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date: 20 November 2018

(p. xix) Timeline: Indian Philosophy in a Hundred Thinkers

(p. xix) Timeline

Indian Philosophy in a Hundred Thinkers

Abbreviations

P. Index

Karl Potter, Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies, Part I: Listed by Authors’ Dates (http://faculty.washington.edu/kpotter/xhome.htm)

EAST

Epistemology and Argumentation in South Asia and Tibet (http://east.uni-hd.de/buddh/ind/persons/)

PIPDI

Robert Wisnovski, Post-classical Islamic Philosophy Database Initiative (http://islamsci.mcgill.ca/RASI/pipdi.html)

P-I

Perso-Indica, An Analytical Survey of Persian Works on Indian Learned Traditions (http://perso-indica.net/index.faces)

cent.

century

c.

circa (“approximately”, i.e., even more appoximate than is the norm)

fl.

flourished

d.

died

w.

probably lived within the interval

(p. xx)

Author

Date

Best Known Work

Discussant

P. Index

Origins: Philosophies of Path and Purpose

Uddālaka, Yājñavalkya, Śāṇḍilya, et al.

c.7th–6th cent. BCE

Views Recorded in Bṛhadāraṇyaka and Chāndogya Upaniṣad

Mahāvīra Jina

c.599–527 BCE

Views Recorded in the Āgama

The Buddha

566–486/480–400 bce

Views Recorded in the Nikāya

Payāsi, Makkali Gosāla, Ajita Kesakambala, et al.

c.5th–4th cent. bce

Views Recorded in the Nikāya

Bhattacharya

5th–1st cent. bce

Later Upaniṣads

Bhattacharya

Kauṭilya

c.370–283 bce

Arthaśāstra

Moggalaputra Tissa

c.240 bce

Kathāvatthu

8

“Vyāsa”

200 bce–200 ce

Mahābhārata

Bhattacharya

Patañjali

c.150 bce

Mahābhāṣya

Aklujkar

w.100 bce–50 ce

Milinda-pañhā

21

Legacies of Sutta and Sūtra: Philosophy Before Dignāga

Jaimini

w.250 bce–50 ce

Mīmāṃsā-sūtra

Cooney; Aklujkar

22

Bādarāyaṇa

w.250 bce–50 ce

Brahma-sūtra

Aklujkar

23

Kaṇāda/Ulūka

w.0–250

Vaiśeṣika-sūtra

Sinha; Aklujkar

29

Gautama/Akṣapāda

w.150–250

Nyāya-sūtra

Dasti; Aklujkar; Gorisse

48

Nāgārjuna

w.100–250

Mūlamadhyamaka-kārikā

Westerhoff; Tillemans

47

“Manu”

w.100–300

Mānava-dharma-śāstra

Davis; Guru

Āryadeva

w.180–280

Catuḥśataka

Tillemans

50

“Kundakunda”

w.200–400

[many attributed]

Balcerowicz

196A

Śabara

w.200–400

Mīmāṃsāsūtra-bhāṣya

Raghunathan

198

Patañjali

w.325–425

Pātañjala-yoga-śāstra

Framarin; Nicholson

131; 235

Īśvarakṛṣṇa

c.400

Sāṃkhya-kārikā

Aklujkar

163

Asaṅga

c.340–420

Yogācārabhūmi

Gold; Chadha

174

Vasubandhu

c.350–430

Abhidharmakośa-bhāṣya

Gold; Arnold; Kellner

175

Umāsvāti

c.400

Tattvārthādhigama-bhāṣya

Balcerowicz

196B

Buddhaghosa

w.400–500

Visuddhi-magga

Heim

210

“Tiruvaḷḷuvar”

w.400–600

Tirukkuṟaḷ

Vātsyāyana

c.450

Nyāya-bhāṣya

Dasti

220

Bhartṛhari

w.400–500

Vākyapadīya

Vergiani

221

The Age of Dialogue: A Sanskrit Cosmopolis

Dignāga

480–540

Pramāṇa-samuccaya

Taber & Kataoka; Chadha; Gorisse

268; EAST

Praśastapāda

c. 530

Padārthadharmasaṃgraha

Sinha

278

Cīttalai Cāttaṉār

w.500–600

Maṇimēkalai

Bhattacharya

295

Bhāviveka

c.500–570

Madhyamakahṛdaya

Tillemans

294

Sthiramati

c.500–570

comms on Asaṅga and Vasubandhu

Gold

304

Samantabhadra

530–590

Āpta-mīmāṃsā

312

Candrakīrti

600?

Prasannapadā

Tillemans

321

Uddyotakara

540–600

Nyāya-vārttika

Chadha

337

Kumārila Bhaṭṭa

540–600

Śloka-vārttika

Taber & Kataoka; Kellner; Raghunathan

363

Dharmakīrti

550–610

Pramāṇa-vārttika

Kellner; Chadha; Taber & Kataoka; Gorisse

344; EAST

Prabhākara (“Guru”)

c.600

Bṛhatī

Raghunathan; Williams

373

Śāntideva

w.690–790

Bodhicaryāvatāra; Śikṣāsamuccaya

Goodman

368

Maṇḍana Miśra

c.700

Brahmasiddhi; Bhāvanāviveka; Sphoṭasiddhi

Williams

369

Siddhasena Mahāmati

710–770

Nyāyāvatāra

Gorisse

374

  • “Bṛhaspati”

  • (Purandara?)

w.700–800

Cārvāka-sūtra

Bhattacharya; Coseru

409B

Śaṅkara (-ācārya)

fl. 710

Brahma-sūtra-bhāṣya; comms on the Upaniṣads

Kapstein; Minkowski; Nicholson; Williams

379

Akalaṅka

c.720–780

Laghīyastraya

Gorisse

417A

Śāntarakṣita

725–788

Tattvasaṃgraha

Coseru; Kellner

404; EAST

Haribhadra Sūri

fl. 770

Ṣaḍdarśana-samuccaya

410

Uṃveka

730–790

Tātparyatīkā

377

Dharmottara

740–800

comms on Dharmakīrti

419; EAST

Kamalaśīla

740–795

Tattvasaṃgraha-pañjikā; Bhāvanākrama

Arnold; Tillemans; Coseru

418; EAST

The Age of Disquiet

Jayarāśi

c.800–840

Tattvopaplavasiṃha

Balcerowicz; Bhattacharya; Ganeri

353

Bhaṭṭa Udbhaṭa

c.850

comm. on Cārvāka-sūtra

Bhattacharya

420

Jayanta Bhaṭṭa

fl. 880–890

Nyāya-mañjarī

Raghunathan

455

Utpaladeva

c.925–975

Īśvarapratyabhijñākārikā-vivṛtti

Ratié

472

Bhāsarvajña

c.950

Nyāya-bhūṣaṇa

Ganeri

494

c.925–975

Mokṣopāyaśāstra

Chenet

[698]

Vācaspati Miśra

fl. 960

polymath

Chadha

530

Anuruddha

10th cent.?

Abhidhammatthasaṅgaha

632

Bhaṭṭa Rāmakaṇṭha

c.950–1000

comms on Sadyojyotiḥ

Chadha

525A

Śrīdhara

fl.990

Nyāyakaṇḍalī

Sinha

565

Jñānaśrīmitra

c.975–1025

Apohaprakaraṇa; Īśvaradūṣaṇa

588; EAST

Abhinavagupta

950–1020

Tantrāloka; Vivṛtivimarśinī

Ratié

582

Udayana (-ācārya)

c.1000

Kiraṇāvali; Ātmatattvaviveka

Ganeri; Sinha

560

Ratnakīrti

990–1050

Kṣaṇabhaṅgasiddhi; Santānāntaradūṣaṇa

611; EAST

Prabhācandra

980–1065

Prameyakamalamārtaṇḍa

Gorisse

599

Pārthasārathi Miśra

1050–1120

Nyāyaratnamālā; Śāstradīpikā

Clooney

614

Rāmānuja

w.1017–1137

Śrībhāṣya

637

Hemacandra

1088–1173

Pramāṇa-mīmāṃsā

Gorisse

637A

Vijñāneśvara

w.1100–1200

Mitākṣarā

Davis

Śrīharṣa

w.1100–1200

Khaṇḍaṇakhaṇḍakhādya

Ganeri

655

Vasiṣṭha

1200

Yogavāsiṣṭha

Chenet

698

Citsukha

1225–1284

Tattvapradīpikā

Williams; Ganeri

715A

Madhva (-ācārya)

1238–1317

[many]

Williams; Minkowski

751

Veṅkaṭanātha [“Vedānta Deśika”]

1269–1370

comms. on Rāmānuja, etc.

793

Philosophy From Gaṅgeśa

Gaṅgeśa (-upādhyāya)

c.1325

Tattvacintāmaṇi

Phillips; Ganeri

788

Vardhamāna

c.1350

comms. on Udayana

802

Mādhava Vidyāraṇya

1297–1388

Jaiminīyanyāyamālā; Jīvanmukiviveka

Clooney

809

Ceṇṇibhaṭṭa

c.1350

Sarvadarśanasaṃgraha

Kapstein; Aklujkar

809

Jayatīrtha

1343–1388

comms on Madhva; Pramāṇapaddhati

Williams

816

“Kapila”

w.1300–1500

Sāṃkhya-sūtra

Nicholson

822

Śaṃkara Miśra

1430

Bhedaratna; Vādavinoda

Williams

867

Vācaspati Miśra II

1440

Khaṇḍanoddhāra; Tattvāloka

870

Pragalbha

1470

comms on Śrīharṣa, Gaṅgeśa, etc.

901

Jayadeva/Pakṣadhara Miśra

1470

comms on Gaṅgeśa, etc.

908

Early Modernity: New Philosophy in India

Raghunātha Śiromaṇi

c.1460–1540

-dīdhiti comms; vādas

Williams

948

Vyāsatīrtha

1460–1539

Nyāyāmṛta

Williams

973

Rūpa Gosvāmin

1470–1550

[many]

969

Jīva Gosvāmin

1560

[many]

1011

Appayya Dīkṣita

1520–1593

[many]

Minkowski

1047

Madhusūdana Sarasvatī

w.1540–1640

Gūḍhārthadīpikā; Advaitasiddhi

Minkowski

1026

Kṛṣṇadāsa Sārvabhauma

c.1550

Bhāṣā-pariccheda

Williams

1027

Vijñānabhikṣu

c.1550–1600

Vijñānāmṛtabhāṣya; Sāṃkhyapravacanabhāṣya; Yogavārttika

Nicholson

1036

Bhaṭṭoji Dīkṣita

1590?

Śabdakaustubha

1069

Nīlakaṇṭḥa Caturdhara

c.1600–1650

Bhāratabhāvadīpa [on MBh.]

Minkowski

Rāmabhadra Sārvabhauma

fl.1610s

comms on Raghunātha, etc.

Williams

1113

Muḥibballāh Illāhābādī

1587–1648

al-Tawiya bayna al-ifāda wa'l-qabūl

Nair

PIPDI

Jagadīśa Tarkālaṃkāra

fl. 1600–1620

  • comms on Raghunātha, et al.

  • Sūkti

Sinha

1133

Mullā Maḥmūd al-Jawnpūrī

d.1652

al-Ḥikmat/Shams al-bāligha

Nair

PIPDI

Dārā Śikūh

1615–1659

Majmaʿ al-baḥrayn

Nair; Smith

Khwāja Khwurd

d.1663

Nair

Jayarāma Nyāyapañcānana

fl.1650s

Padārthamālā

Williams

1127

Gadādhara Bhaṭṭācārya

c.1604–1709

comms on Raghunātha, et al.; vādas

1237

Raghudeva Nyāyālaṃkāra

fl. 1650s

vādas; vicāras; Dravyasārasaṃgraha; comm. on Śrīharṣa; etc.

Williams

1228

Yaśovijaya Gaṇi

1624–1688

[many]

1263

Muḥibballāh al-Bihārī

d.1707

Sullam al-ʿulūm

PIPDI

Mahādeva Puṇatāmakara

fl. 1670–96

Nyāyakaustubha

1288

Ḥabīb Allāh Patnah-ī

d.1728

Nair

Kamāluddīn Sihālwī

d.1760

al-ʿUrwā al-wuṯqā

Abd Alī Baḥr al-Ulūm

d.1810

al-ʿUjāla al-nāfiʿ

Rāmamohana Raya

1772–1833

Tuḥfat al-muwaḥḥidīn

P-I

Freedom & Identity on the Eve of Independence

Hiralal Haldar

1865–1942

Neo-Hegelianism

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

1869–1948

Hind Svarāj

Bilgrami

Krishnachandra Bhattacharyya

1875–1949

The Subject as Freedom; Svarāj in Ideas

Ganeri

Ramachandra Dattatrya Ranade

1886–1957

A Constructive Survey of Upaniṣadic Philosophy

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar

1891–1956

The Buddha and His Dharma

Guru

Jawaharlal Nehru

1889–1964

The Discovery of India

Bilgrami

Anukulchandra Mukerji

1888–1968

The Nature of Self

Bhushan, Garfield

Mian Mohammed Sharif

1893–1965

In Search of Truth

Ghanshamdas Rattanmal Malkani

1892–1977

Philosophy of the Self

Ras Vihari Das

1897–1976

Philosophical Essays; Kanter Darśana

(*) This dating of Dharmakīrti, and thinkers whose dates depend on his, follows Piotr Balcerowicz, “On the Relative Chronology of Dharmakīrti and Samantabhadra,” Journal of Indian Philosophy 44 (3) (2016): 437–483 and Helmut Krasser, “Bhāviveka, Dharmakīrti and Kumārila,” in Devadattīyam, ed. François Voegeli et al., pp. 535–594 (Vienna: Peter Lang, 2012).

(p. xxi) (p. xxii) (p. xxiii) (p. xxiv) (p. xxv) (p. xxvi) (p. xxvii) (p. xxviii)