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date: 22 January 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The global history of philosophy bears out that materialism emerged in India, China, and Greece, presumably independently of one another. In India it is mainly associated with a school known either as Cārvāka or Lokāyata. This chapter traces the development of materialism in India from the earliest evidence in the Upaniṣads and Indian epics and mentions in Buddhist literature. The emergence and development of the core materialist treatise, the Cārvāka-sūtra, is discussed, and the most important commentators on it including Udbhaṭa. Finally there is an examination of the extent to which it is correct to describe Jayarāśi as a materialist.

Keywords: Cārvāka, lokāyata, Bṛhaspati, nāstika, materialism, Jayarāśi, Udbhaṭa

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