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date: 23 February 2019

(p. ix) Contributors

(p. ix) Contributors

Ashok Aklujkar is a Sanskritist and Indologist. He is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Asian Studies at the University of British Columbia. There he taught courses in Sanskrit language and in the related mythological and philosophical literatures from 1969 to 2006. His published research is mostly in the areas of Sanskrit linguistic tradition and poetics. He has been a visiting professor at Hamburg, Harvard, Rome, Kyoto, Paris, Oxford, Marburg, and Pune. He is the author of the textbook Sanskrit: An Easy Introduction to an Enchanting Language. He received an honorary D.Litt from the Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan, New Delhi, in 2012.



Dan Arnold is Associate Professor of Philosophy of Religions at the University of Chicago Divinity School. He is the author of Buddhists, Brahmins, and Belief: Epistemology in South Asian Philosophy of Religion (Columbia University Press, 2005), and Brains, Buddhas, and Believing: The Problem of Intentionality in Classical Buddhist and Cognitive-Scientific Philosophy of Mind (Columbia University Press, 2012). He works chiefly on Indian Buddhist philosophy, which he engages in philosophically constructive ways.



Piotr Balcerowicz is Professor of Indian Philosophy and Oriental Studies at the University of Warsaw, Poland. He specializes in philosophical traditions of Asia and the West, with emphasis on Indian epistemology and non-Brahmanic philosophical schools. His latest books include Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies, Vol. 14: Jaina Philosophy, Part II (co-edited with Karl Potter, Motilal Banarsidass, 2013), Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies, Vol. 17: Jaina Philosophy, Part III (co-edited with Karl Potter, Motilal Banarsidass, 2014), Early Asceticism in India. Ājīvikism and Jainism (Routledge, 2016), History of Classical Indian Philosophy. Part III: Non-Brahmanical Schools–Ājīvikism and Jainism (Wydawnictwo Akademickie Dialog, 2016).



Ramkrishna Bhattacharya is affiliated to the Pavlov Institute, Kolkata. He writes on the history of ideas, the history of science in India, the history of modern India, and philosophy (especially the Cārvāka/Lokāyata system, materialism, and rationalism). His books include Studies on the Cārvāka/Lokāyata (Anthem, 2009), and Emergence of Materialism in India (Acharya Nagarjuna University, 2013).



Nalini Bhushan is Professor of Philosophy at Smith College. She grew up in Chennai, South India, and received her Ph.D. at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. She regularly teaches courses in aesthetics; the philosophy of language, mind, and science; Friedrich Nietzsche; the varieties of global cosmopolitanism; and classical and (p. x) contemporary Indian philosophy. Most recently she has co-edited an anthology entitled Indian Philosophy in English: From Renaissance to Independence (with Jay Garfield, Oxford University Press, 2011). She is currently co-authoring a book entitled Minds Without Fear: Philosophy in the Indian Renaissance (with Jay Garfield, Oxford University Press, 2017). This monograph examines the many ways in which the Indian philosophical tradition encounters secular and cosmopolitan modernity, while situated in the broad and complicated context of British colonial rule.



Akeel Bilgrami is the Sidney Morgenbesser Professor in the Philosophy Department, a Professor in the Committee on Global Thought, and the Director of the South Asian Institute, at Columbia University. His published works include Belief and Meaning (Blackwell, 1992), Self-Knowledge and Resentment (Harvard University Press, 2006), Secularism, Identity, and Enchantment (Harvard University Press, 2014). He has two short forthcoming books, Gandhi’s Integrity and What Is a Muslim?, and a longer book-length project on the relation between practical reason and agency.



Monima Chadha is Head of Philosophy of the Philosophy Program at Monash University. Her principal research area is the cross-cultural and interdisciplinary philosophy of mind, specifically classical Indian and contemporary Western philosophy of mind. She has published in leading academic journals like Philosophy East and West; Phenomenology and Cognitive Sciences; and Review of Philosophy and Psychology. Currently she is writing a book on the philosophical evolution of mind in Buddhism and its centrality to the doctrine in the absence of self.



François Chenet is Professor of Indian Philosophy and Comparative Philosophy at the University of Paris-Sorbonne (Paris-IV). His areas of interest are Indian philosophy, comparative philosophy (Western/Indian philosophy) and philosophy of religion. He has published (in French): The Indian Philosophy (Armand Colin, 1998); Psychogenesis and Cosmogony according to the Yoga-Vāsiṣṭha (Publications of Collège de France n° 67, 2 vols., 1998–1999); and The Time (Armand Colin, 2000). He has edited the « Cahier de l’Herne » Nirvāṇa (L’Herne, 1993) and Language Categories and Thought Categories in West and East (L’Harmattan, 2005). He is the author of more than fifty research papers and book reviews.



Francis X. Clooney, SJ, is Parkman Professor of Divinity and Professor of Comparative Theology and, was the Director of the Center for the Study of World Religions, at Harvard University, 2010–2017. His primary areas of Indological scholarship are theological commentarial writings in the Sanskrit and Tamil traditions of Hindu India. He is the author of numerous articles and books, including Thinking Ritually: Retrieving the Purva Mimamsa of Jaimini (De Nobili Research Library, 1990), Theology after Vedanta: An Experiment in Comparative Theology (State University of New York Press, 1993), Beyond Compare: St. Francis de Sales and Sri Vedanta Deshika on Loving Surrender to God (Georgetown University Press, 2008), The Truth, the Way, the Life: Christian Commentary on the Three Holy Mantras of the Shrivaisnava Hindus (Peeters Publishing, 2008), and Comparative Theology: Deep Learning across Religious (p. xi) Borders (Wiley-Blackwell, 2010), and His Hiding Place Is Darkness: A Hindu-Catholic Theopoetics of Divine Absence (Stanford University Press, 2013). His latest books are How To Do Comparative Theology, which he co-edited with Klaus von Stosch (Fordham University Press, 2017) and The Future of Hindu-Christian Studies: A Theological Inquiry (Routledge, 2017).



Christian Coseru is Associate Professor of Philosophy in the Department of Philosophy at the College of Charleston. He received his PhD from the Australian National University. He is the author of Perceiving Reality: Consciousness, Intentionality, and Cognition in Buddhist Philosophy (Oxford University Press, 2012), and of numerous articles including “Mind in Indian Buddhist Philosophy” and “Freedom from Responsibility: Agent Neutral Consequentialism and the Bodhisattva Ideal.” He is writing a new introduction to Buddhist philosophy of mind, Moments of Consciousness, suitable for integration into mainstream philosophical curricula.



Matthew R. Dasti is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Bridgewater State University. His research to date has focused on the early Nyāya tradition and the relationship between its theory of knowledge and its core metaphysical commitments. He is co-editor, with Edwin Bryant, of Free Will, Agency, and Selfhood in Indian Philosophy (Oxford University Press, 2014) and co-author, with Stephen Phillips, of The Nyāya-sūtra: Selections with Early Commentaries (Hackett, 2017). He has published in various journals and collections including Philosophy East and West, Asian Philosophy, and History of Philosophy Quarterly.



Donald R. Davis, Jr., is Associate Professor of Sanskrit and Indian Religions in the Department of Asian Studies at the University of Texas at Austin. His publications include several studies of jurisprudence and legal theory in classical and medieval India. His major work in this area to date is The Spirit of Hindu Law (Cambridge University Press, 2010).



Christopher G. Framarin is Associate Professor, University of Calgary, Department of Philosophy and Department of Classics and Religion. His research focuses on philosophies of India. He is the author of Desire and Motivation in Indian Philosophy (Routledge, 2009) and Hinduism and Environmental Ethics: Law, Literature, and Philosophy (Routledge, 2014). He is currently working on a book that considers the implications of ascetic ideals on a theory of the good life.



Jonardon Ganeri is Global Network Professor, Faculty of Arts and Science, New York University, Visiting Professor of Philosophy at King’s College London, and Professorial Research Associate at the School of Oriental and African Studies, London. His research interests are in consciousness, self, attention, the epistemology of inquiry, the idea of philosophy as a practice and its relationship with literary form, case-based reasoning, multiple-category ontologies, non-classical logics, realism in the theory of meaning, the history of ideas in early modern South Asia, the polycentricity of modernity, cosmopolitanism, and cross-cultural hermeneutics, intellectual affinities between India, Greece, and China, and early Buddhist philosophy of mind. His (p. xii) books include Attention, Not Self (Oxford University Press, 2017); The Self: Naturalism, Consciousness, and the First-Person Stance (Oxford University Press, 2012); The Lost Age of Reason: Philosophy in Early Modern India 1450–1700 (Oxford University Press, 2011); The Concealed Art of the Soul (Oxford University Press, 2007); and Philosophy in Classical India: The Proper Work of Reason (Routledge, 2001). He is a Fellow of the British Academy, and laureate of the Infosys Prize in the Humanities 2015. He has been named by Open Magazine one of India’s “50 Open Minds” in 2016.



Jay L. Garfield is Doris Silbert Professor in the Humanities and Professor of Philosophy, Logic, and Buddhist Studies at Smith College, Visiting Professor of Buddhist Philosophy at Harvard Divinity School, Professor of Philosophy at Melbourne University, and Adjunct Professor of Philosophy at the Central University of Tibetan Studies. He is a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Humanities. His research addresses topics in the foundations of cognitive science and the philosophy of mind; the history of Indian philosophy during the colonial period; topics in ethics, epistemology and the philosophy of logic; methodology in cross-cultural interpretation; and topics in Buddhist philosophy, particularly Indo-Tibetan Madhyamaka and Yogācāra. His most recent books are Minds Without Fear: Philosophy in the Indian Renaissance (with Nalini Bhushan, Oxford University Press, 2017), Dignāga’s Investigation of the Percept: A Philosophical Legacy in India and Tibet (with Douglas Duckworth, David Eckel, John Powers, Yeshes Thabkhas, and Sonam Thakchöe; Oxford University Press, 2016), Engaging Buddhism: Why It Matters to Philosophy (Oxford University Press, 2015), Moonpaths: Ethics and Emptiness (with the Cowherds, Oxford University Press, 2015) and (edited, with Jan Westerhoff), Madhyamaka and Yogācāra: Allies or Rivals? (Oxford University Press, 2015).



Jonathan C. Gold is Associate Professor of Religion at Princeton University. He is interested in how Buddhist philosophers in India and Tibet theorized language, translation, and learning in such a way as to preserve tradition while defending anti-realism. His book Paving the Great Way: Vasubandhu’s Unifying Buddhist Philosophy (Columbia University Press, 2015), traces a continuity of philosophical interest and purpose across diverse works attributed to one of Buddhism’s greatest philosophers, for whom Buddhist hermeneutics and soteriology are grounded within a strict, causally indexed relativism. His first book, The Dharma’s Gatekeepers: Sakya Paṇḍita on Buddhist Scholarship in Tibet (State University of New York Press, 2007), explains the unique perspective of a great thirteenth-century Tibetan philosopher, for whom the continuity of elite intellectual traditions provides the key to preserving legitimate textual readings and effective Buddhist practice. His work has appeared in Philosophy East and West, Asian Philosophy, and Religion Compass. Current projects include studies in Buddhist ethics through the Tibetan “Three Vows” (sdom gsum) literature and Śāntideva’s Bodhicaryāvatāra, and a trans-national history of the doctrine of nonviolence.



Charles Goodman is a Professor in the Philosophy Department and the Department of Asian and Asian-American Studies at Binghamton University. He has published articles on Buddhist philosophy and applied ethics, as well as translations from Sanskrit. He is (p. xiii) the author of two books: Consequences of Compassion: An Interpretation and Defense of Buddhist Ethics (Oxford University Press, 2009) and The Training Anthology of Śāntideva: A Translation of the Śikṣā-samuccaya (Oxford University Press, 2016).



Marie-Hélène Gorisse is senior teaching fellow on Indian philosophy at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, and at Ghent University. She is specialized in theories of knowledge and argumentation in Jainism, as well as in their links with Buddhist and Naiyāyika theory. After a diploma in Sanskrit and a PhD in logic at the University of Lille, she investigated the Jaina conception of inference in the work of Prabhācandra as a postdoctoral fellow in Ghent University. She has recently extended this research by exploring the types of conflict-resolution strategies in Jaina argumentative texts as a Gonda fellow at the International Institute of Asian Studies in Leiden.



Gopal Guru is Professor at the Centre for Political Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. He has published in the field of moral and political philosophy, and on Indian debate in theory and practice. His ongoing philosophical interest is in modern Buddhism, political phenomenology, and the metaphysics of emancipation.



Maria Heim is Professor of Religion at Amherst College. She specializes on Pali Buddhism, but teaches and writes on Indian thought systems quite broadly. Her most recent book is The Forerunner of All Things: Buddhaghosa on Mind, Intention, and Agency (Oxford University Press, 2014). She is currently writing a book on Buddhaghosa’s theory of scripture and textual practice, and another on classical Indian theories of emotion.



Matthew T. Kapstein is Numata Visiting Professor at the University of Chicago. He specializes in the history of Buddhist philosophy in India and Tibet, as well as in the cultural history of Tibetan Buddhism more generally. He has published over a dozen books and numerous articles, among the most recent of which are a general introduction to Tibetan cultural history, The Tibetans (Oxford University Press, 2006), an edited volume on Sino-Tibetan religious relations, Buddhism Between Tibet and China (Wisdom, 2009), and a translation of an eleventh-century philosophical allegory in the acclaimed Clay Sanskrit Series, The Rise of Wisdom Moon (New York University Press, 2009). With Kurtis Schaeffer and Gray Tuttle, he has completed Sources of Tibetan Traditions, published in the Columbia University Press Sources of Asian Traditions series in 2013. Kapstein is additionally Director of Tibetan Studies at the École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris.



Kei Kataoka is Associate Professor of Indian Philosophy at Kyushu University. His publications include critical editions of Śabara’s commentary, Kumārila’s Ślokavārttika and Tantravārttika, Sucarita’s Kāśikā, Jayanta’s Nyāyamañjarī and Nyāyakalikā, and Aghoraśiva’s Tattvasaṃgrahalaghuṭīkā. His recent book, Kumārila on Truth, Omniscience, and Killing (Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, 2011) deals with a Brahmanical defense of the authoritativeness of the Vedic scripture. (p. xiv)



Birgit Kellner is Director of the Institute for the Cultural and Intellectual History of Asia at the Austrian Academy of Sciences, after having served as Professor for Buddhist Studies at the University of Heidelberg, where she was recently also awarded an Honorary Professorship. She holds an MA (Mag. phil.) in Tibetan and Buddhist Studies from the University of Vienna and a PhD in Indian Philosophy from the University of Hiroshima. Her research addresses topics in epistemology, logic and the philosophy of mind in classical Indian philosophy, chiefly in the Dharmakīrtian tradition. Kellner's publications incluce critical editions of works by Jñānaśrīmitra, and studies on post-Dharmakīrtian controversies about the knowledge of non-existence, the nature of consciousness, and the status of intentional objects. Recent noteworthy articles are “Changing Frames in Buddhist Thought: The Concept of ākāra in Abhidharma and in Buddhist Epistemological Analysis” in the Journal of Indian Philosophy 42/2-3 (2014), and, co-authored with John Taber, “Studies in Yogācāra-Vijñānavāda idealism I: The interpretation of Vasubandhu's Viṃśikā” in Asiatische Studien/Études Asiatiques 68/3 (2014).



Christopher Minkowski is Boden Professor of Sanskrit in the University of Oxford. Formerly he was professor of Asian Studies and Classics at Cornell University. He has held visiting appointments at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris, the Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Berlin, the von-Humboldt Universität, Berlin, and the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies, Delhi. He is currently working on a monograph on Nīlakaṇṭha Caturdhara, and on a reader in the history of Indian astronomy. His philosophical interests are primarily in Advaita Vedānta in the early modern period.



Shankar Nair is Assistant Professor, Department of Religious Studies, University of Virginia. He has a PhD from Harvard University. His research centers on Muslim–Hindu interactions and the encounter between Arabic, Sanskrit, and Persian intellectual cultures in early modern South Asia. He also publishes on the intellectual history of the Indian subcontinent more generally, including broader traditions of South Asian Sufism, Islamic philosophy, and Hindu philosophy and theology, particularly Advaita Vedānta. His current book project explores Mughal-era translations of the Sanskrit Laghu-Yoga-Vāsiṣṭha into Persian as a site of interaction between Hindu and Islamic philosophy.



Andrew J. Nicholson is Associate Professor in the Department of Asian & Asian American Studies and the Department of Philosophy at Stony Brook University. His first book, Unifying Hinduism: Philosophy and Identity in Indian Intellectual History (Columbia University Press, 2010) won the award for Best First Book in the History of Religions from the American Academy of Religion. His second book, Lord Śiva’s Song: The Īśvara Gītā (State University of New York Press, 2014) is an annotated translation of a Pāśupata philosophical dialogue from eighth-century India. His areas of research include philosophy of religion, Indian intellectual history, and comparative hermeneutics. (p. xv)



Stephen H. Phillips is Professor of Philosophy and Asian Studies at the University of Texas at Austin, and he has been Visiting Professor of Philosophy at the University of Hawaii, Manoa, and Jadavpur University, Kolkata. The author of seven books, including Yoga, Karma, and Rebirth (Columbia University Press, 2009) named by Choice an “Outstanding Academic Title,” he has more recently published Classical Indian Epistemology: The Knowledge Sources of the Nyāya School (Routledge, 2012), which presents classical Indian views in terminology suited for philosophy professionals. Phillips has teamed with N. S. Ramanuja Tatacharya to translate and explain the perception chapter of the massive and monumental fourteenth-century Tattvacintāmaṇi by Gaṅgeśa (American Institute of Buddhist Studies, 2004 and Motilal Banarsidass, 2008); a translation of the inference chapter will appear shortly.



Rajam Raghunathan was Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Hawaii. She has written on various aspects of Indian philosophy, and has expertise too in Greek philosophy.



Isabelle Ratié is Professor of Sanskrit Language and Literatures at the Sorbonne Nouvelle University, Paris. She has published several monographs on Śaiva and Buddhist philosophies: Le Soi et l’Autre: Identité, différence et altérité dans la philosophie de la Pratyabhijñā (Brill, 2011, Weller Prize 2012); Une Critique bouddhique du Soi selon la Mīmāṃsā (ÖAW, 2014); and with Vincent Eltschinger, Self, No-Self, and Salvation: Dharmakīrti’s Critique of the Notions of Self and Person (ÖAW, 2013). She has also co-edited with Eli Franco the collective volume Around Abhinavagupta: Aspects of the Intellectual History of Kashmir from the Ninth to the Eleventh Century (LIT Verlag, 2016). She is currently editing and translating fragments, recently discovered by her, of Utpaladeva’s lost Vivṛti on the Pratyabhijñā treatise, and she is working with Vincent Eltschinger, Michael Torsten Much, and John Taber on a translation of Dharmakīrti’s Pramāṇavārttika 1 (section on apoha).



Mark Siderits taught analytic Asian philosophy, most recently in the Philosophy Department of Seoul National University, retiring in 2012. His research interests lie in the intersection between classical Indian philosophy, on the one hand, and analytic metaphysics and philosophy of language, on the other. Among his more recent publications are Buddhism as Philosophy (Ashgate/Hackett, 2007), Personal Identity and Buddhist Philosophy: Empty Persons (2nd ed., Ashgate, 2015) and, together with Shōryū Katsura, Nāgārjuna’s Middle Way: Mūlamadhyamakakārikā (Wisdom, 2013). He has also edited several volumes of research on Indian/analytic philosophy. A collection of his papers on Buddhist philosophy, Studies in Buddhist Philosophy (Oxford University Press, 2016), was edited by Jan Westerhoff.



Shalini Sinha is Lecturer in Non-Western Philosophy, University of Reading. Her research interests include Hindu conceptions of self, agency, and order; topics in Hindu and Buddhist ethics and metaphysics; and Jaina philosophy of mind. She is currently working on a book on the metaphysics of self in the work of the classical Vaiśeṣika philosopher Praśastapāda, and developing a wider research and teaching program in (p. xvi) “cosmopolitan” and “global” philosophy, including cross-cultural approaches to contemporary social issues.



Justin E. H. Smith is Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at the Université Paris Diderot (Paris 7). He is the author, most recently, of The Philosopher: A History in Six Types (Princeton University Press, 2016), and of the forthcoming A Global History of Philosophy, to 1750 (also from Princeton).



John Taber is Regents’ Professor of Philosophy at the University of New Mexico. He has written mostly on Advaita Vedānta, Mīmāṃsā, Indian logic, and Buddhist epistemology; however, there is nothing in Indian philosophy, or for that matter Western philosophy, that does not interest him. His major publications include Transformative Philosophy: A Study of Akara, Fichte, and Heidegger (University of Hawaii Press, 1983); Kumārila on Perception: A Hindu Critique of Buddhist Epistemology (RoutledgeCurzon, 2005); and Can the Veda Speak? Dharmakīrti Against Mīmāṃsā Exegetics and Vedic Authority: An Annotated Translation of PVSV 164,24–176,16 (with Vincent Eltschinger and Helmut Krasser; Austrian Academy of Sciences, 2012). He is currently working with Kei Kataoka on a translation of the chapter on apoha of Kumārila’s Ślokavārttika, and with Vincent Eltschinger, Michael Torsten Much, and Isabelle Ratié on a translation of the apoha section of the first chapter of Dharmakīrti’s Pramāṇavārttika.



Tom J. F. Tillemans is professor emeritus of Buddhist Studies in the Faculty of Letters at the University of Lausanne in Switzerland. Buddhist logic and epistemology, Madhyamaka philosophy, and comparative philosophy have been his long-term research interests. He now serves as editor in chief for the 84000 project, tasked with translating Buddhist canonical literature from Tibetan and Sanskrit. His publications include How Do Mādhyamikas Think? And Other Essays on the Buddhist Philosophy of the Middle. Studies in Indian and Tibetan Buddhism (Wisdom, 2016).



Vincenzo Vergiani is Senior Lecturer in Sanskrit at the Faculty of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, University of Cambridge. His main areas of research are the Sanskrit grammatical traditions and the history of linguistic ideas in ancient South Asia. During 2011–2014 he launched and directed the project “The Intellectual and Religious Traditions of South Asia as Seen through the Sanskrit Manuscript Collections of the University Library, Cambridge.” He has co-edited Studies in the Kāśikāvṛtti: The Section on Pratyāhāras. Critical edition, Translation and other Contributions (Anthem, 2009), and Bilingual Discourse and Cross-Cultural Fertilisation: Sanskrit and Tamil in Medieval India (Pondicherry Institute of Linguistics and Culture, 2013). At present he is working on the translation and study of the Sādhanasamuddeśa, the chapter on the factors of action in the third book of Bhartṛhari’s Vākyapadīya.



Jan Westerhoff is Associate Professor of Religious Ethics at the University of Oxford, a Fellow and Tutor in Theology and Religion at Lady Margaret Hall, University of Oxford, and a Research Associate at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. His publications include Nāgārjuna’s Madhyamaka (Oxford University Press, 2009), (p. xvii) The Dispeller of Disputes: Nāgārjuna’s Vigrahavyāvartanī (Oxford University Press, 2010), and Reality: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2011). His research concentrates on systematic aspects of ancient Indian philosophy, especially on Madhyamaka.



Michael Williams has been a Research Fellow at the Universities of Vienna and Leiden. He is primarily interested in metaphysics in India in the late medieval and early modern periods. He has published a number of articles on the Mādhva (or “Dvaita”) school of philosophy, particularly on their defense of realism against the anti‐realist arguments of the Advaita Vedāntins. He has also written on the epistemology and metaphysics of the Nyāya and Vaiśeṣika schools and was recently employed at the University of Vienna on a project to critically edit the Nyāyabhāṣya of Vātsyāyana.



(p. xviii)