoog, 238, 390
anonymous diversity, 266
Antal, A. B., 609
Antares, 234–35, 390
anxiety, 158
technology and, 318
APC, 388
Apple (company), 23–24, 75–76, 99, 546
Apple, M., 25, 205
(p. 672) Apple TV, 471
apprenticeship, linear model of, 159–60
apps, 115, 318. See also specific apps
development of, 641
on iPad, 360
as scaffold, 468–69
teachers and, 641
Arendt, H., 150
Aristotle, 590
on objects, 138
armchair ethnomusicology, 58
Armstrong, L., 21
Armstrong, V., 285
on gender, 571
Arnold, M., 341
arpeggios, 368
arrangements, 66
Tuneblocks, 198–99
art, Dissanayake on, 77
Articulator, 441
artifacts, 66
ASCII art, 619
assimilation
differences in degrees of, 313
distinction and, 314
Hayles on, 340
in practice, 294–95
of technology, 293–94
assistive music technology, 284
Associated Board of Royal Schools of Music, 134
Atanasoff-Berry Computer, 73
Atari, 35, 555
at-risk learners, 324
Attali, J., 18, 23
attitudes, 620–21, 667–69
Audacity, 158
audiation, 426
AudioCubes, 498–99
aural awareness, 559
Aural Books, 134–35
aural processes, 638
Auralia (program), 133
Australasia, 84
Australia, 89, 454
education in, 92
ICT in, 92
music education in, 98–99, 656
authentic music technology, 563–65
authenticity, 226
authoritative complex, 212, 227–28
autism spectrum, 439–40
automobile, as technology, 83–84
Autonomous University of Chihuahua, 608
autonomy, of musicians, 637–38
Auto-Tune, 234–35, 390
Awadi, Didier, 333
awareness, 300
Babbitt, M., 495
Bach, J. S., 379, 399
Baldwin, R., on teachers, 314
Ball State University, 610
Ballantyne, J., 7
Bamberger, J., 198
on students, 326
Band Aid, 332–33
Bandhub, 467
“Bangla-desh” (Harrison), 335
banking model, 341
Barrett, J. R., 303
BASIC, 620
battles (rap), 207
Bauer, W. I., 424, 633
on music education, 549
Bauerlein, M., 153
Bauman, Z., 359, 360, 365
BBC, 33–34
Beastie Boys, 304
beatboxing, 209
the Beatles, 384
Bebot (app), 441, 443f
bedroom producers, 234, 422–23
Beethoven, 72, 378f, 638
music theory and, 379
Bell, 391
belonging, 455
Benchley, R., 555–56
Benjamin, W., 19
Bennett, H. S., 205
Bentley Test, 34
Berber music, 235
Berkovitz, J., 3–4
Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv, 57–58
Bernard, R., 644
Bernhard, H. C., 424
(p. 673) Bernstein, B., 345
on resources, 349
Berry, A., 524, 528
“Beware the Dandelions,” 305
Bieber, J., 424
binary mindset, 549
Biophilia, 320
Bjork, 320
Blackboard (management system), 530
Bledsoe, R., 6
blended learning, 221
blogs, 467
Bluetooth, 167
BMI Award, 207
Boehm, C., on music technology, 324
Bonde, L. O., 246
Bongo Flava, 335
Bono, 330, 332
Border Crossing, 409
Botswana, music education in, 584
Bourdieu, P., 21
Bowers, J.
on variable engagement and interactivity, 561–62
on variable sociality, 560
Boyette, R. B., 209–12
Boys and Girls Club, 194–95
Breeze, N., 40
Briggs, D., 284
bring-your-own-device (BYOD), 424, 472
British Empire, 490
Bruner, J., 339
Buckingham, D., 250, 261
on education, 262
on mediatization, 263
on participation, 267
Bulgarian bagpipers, 69
Bullmershe College, 105
Burnard, P., 281
Bush, J.-M., 3
Business and Technology Education Council (BTEC), 38
First, 557
National, 557
Bwana, J., 409
Caillois, R., 247
Cakewalk Sonar (program), 195
Camblin, L., 608
on faculty, 613
Campbell, P. S., 205
Candy Crush Saga, 318
Canvas (management system), 530
capitalism, 263
Cappelen, B., 245
captured sound, 20, 22
Caputo, V., 300
Carcassi, M., 399
Carr, N., 279
Carroll, L., 149
Caruso, E., 73
case-based work, 576
framing, 578
learning and, 578–79
MTP and, 577–78
problem-solving, 578
refining, 578
technology and, 579–80
Casella, M., 480
Catholic Church, 370
CDs, 205
Celemony, 320
cerebral palsy, 246–47
change
in aural processes, 638
in concert structure, 639
degrees of, 294–95
in faculty, 605
Kigozi on, 237
learning and, 649–51
in music curriculum, 640–44
in music education, 342–43, 371
in oral processes, 638
positive, 294
Savage on, 629
students and, 634
teachers and, 634, 639–40
of teacher’s roles, 401–2
technology and, 146, 292, 297–99
Williams, D. A., on, 651
Chaplin, C., 18
Chen, J., 3
Chen-Edmund, J.-J., 408
Chernoff, J. M., 388
Chez Panisse, 78
Chicago House, 207
Chicago Public Library, 505
chiffers, 476
child-centered education, 542
Allsup on, 549
Westerlund on, 549
China Conservatory, 406, 411
Chistakis, D., 422
choral music, 129
chords, 368
in GarageBand, 469
Christendom, 370
Christensen, M., music program of, 295
Chrysostomou, S., 3–5, 123, 125, 161–62
on ICT, 124, 137, 157
on technology, 124, 139
Churchill, W., 154
cicadas, 512
Circuitbenders Forum, 197
citizenship, 267
digital, 269
clarinet, 81–82
Clark, F. E., 20
classical guitar, 399
classical music, 638
classroom
creativity in, 497
flipped, 91, 377
innovation in, 599
iPad in, 319
knowledge and, 318
music technology in, 133
structured time in, 497
technology in, 463, 467–68, 547–49
Clay, M., 313
Clayton, J., 235
Clean Bandit, 332
Clifford, J., 59
cloud-based services, 91
cognitive apprenticeship, 659
collaboration, 364
collective music making, byproducts of, 455
College Music Society Advisory Committee for Education, 205
collegiality, 611
Columbia University, 61, 325
commerce
education and, 147–48
technology and, 147–48
commodification, 20, 53–54
music education and, 21–22
Common Core, in United States, 542
communication, 364
communities, 364. See also mobile learning communities
Greher on, 579–80
of learners, 549–51
nonformal learning, 505
professional learning, 599
communities of practice, 141n2, 208, 573
faculty and, 609–11
Lave on, 228
online music communities as, 228
Wenger on, 228, 549
communities of response, 141n2
formation of, 208–9
Pignato on, 228–29
community music
active intervention approach to, 451
leader in, 460
technology and, 456
comparative ethnomusicology, 58
composition, 244
defining, 425
digital, 242–43
mobile learning communities and, 166–67
music technology for, 73–74
music theory and, 379
in secondary school, 287
teachers and, 321
technology and, 317–18, 423–24
Computer Clubhouse Network, 504, 505
computer-assisted learning (CAL), 100
computers
human-computer interaction, 628
labs, 132
languages, 655
as media, 386
Turkle on, 242–43, 323
in Western schools, 245
concerts
augmentation of experience, 433–35
change in structure of, 639 (p. 675)
formal, 635
in pedagogical models, 639
Concordia University, 74
conspicuous consumption, 21
constructivist movement, 384, 544
consumption
conspicuous, 21
of music, 317
contemporary ethnomusicology, 58
Contemporary Music Project for Creativity in Music Education, 635
content knowledge, 305
content providers, technology as, 541–44
context, 249
technology, 250–51
context-specific experiences, 325–27
contingency plans, 624–25
contingent practical configurations, 560–61
continual professional development, 626–27
controllerism, 388, 436
Conway, S. M., 610
cool factor, 252
copyright, 263
core beliefs, 667–69
Himonides on, 668
Countryman, J., 425
Coupé Dècalé, 335
Coyne, R., 516
Create Digital Music, 197
Creative Arts Laboratory, 325
Creative Commons, 115, 291
creative turn, 192
creativity, 222, 244
in classroom, 497
iPad and, 545–46
music technology and, 320
participation and, 259
products and, 416
rhythmic video games and, 236
risk-taking and, 499
technology and, 147, 245, 410–11
Creativity Labs, 192
Cristofori, B., 72
critical listening, 193
learning and, 235–36
critical literacy, 341
critical pedagogy, 258
critical thinking, in music curriculum, 286–88
criticality, 516
crosscultural understanding, 228
Cuban, L., on laptops, 545
Cubase (program), 35, 384, 571
cultural awareness, 246
technology and, 407
culture, 144
addressing, through praxis, 302–5
knowledge of, 559
music and, 59
music education and, 195–96
participatory, 259
practices, 169
reproduction of, 30
resources, 168
teachers on, 299–302
technology and, 303
Cunha, R., 455
Cycling 74, 436
Cyprus
music education in, 114
teachers in, 114
D12, 332
Dammers, R. J., 282, 285
on students, 652
Damrosch, W., 21
dance music, 394
language of, 425
“The Dance of Eternity” (Dream Theater), 210
Dar es Salaam, 178
Darling-Hammond, L., 531
Darrow, A., 324
Daugherty, E., 613
Davidson, C. N., 263
Davis, M., 78
Davis, N., 386
Day, G., 410
de Vugt, A., on pedagogical models, 599–600
Deal, J., 633
Dean, E., 389
decentralization, 137–38
declarations, 621–22
deconstruction, 661
(p. 676) Deleuze, G., 4, 206, 365
democratization, 21
Kigozi on, 222
MOOCs and, 222
of technology, 285, 658, 661
Destinn, E., 73
deterritorialized experience, 206
DeVito, D., 5
Dewey, J., 20, 549, 591
on education, 263, 268
on ignorance, 264
Diamante, L.
on distinction, 298
music program of, 296–97
Digital Advancement, 109
Digital Agenda, 105–6, 109
digital arts pedagogy, 415
challenges for, 416
digital audio workstation (DAW), 5, 207, 317, 385, 465, 503
notation in, 386
quantization in, 390
digital citizenship, 269, 341–42
digital composition, 242–43
digital divide, 94
digital expats, 621
digital habitat experiences, 257
digital humanities (DH), technology and, 60–62
digital immigrants, 262, 670
digital literacy, 90, 105–6, 138, 317, 319
digital musicians
challenging notion of, 558–60
Hugill on, 598
digital natives, 108, 260, 424, 670
defining, 477
pedagogical models and, 319
Prensky on, 621
rise of, 477–80
Savage on, 629
Turkle on, 479
digital pedagogy, 169
digital performance, 641
digital recording, 186
Digital School, 110
national initiative, 113
digital studio
language and, 394
moving beyond, 392–93
musicianship and, 385–90
pedagogical models of, 390–92
Ruthmann on, 392
digital technology
Howell on, 233
knowledge of, 533
Digital 21 Strategy, 169
digital vernissage, 245
Digital Youth Network, 505
Dillon, S., 384
directors, 507
disability, 241
Disquiet Junto, 392
disruptive innovation, 150, 237–38
Dissanayake, E., on art, 77
distinction
assimilation and, 314
Diamante on, 298
Hayles on, 340
in practice, 294–95
of technology, 293–94
distraction, 237–38
distribution, 209
Dorfman on, 597
through Nimbit, 402
Peppler on, 228
through SoundCloud, 402
DJ Hero, 94
DJ Spooky, 304
Djenet, C., 235
DJing, 299, 425–26, 590, 644
DJs, 207
“Do They Know It’s Christmas” (song), 332–33
Doering, A., 547
do-it-yourself (DIY), 24–25, 658
dopamine, 246
Dorfman, J., 5, 7, 421
on distribution, 597
on ICT, 573
on preservice teachers, 570
on scholarship, 582 (p. 677)
on teachers, 633
on technology, 570
DOS, 20, 105
downloading, illegal, 237
Downton, M., 194
Dream Theater, 210
drum circles, 406
dub reggae, 320
Duckworth, E., 539
DuFour, R., 614
The Dumbest Generation: How the Digital Age Stupefies Young Americans and Jeopardizes Our Future (Bauerlein), 152
Dykema, P., 20
ease of use, 546–47
Ebola
education about, 330
songs about, 331–33
spread of, 329–30
“Ebola in Town” (Shaddy, D12, and Kuzzy), 332
“Ebola is Real” (HOTT FM and UNICEF Liberia), 332
Ebony Village Studios, 186
ecological issues, music technology and, 283
economic issues, music technology and, 283
Edexcel Board, 35, 38
edit windows, 374, 376f
Edmodo (management system), 530
educated hope, 269–70
education. See also higher education; music education
Arendt on, 150
in Australia, 92
banking model, 341
Buckingham on, 262
child-centered, 542, 549
commerce and, 147–48
defining, 222–23
Dewey on, 263, 268
about Ebola, 330
evidence-based, 627–28
formal, 221
Freire on, 270
goals of, 659
in Greece, 109–12
hierarchy, 540
ICT and, 92–93, 94–95
language and, 146–47
laptops in, 545
liberal, 154
mathematics and, 144–45
methods, 525
Morozov on, 150–51
music and, 145–46
philosophy of, 150, 464–65
privatization of, 137–38
Rancière on, 347–48
reform centers, 540
in Singapore, 92–93
standards, 542–43
Talbert on, 151–52
techniques, 525
technology and, 106, 115–16, 144–45
tertiary, 221, 576
traditional, of teachers, 572
traditions of, 524–28
trust in, 152
in Uganda, 582
in United Kingdom, 151
visual arts and, 146–47
Williams, D. A., on, 659
Education 3.0 paradigm, 94–95
Education and Manpower Bureau, 165, 166, 168
Education for All, 90
educational technologies, 657
edutainment, 492
eighth notes, 373–74
Einstein, A., 101
Eisner, E., 52
e-learning, 93f, 167, 168, 221, 655
electrical music/media equipment (EME), 179
electroacoustic music, 560
electronica, 197
Ellington, D., 21
Elliott, D. J., 402
Elliott, Missy, 388
Ellis, A., 57, 58
Ellsey, D., 323, 325, 327
(p. 678) Elpus, K., 651
embouchure, 160
Emmeleia, 112
Emmerson, S., 562
emotional and behavioral difficulties (EBD), 409
emulation, 662
endeere, 237
end-users, 540
English National Curriculum, 42
English schools
information communications technology in, 36–39
music technology in, 33–36
engoma, 237
ensembles, 652
augmentation of, 435–36
high school, 653
size of, 637
Ephpheta Paul VI Pontifical Institute, 406
episteme, 17–18
equity, 472–73
Ertmer, P. A., on technology, 315
ethnomusicology
armchair, 58
comparative, 58
contemporary, 58
music technology and, 59
origins of, 57–59
Etopia, E., 400
European Association for Music in Schools, 39
European Union, 105
Euterpe, 113
evidence-based education, 627–28
exemplars, teachers as, 362–63
experience
concert, 433–35
context-specific, 325–27
deterritorialized, 206
digital habitat, 257
multilocated, 206
perception reaction, 582
technology, 525–26
Experience Music Project Museum, 281
explorers, 507
Facebook, 73–74, 197, 208, 467, 599
facilitator, 363
in pedagogical models, 579
technology and, 459–60
faculty
Camblin on, 613
changes in, 605
communities of practice and, 609–11
development, 604–11, 614
ICT and, 604–8, 614
roles of, 530–33
Steger on, 613
failing, 319
Faith, P., 332
Fakoly, T. J., 333
Fallon, J., 598
Faulkner, R., 546
Feenberg, A., 26
Feld, S, 59
on place, 512
Fenélon, 347, 348
Figure (program), 238, 391
Finale (program), 24, 133
Finland, 124
ICT in, 589
music education in, 588–89
music technology in, 125
teachers in, 625
technology in, 588–89
Finney, J., 205
Firestone, W. A., 608
Fisher, K., 107
Fisher, T., 628
FL Studio, 133, 195, 335
flipped classroom, 91, 377
flow channel, 247
fluency, 68–69. See also literacy
defining, 367–68
music theory and, 376–77
fluxus, 320
folk music, 652
Folkways, 58
Follow Actions (Ableton), 387
Ford, S., 67
formal concerts, 635
formal music, 423
Foucault, M., 16
(p. 679) fourth environment, 241
four-track tape recorder, 269–70, 325, 367
Frankfurt School, 19
Franklin, J., 213
Freedman, B., 5, 8–9, 400, 402, 421
on learners, 413
freedom, 241
Heidegger on, 24
FreeStyle (program), 367
Freire, P., 264, 341
on education, 270
Fuse ODG, 333
Future Shock (Toffler), 19
Gall, M., 2–3, 7, 40, 546–47
on pedagogical models, 599–600
on teachers, 548
game-based learning, 167
GarageBand (program), 23–24, 132–33, 167, 179, 197
chord progressions in, 469
instruments in, 469
learning and, 528
loops in, 389
points of entry to, 598
Gardner, H., 327
Garvey, G., 332
gatekeepers, 658
Gauntlett, D. D., 262
Geertz, C., 59
Geldof, B., 332
Gelineck, S., 387
gender, 300
Armstrong, V., on, 571
inequalities, 298
music technology and, 285
technology and, 571–72
General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE), 556–57
General Guitar Gadgets, 197
Ghana, 179, 283
Cultural Studies Program, 584
Ministry of Education in, 584
music education in, 584
Gil, G., 291
Gill, A., 406
Gillespie, T., 25
“Girls” (Beastie Boys), 304
Giroux, H., 268
Gjertsen, L., 466
glitch (music), 320
glitches, 107
Global Information Technology Report, 89
globalization, 126
ICT and, 90, 137
Leong on, 140
of music, 97–98
music education and, 101
technology and, 89, 348
glocalization, 54, 625
Goldacre, B., 628
Goldberg, D. T., 263
Goldberg Variations (Gould), 22
GoldieBlox, 304
González-Moreno, P. A., 8, 665–67
on technology, 656, 657
Goodall, H., 369
Google Hangout, 405
Gopalakrishnan, S., on technology, 315
Goscinny, R., 619
GoTalk, 407
Gould, G., 78
Goulding, E., 332
government, 101
graduate music education, 532
Grammys, 207
Grateful Dead, 384
Greece, 108, 124, 221, 620
education and technology in, 109–12
ICT in, 111–12
Internet in, 111
language in, 112
music education in, 112–15
music technology in, 112–15
teachers in, 114
Greek National Digital Learning Repositories, 110
Greek National Educational Content Aggregator Photodentro, 110
Greek Observatory of Digital Society, 109
Green, J., 67, 251, 362
on musicians, 220
(p. 680) Green, L., 85, 193, 346, 476
on informal learning, 482
Greene, M., 54
Greenhow, C., 267
Greenwich High School, 367
Greenwood, J., 386
Greher, G., 7, 242, 497
on communities, 579–80
on ICT, 573
on pedagogical models, 592
on preservice teachers, 570
on technology, 583
groove, 425
Group Laiengee, 406
growth mindset, 600
Guattari, F., 365
Guinea, 329
Guitar Hero (game), 23, 94, 194, 417
guitars, 193
Gunbord, 242–43
Haiti, 407–8
Hamlen, K., 400
Hamman, D. L., 613
Hammoud, L. N., 406–7
Harare, 178
hardware
evolution of, 65–67
incompatibilities, 220
harmony, 369–70
Harrison, G., 335
Hay, K., 194
Haydn, 638
Hayles, N. K.
on assimilation, 340
on distinction, 340
on technogenesis, 340
on technology, 293
health, music and, 246–47
Heidegger, M., 3, 16
on freedom, 24
on poiësis, 17–18
on techné, 17–18
on technology, 17
Hein, E., 4–5, 421–22, 425, 427
Heines, J. M., 497
Hepp, A., 257
Herbst, A., 178
Hibbard, S., 610
Higgins, C., 628
Higgins, L., 451
higher education, 539, 624–25
technology in, 604–5
in United States, 540
Himonides, E., 6, 24, 579, 650
on core beliefs, 668
on teachers, 669
on technology, 656
Hipco, 335
hip-hop, 197, 305, 384, 644
beatboxing in, 209
music technology and, 320
ostinati in, 379
Hit Record, 208
Hitchcock, M., 8–9
holistic transformation, 95
Hong Kong, 89, 93, 124, 165
ICT and, 167–69
music education in, 99, 167–69
Honoré, C., 76
Hooper, S., 358
Hopscotch, 319
Horan, Niall, 332
Horkheimer, M., 19
Hornbostel, E., 57–58
hosho, 237
HOTT FM, 332
Hourigan, R., 610
How Music Works (documentary), 369–70
How Popular Musicians Learn (Green, L.), 476
Howell, G., 4–6, 491
on digital technology, 233
on music education, 238
on technology, 233
HTML, 655
Huffman, D., 547
Hughes, J. E., 547
Hugill, A., 7, 436
on digital musicians, 598
on musicians, 558, 559
on pitch, 558
on rhythm, 558–59
on timbre, 559
Huizinga, J., 247
Hullick, J., 456
human determinism (p. 681)
in music education, 314
technological determinism and, 311–12
human needs, technology and, 140
human subjectivity
music and, 19
technology and, 18–23
human-computer interaction, 628
humanity
Pignato on, 249
technology and, 101, 278–80
Turkle on, 152
human-techno future, 99–101
Humberstone, J., 5
hybrid genres, 130
Hypercard, 15–16
hyperconnectivity, 95
Hyperscore, 324
IBM, 620
iCompositions, 197
identification, 331
identity
individual and, 361–62
music and, 34–35
music education and, 161
YouTube and, 361
ignorance, Dewey on, 264
The Ignorant Schoolmaster: Five Lessons in Intellectual Emancipation (Rancière), 347
Ihde, D., 26n3
illegal downloading, 237
imitation, 661
immediacy, 453–57
immersion, 193–94
Impromptu (program), 198
improvisation, 177, 253, 560–63
in secondary school, 288
Improvising Machines (Bowers), 560
In Search of Music Education (Jorgensen), 205
inadequacy, 158
Indaba Music, 208, 467
indigenous music
education, 584
in Kenya, 130–31
individualism, 263
technology and, 361
Indonesia, 450–51
inequality, 265–66
informal learning, 263, 346
defining, 483
Green, L., on, 482
technology and, 251–53, 423
informality, 249
information age, knowledge in, 90–91
information communications technology (ICT), 159, 175
accessibility of, 101
in Australia, 92
Chrysostomou on, 124, 137, 157
Dorfman on, 573
ecology of, 168f
education and, 92–93, 94–95
in English schools, 36–39
in European countries, 39–40
faculty development and, 604–8, 614
in Finland, 589
globalization and, 90, 137
in Greece, 111–12
Greher on, 573
in Hong Kong, 167–69
implementation of, 161–63
learning and, 161
Leong on, 124, 137, 157
in Mexico, 603
in music curriculum, 282
National Curriculum for, 570
network readiness and, 89
progress of, 312–13
UNESCO on, 101
information technology (IT), 655–56
in-group, 229
innovation, 249
play and, 253–54
technology and, 150, 253–54, 466
in-person interactions, 161
in-service training, in United States, 572–73
inspiration, 662
Instagram, 208, 467
instantaneity, 358
instructionism, 54
instrumentalists, 237
instruments, 360
acoustic, 72, 458, 468
in Africa, 178 (p. 682)
building, 451–52
designing, 466
in GarageBand, 469
technology and, 81–82, 95, 399–400
traditional, 82
traditional indigenous musical, 179
Varese on, 108
integrated learning, 93
integration, 342
intellectual property, 237
interactive textbooks, 113–14
interdisciplinary collaboration, 610
interface, 628
International Baccalaureate, 179, 299
International Classification of Function, Disability and Health, 246
International General Certificate, 178
International School of Uganda, 185
International Society for Music Education, 113, 408–9
Internet
access to, 318
in Africa, 177, 186–87
cafes, 177
connectedness to, 318
evolution of, 65–67
in Greece, 111
growth of, 477
Kigozi on, 227
in music education, 107
music education and, 39, 91
radio, 132
roboyette on, 212
voice over Internet protocol, 208
Interpretation of Cultures (Geertz), 59
interpretive turn, 59–60
INXS, 393
i-Orchestra, 418
Iowa Tests of Music Literacy, 400
iPad, 41, 179, 208, 362, 410, 411
apps on, 360
in classroom, 319
as controller, 320, 470
creativity and, 545–46
learning with, 134–35, 153, 440
motivation and, 165–66
notation on, 167
social inclusion and, 440
iPod, 23–24, 73, 179
Ipswich, 561
iRadio, 208
Irish traditional music, 226, 475, 476
isolation, 161
iTunes, 73
iTunes store, 153
Ivory Coast, 335
Jackson, M., 335, 384
Jackson, Tiny, 207, 210
Jackson State University, 406
Jacotot, J., 347
jam sessions, 460
Jam2Jam, prosumers and, 414–15
James Madison University, 406
JamLink, 208
JamPod, 38
Java, 278
J-DISC, 61
Jenkins, H., 67
Jerusalem, 406–7
Jiaxing, X., 411
Joel, B., 598
Johnson, M., 339
joint enterprise, 228
Jordan, B., 206
Jorgensen, E., 205
Journal of Music, Technology and Education, 1
joy, in learning, 153
kakalo, 452
Kampala, 178
Kampala International School, 179, 185
Kanam, B., 333
Kandinsky, W. W., 243
Kanté, M., 333
Kasiwukira, 178
Katz, M., 22
Keita, S., 333
Kenny, A., 4–5
Kent, C., 319
Kenya, 179, 335, 584
indigenous music in, 130–31
music education in, 129–35, 585
music technology in, 131–35
public school in, 130
Kenya Music Festival, 129
Kenyatta University, 130
Khan, A., 207
Khan Academy, 151
Kidjo, A., 332, 333
Kigozi, B., 4, 7, 349
on change, 237
on democratization, 222
on Internet, 227
on music education, 238
on music technology, 219, 220
on place, 225
on poverty, 236
on smartphones, 237
on technology, 233, 249, 250
Kisumu, 176
knowledge. See also technological pedagogical and content knowledge
classroom and, 318
content, 305
cultural, 559
of digital technology, 533
in information age, 90–91
official, 25, 205
Papert in, 547
pedagogical, 528–30
pedagogical content, 569
personally situated, 319
technology and, 140, 533
transference of, 312–13
Koby Nanopads, 409
Kodable, 319
Kodály method, 194, 295
Koehler, M., 533
Koh, A., 60–62
Kolinski, M., 62
Kora, K., 333
Kriaras, E., 222
Kuhn, T., 342
Kuhn, W., 375
Kuzzy, 332
Kwaito, 335
Kwami, R., 176, 177
Lady Gaga, 423
Lakoff, G., 339
Lambert, A. D., 527
Lang, F., 18
language, 77, 339
computer, 655
of dance music, 425
digital studio and, 394
education and, 146–47
in Greece, 112
music as, 380
music education and, 340
remixes as, 393
technology and, 146–47, 317, 340
laptops. See also computers
Cuban on, 545
in education, 545
Larson, L., 640
Launch modes (Ableton Live), 387
Launchpad, 388
Laurillard, D., 319
Lave, J., 141, 208, 211
on communities of practice, 228
Lawler, P., on screens, 153
leaders, in community music, 460
learners
at-risk, 324
community of, 549–51
engagement of, 595
with exceptionalities, 440, 444
Freedman on, 413
Lum on, 413
prosumers as, 413–15
scaffolding, 464–65
twenty-first century, 422–23
universal design for, 439
video games and, 417
learning. See also education; mobile learning communities
augmentation of, 436–37
blended, 221
case-based work and, 578–79
change and, 649–51
computer-assisted, 100
control of, 221
critical listening and, 235–36
e-learning, 93f, 167, 168, 221, 655
game-based, 167
GarageBand, 528
ICT and, 161 (p. 684)
informal, 251–53, 263, 346, 423, 482–83
integrated, 93
with iPad, 134–35, 153, 440
joy in, 153
Logic Audio, 528
mediatization and, 258–59
MIDI, 528
Mixcraft, 528
nonformal learning communities, 505
online, 608
out-of-school music, 504–5
participation and, 263–64
place and, 515–16
Pro Tools, 528
professional development programs and, 611
professional learning communities, 599
rhythmic video games and, 195–96
self-directed, 167, 252
self-learning, 650
situating, 211
sound and, 515–16
technology and, 18, 221
trajectories, 591
universal design for, 439
YouTube and, 160, 476
Learning in an Online World: The School Action Plan for the Information Economy, 92
Learning Labs, 505
Learning Nation, 93
Learning Through Producing, 126
Leclercq, H., 423
Lenhar, A., 480
Lennon, John, 330
Leong, S., 3, 5, 123–25, 161–62
on globalization, 140
on ICT, 124, 137, 157
on music education, 481–82
on technology, 124
Leonhard, G., 357
Levitan, D., 379
liberal education, 154
liberalization, 137–38
liberation, technology and, 238
Liberia, 329, 335
Lievrouw, L., 66
Lifelong Kindergarten, 238
Lightman, A., 75–76
Lil Wayne, 235
Limerick University, 406
Lindsay, E., 194
linguistic relativity, 339
LinkedIn, 599
Lipscomb, S., on music education, 549
listening
analytical, 392
critical, 193, 235–36
defining, 425
mobile learning communities and, 165–66
in music curriculum, 169
literacy
critical, 341
digital, 90, 105–6, 138, 317, 319
Logic Audio, 185, 197, 399, 409, 571
learning and, 528
Logic Pro X, 370–71
Lomax, A., 62
loneliness, 152
long-distance courses, 221
LoopHD, 598
loops, 388
in GarageBand, 389
Loopseque, 598
López de la Madrid, M. C., 605
Lorenzino, L., 455
Lospalos, 451
Loveless, A., 628
Lum, C.-H., 3, 5, 75, 79, 403
on learners, 413
on teachers, 402
on technology, 433
on YouTube, 434–35
machine music, 560
Machover, T., 324
MacJams, 197
Mack, J., 61
Madden Foundation, 61
Madeon, 423, 426
MadPad, 442–43, 469
Maetzel, J., 72
(p. 685) Maghrebi music, 235
Magnusson, T., 391
Malawey, V., 389
Malawi, music education in, 584
Malaysia, 305
Malik, Z., 332
Manhattanville Music Curriculum Program, 635
Manifold (studio), 78
Mansfield, J., 25, 27n14
Mantie, R., 2–3
on music technology, 83
on technology, 138
Marcus, G. E., 59
Marcuse, H., 19
market forces, technology and, 140
Markus, 333
Marrington, M., 386
Marsh, K., 252
Marshall, W.
on pedagogical models, 303–4
on remixes, 393
Martin, C., 332, 411
Martinez, S. L., 497
Marx, K., 19
mashups, 393
massification, 659
massive open online courses (MOOCs), 158, 627, 628
completion of, 222
democratization and, 222
growth of, 221
mathematics
education and, 144–45
technology and, 144–45
Max/MSP, 320, 436
mbira, 237
McAllister, P., 633
McCartney, P., 236
McClary, S., 388
McDonald’s, 76–77
McGrail, E., 547
McLuhan, M., 19
MDI, 95
meaning, 455
Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), 333
media, music and, 33
media culture, 257
mediated music, 16
mediation, 75
mediatization
Buckingham on, 263
learning and, 258–59
pedagogical models and, 262–65
Medvinsky, M., 6, 7, 491
Meintjes, L., 60
melisma, 235
Melodica (app), 443f
Melodisia, 113
melody, 369–70
Melodyne, 320
“The Menace of Mechanical Music” (Sousa), 19, 23
MENC Handbook, 1
metaeducators, 143
metamodernism, 427
Metaphors We Live By (Lakoff and Johnson), 339
Metropolis (Lang), 18
Metropolitan Opera House, 73
Mexico, ICT in, 603
Middle Ages, 159–60
MIDI, 16, 22–23, 356, 436, 465
display, 380f
files, 378f
learning, 528
notation, 193, 371, 375
sequencing, 371, 383
MIDI keyboard, 242
Miller, A. L., 527
Miller, P. D., 304–5
Miller, R., 490
Mills, N., 318
minimalism, 379
Ministry of Education, 112–13
mirroring devices, 471–72
Mishra, P., 533
MIT, 324
Mixcraft (program), learning and, 528
mobile apps, 97, 132
mobile labs, 418
mobile learning communities, 163
composition and, 166–67
expectations of, 166f
listening and, 165–66
(p. 686) mobile phones, 41, 331, 596
Mobile Technologies Project (MTP), 7
case-based work and, 577–78
Modern Drummer (magazine), 210
Modern Times (Chaplin), 18
Modugno, A., 367
Moha, 246–47
Mokobé, 333
Monkey Drum, 238
Monson, I., 388
Montclair State University, 384
Moodle (management system), 530
Moog, 390
“Moonlight Sonata” (Beethoven), 378f
Moore, B., 425
More Music, 410
Morozov, E., 75–76, 152
on education, 150–51
Moser, P., 410
MOTU, 367
Moyer, M., 411
Moylan, W., 392
Mozart, 72, 304
MPC (Akai), 208
Mullen, P., 408, 411
multilocated experience, 206
Rodman on, 213–14
multimedia-based instruction, 100
teachers and, 641–42
multisensory feedback, 458–59
multitrack recording, 317
Munich, 619
Murs, O., 332
music. See also specific types
appreciation, 21
augmentation of, 432–33
Berber, 235
consumption of, 317
culture and, 59
daily experience of, 204
defining, 222–23
education and, 145–46
elements of, 425
formal, 423
globalization of, 97–98
health and, 246–47
human subjectivity and, 19
identity and, 34–35
industry, 101
in Kenya, 130–31
as language, 380
locating, 205
media and, 33
mediated, 16
without music education, 233–34
nonformal, 581–83
place and, 226
public health and, 330–31, 335
public policy and, 335
social engagement and, 304–5
society and, 32–33
standards in, 313
technology and, 145–46, 658
timing of, 497–98
written forms, 193
Music and Movement (radio program), 33–34
music curriculum, 499–500
approaches to, 661–62
change in, 640–44, 665–66
critical thinking in, 286–88
ICT in, 282
listening in, 169
music technology and, 282
performance in, 169
relevance of, 659–60
sequential, 635
software and, 391
technology-enhanced, 417–18, 660
vocational, 557
Williams, D. A., on, 667
music education, 1
in Africa, 177
agency in, 168
in Australia, 98–99, 656
barriers to, 221
Bauer on, 549
boredom and, 359
in Botswana, 584
change in, 342–43, 371
commodification and, 21–22
context of, 564 (p. 687)
in Cyprus, 114
daily practices, 125–27
defining, 175–76, 222–23
doorways to, 192–96
in Finland, 588–89
flow-centric view of, 385
formal, 153, 227, 384
formal concerts, 635
in Ghana, 584
globalization and, 101
graduate, 532
in Greece, 112–15
in Hong Kong, 99, 167–69
Howell on, 238
human determinism in, 314
identity and, 161
indigenous, 584
informal, 192, 193, 227
innovation and, 83
Internet and, 39, 91
Internet in, 107
in Kenya, 129–35, 585
Kigozi on, 238
language and, 340
legitimacy of, 265–68
Leong on, 481–82
literature, 481–83
in Malawi, 584
music culture and, 195–96
music technology and, 81–82, 84
music without, 233–34
in Nigeria, 584
nonformal, 175–76
nuance in, 313–14
Nzewi on, 582–83
opportunities for, 191–92
pedagogical models and, 265–68
Pignato on, 251
poietic spaces in, 203–4
principles, 500–501
in public school, 653
radical pedagogy in, 268–69
rhythmic video games and, 235
Rudolph on, 583
scholarship in, 582
Skype and, 408
slow food and, 76–77
social reality in, 126–27
specialization in, 116n2
structures in, 168
tablets in, 545
technological determinism and, 300
technology without, 206–11
in Texas, 69
traditional, 235
in twenty-first century, 422–23
in Uganda, 184
in United Kingdom, 546–47, 556–58
in United States, 69, 82, 98, 191, 546–47, 636, 651–52
Music Education for the Digital Age, 74, 76
Music Educators Journal, 213
Music Learning Profiles Project (MLPP), 206, 212, 213
Music Mark (journal), 409
Music National Curriculum, 37
technology in, 570
music program
of Acevedo, 295–96
of Christensen, 295
of Diamante, 296–97
music technologists, 401
music technology, 32–33, 71–72, 280–85
access issues and, 283–84
addressing, 394
in Africa, 178
applications of, 220
authentic, 563–65
Boehm on, 324
in classroom, 133
for composition, 73–74
concentration in, 325
concerns about, 74
costs of, 236–37
creativity and, 320
defining, 66, 657–58
development of, 81–82
ecological issues and, 283
economic issues and, 283
in English schools, 33–36
ethnomusicology and, 59 (p. 688)
in Finland, 125
gender and, 285
in Greece, 112–15
hip-hop and, 320
integration of, 597
in Kenya, 131–35
Kigozi on, 219, 220
Mantie on, 83
music curriculum and, 282
music education and, 81–82, 84
negative impacts of, 236–38
pedagogical models and, 84, 85
for performance, 73–74
potentialities of, 286
pushback against, 74–76
for recording, 73–74
resistance to, 85
Savage on, 583, 597
social structures and, 160–62
society and, 280–81
sociocultural issues, 282–83
specialization in, 325
suspicion of, 135
unexpected uses, 234–35
video and, 641
Music Technology, 35–36
music technology lab, in secondary school, 287
music theory, 368
Beethoven and, 379
composition and, 379
fluency and, 376–77
instructional materials, 378f
teaching, 375–80
music writing software, 132–33
musical beginners, teachers and, 244–45
musical engagement, augmentation of, 432–33
Musical Futures program, 506, 507
musical literacy, 342, 368–70
pedagogical models and, 400
musical tools, musicking and, 244–45
musicality
institutionalized, 359
technology and, 356, 409–10
musicians, 141n1, 203
autonomy of, 637–38
defining, 425
digital, 558–60
Green, J., on, 220
Hugill on, 558, 559
Rock Band and, 196
Savage on, 598
Small, 213
vulnerability of, 204–5
Webster on, 211
YouTube and, 207, 234
Musicians’ Workshop, 463, 598
musicianship, 342
digital studio and, 385–90
reimagining, 597–98
technology and, 409–10
musicking, 5, 241–42, 425
musical tools and, 244–45
technology and, 541
music-making, technology and, 197–99
Musition (program), 133
Mussorgsky, M., 37
mutual engagement, 228
MySpace, 197, 208
MySQL, 655
Nairobi, 178
narcissism, 492
National Association for Music Education (NAfME), 542, 544
National Association of Schools of Music (NASM), 543–44
National Association of Schools of Music, 640
National Core Arts Standards, 543
National Core Music Standards for Music Education, 542–43
National Curriculum for Music, 112
National Education Technology Plan, 92
National Goals for Schooling in the Twenty First Century, 92
National Music Council, 43n10
National Standards for Music Education, 542–43, 636
(p. 689) “Nauru Elegies” (Miller, P. D.), 304
neoliberalism, 137–38
Netflix, 73–74
networked technology, 476–77
New School, 109
New York, 207
New York Philharmonic Orchestra, 417
New York University, 384
Newton, A., 300–302
Nigeria, 179, 335
music education in, 584
Nilsson, B., 4–5
Nimbit, distribution through, 402
“No Child Left Behind,” 653–54
noise (music), 320
Nonesuch, 58
nonformal learning communities, 505
nonformal music, technology in, 581–83
NotateMe, 167
notation
in DAWs, 386
grafts, 372
on iPad, 167
MIDI, 193, 371, 375
in Rock Band, 194–95
standard, 370–72
Western, 369
Noteflight (program), 24
Noteworthy (program), 133
Notre Maison, 406, 407–8
Novation, 388
novice musicians, 97
Noxon, J., 633
NUMU, 506
Nzewi, M., on music education, 582–83
Oakley, G., 546
Objective C., 319
objects, Aristotle on, 138
obsolescence, of technology, 319
Ocarina and Guitar!, 414
O’Connor, S., 332
Oehler, E., 584
official knowledge, 25, 205
Ojala, J., on technology, 590
On Becoming a Rock Musician (Bennett), 205
O’Neill, S., 279, 282, 284
online collaboration, 476
online learning, 608
online music communities, 127, 482
as communities of practice, 228
place and, 229
recombinance in, 228
research into, 227
sharing through, 197–98
Onwenu, O., 330
Open Educational Resources, 91
Open Sound Control (OSC), 436
open source software, 482
OpenSoundS project, 625–26
opera companies, 346
Opportunity-to-Learn Standards for Music Technology, 543
Ora, R., 332
oral processes, 638
oral-aural tradition, in Africa, 177–78
orchestras, 346
Orff training, 295, 406
Orff xylophone, 390
ORFI, 245
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), 105, 106, 116n1, 138, 625
origination, 661, 662
ostinati, 379
out-of-school music learning, 504–5
oxytocin, 246
Pan African Society for Musical Arts Education (PASMAE), 176, 180, 581, 583
on technology, 177
Papert, S.
on knowledge, 547
on technology, 541–42, 544
Parikka, M., 125
participation, 66–67
Buckingham on, 267
creativity and, 259
learning and, 263–64
Partti on, 341
peripheral, 212
participatory culture, 259
Partti, H., 3, 246, 320, 325
on participation, 341
on pedagogical models, 340–41
passeur culturel, 341
pause tape productions, 234
Payne, L., 332
pedagogical content knowledge, 569
pedagogical models, 312
alternate, 640–41
aural processes in, 638
autonomy in, 637–38
change in, 636–40
concerts in, 639
courses on, 544
critical, 258
de Vugt on, 599–600
development of, 526
digital, 169
digital arts, 415–16
of digital studio, 390–92
emerging, 528–30
ensemble size in, 637
facilitator in, 579
fundamentalist, 258, 260–62, 340–41
Gall on, 599–600
Greher on, 592
knowledge, 528–30
Marshall on, 303–4
mashups, 304
mediatization and, 262–65
music education and, 265–68
music technology and, 84, 85
musical literacy and, 400
oral processes in, 638
Partti on, 340–41
populist, 258, 260–62, 340–41
radical, 258
Sammer on, 599–600
sound, 544
teacher-centered, 635, 639–40
technological determinism and, 261–62
technology and, 204, 346–47, 481
traditional, 636
pedagogical processes, technology as, 577
Pegrum, M., 546
Peluso, D. C. C., 282, 284
Pennell, J. R., 608
Peppler, K., 4, 6, 219, 235
on distribution, 228
on place, 225
on play, 252–53
on privilege, 250
on technology, 229, 249
perception reaction experiences, 582
performance, 596
augmentation of, 435–36
defining, 425
digital, 641
doorways to, 192–96
in music curriculum, 169
music technology for, 73–74
paradigms of, 313
Rock Band and, 195
telematic, 209
peripheral participation, 212
personal computers, 145
personalization, 161
personally situated knowledge, 319
Pestano, C., 408–9
Peters, V., 340, 341, 592
on teachers, 592
Petrini, C., 76–77
Pew Internet surveys, 480
Philips (company), 129
philosophy, 110–11
of education, 150, 464–65
Phonogramm-Archiv, 58
phonograph, Reimer on, 369
Photodentro, 114
Photodentro EduVideo, 110
Photodentro Repository, 110
Photodetro LOR, 110
PHP, 655
phronesis, 139
piano, 356
piano keyboard, 22–23, 129
pickups, 205
(p. 691) Pignato, J. M., 3, 219
on communities of response, 228–29
on humanity, 249
on music education, 251
on place, 225
on privilege, 250
on technology, 227, 234, 249
Pinkard, N., 506
Pinterest, 467
pitch, Hugill on, 558
place
defining, 511–12
Feld on, 512
Kigozi on, 225
learning and, 515–16
literature on, 513–14
music and, 226
online music communities and, 229
Peppler on, 225
Pignato on, 225
sound and, 512–14
teaching and, 515–16
tuning of, 514–15
Plato, 19
play, 457–59
innovation and, 253–54
Peppler on, 252–53
technology and, 251–53
pleasure, 77
pluralism, 421
plurality, 285
Pogonowski, L., 325
poiësis, 139
Heidegger on, 17–18
poietic spaces, in music education, 203–4
policy, technology and, 140
Poll Everywhere, 465
Popplet, 465
popular culture, 237, 241
popular music, 84
Porsdam, H., 60–62
Portnoy, M., 210–11
Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE), 569–70
trainees in, 571
posthumanism, 19
poverty, 330
Kigozi on, 236
practices, 66
pragmatism, 384, 591
praxis, 139
addressing social and cultural issues through, 302–5
informing, 303
shock, 576–77
Prensky, M., 424, 491
on digital natives, 621
preservice teachers, 527–28, 532
Dorfman on, 570
Greher on, 570
technology and, 634–35
in United Kingdom, 571
pressure points, 158–59
Price, D., 422
Prince, 388
privatization, of education, 137–38
privilege
Peppler on, 250
Pignato on, 250
Pro Tools (program), 133, 185, 356, 384
learning and, 528
proactivity, 623–26
producing, 385
products, creativity and, 416
professional development programs, 628
continual, 626–27
learning and, 611
strategies, 609–11
teaching and, 611
technology and, 608–9
professional learning communities, 599
Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), 106, 111, 115
progression pathways, 506–8
progressive rock, 210
Propellerhead, 195, 391
prosumers, 25, 660
defining, 414
Jam2Jam and, 414–15
as learners, 413–15
SoundCloud and, 414
Spotify and, 414
YouTube and, 414
(p. 692) Provocation Questions, 16, 137, 138, 146
public health, music and, 330–31, 335
public policy, music and, 335
public school
in Kenya, 130
music education in, 653
publishing, on YouTube, 209
punk, 34
Purves, R., 24, 491, 623, 629
on teachers, 623
putonghua, 165
Q-Tip, 234–35
quantization, 373–75
in Ableton Live, 387, 390
in DAWs, 390
quarter notes, 373–74
Quebec, 277–78
“Queen of the Night” (Mozart), 304
Queen’s University, 74
Queensland Conservatorium, 655, 659
Queensland University, 406
“Race to the Top,” 653–54
radical pedagogy, 258
in music education, 268–69
radio, 33
in Uganda, 184
in West Africa, 331
Radio Luxembourg, 34
Radiohead Remix (Reich), 426
raï, 235
Rainbow International School, 185
Rainie, L., 479, 480
Rancière, J., 345
on education, 347–48
rap, 197. See also hip-hop
battles, 207
Rasinen, A., 125
Rathbone, M., 409
real-world divide, 576–77
Reason (program), 195, 384
Rebirth (program), 384
recombinance, in online music communities, 228
reconstruction, 661
recording
analog, 186
digital, 186
music technology for, 73–74
teaching, 367, 641
techniques, 367
Rediffusion, 355
Reese, S., 423, 633
reference groups, 360
reflection
encouraging, 531
of students, 531
YouTube in, 531
reflection-in-action, 531
refusers, 506–7
Regelski, T.
on techné, 139
on technology, 139
Reich, S., 379, 388, 426
Reimer, B., 368, 378f
on phonograph, 369
on technology, 371
Reisinger, C., 599
remixes
as language, 393
Marshall on, 393
Weidenbaum on, 393
repetition, Adorno on, 388
Resnick, M., 391, 504
resources, 472–73
Bernstein on, 349
Re-thinking Pedagogy for a Digital Age (Laurillard), 319
rhizomatic structure, 365
technology and, 433
rhythm, 145–46, 373–75
defining, 374
Hugill on, 558–59
rhythmic video games, 192–