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date: 23 January 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Chapter 1 focuses on Christianity in the Middle East, which is significant since the region is the birthplace of Jesus Christ; it is therefore the root of Christianity. The diminishing number of Christians in the Middle East has been attributed to several reasons, including political and economic ones, and has been a cause for concern. This chapter endeavors to express the current situation in the region in a more comprehensible manner. It starts with a brief historical overview and continues on to discuss central topics such as the meaningful interaction between Christianity and Islam, and how this has led to the development of an Islamic context within Christianity. The concept of “Arab Christianity” is then discussed, together with the conflicts involved between the idea and ethnical thinking among Christian groups.

Keywords: Middle East, Jesus Christ, root of Christianity, Islam, Islamic context, Arab Christianity, ethnical thinking

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