Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 17 January 2018

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter begins with a discussion of the reach of the expression “Indian Philosophy” and its various provisional equivalents in Sanskrit. It describes the relationship between philosophy and religion in India, observing that although philosophical discussion often occurs in the context of religious writing, this does not entail that the philosophy is itself religious. The structure of Indian philosophical texts is described, and difficulties in accurate historical reconstruction are noted. The use of the labels “āstika”/“orthodox” and “nāstika”/”heterodox” is shown to have its origins in Brahmanical attempts to foreground adherence to belief in a Vedic after-world. It is shown that the six so-called “schools” of Brahmanical Indian philosophy emerged in interdependence on one another, and reflect broad styles of doing philosophy. Philosophical divisions within Jainism and Buddhism are briefly documented.

Keywords: darśana, school of Indian philosophy, Nyāya, Vaiśeṣika, Sāṃkhya, Yoga, Mīmāṃsā, Vedānta, Jaina philosophy, Buddhist philosophy

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.