- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Boxes
- List of Contributors
- Innovation in the Making
- The Innovative Firm
- Networks of Innovators
- Innovation Processes
- Organizational Innovation
- Measuring Innovation
- The Systemic Nature of Innovation
- Systems of Innovation: Perspectives and Challenges
- Universities in National Innovation Systems
- Finance and Innovation
- Innovation and Intellectual Property Rights
- The Geography of Innovation: Regional Innovation Systems
- Globalization of Innovation: The Role of Multinational Enterprises
- How Innovation Differs
- Innovation through Time
- Sectoral Systems: How and Why Innovation Differs across Sectors
- Innovation In “Low-Tech” Industries
- Innovation in Services
- Innovation and Diffusion
- Innovation and Performance
- Innovation and Economic Growth
- Innovation and Catching-Up
- Innovation and Competitiveness
- Innovation and Employment
- Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy
Abstract and Keywords
The goal of this article is to assess the state of scholarly research on the role of networks in the innovation process. It begins with a review of the factors that have triggered the increased salience of networks. It then turns to a discussion of the analytical leverage provided by the tools of network analysis. It next reviews a number of empirical studies of the contribution of networks to the innovative output of firms. It takes up the issue of knowledge transfer, examining how the codification of knowledge can shape what is transmitted through networks. Furthermore, this article briefly discusses the governance of networks, and then concludes with an assessment of what types of organizations and settings derive the greatest impact on innovation from participation in networks.
Walter W. Powell, Professor of Education, Sociology, and Organizational Behavior at Stanford University.
Stine Grodal, Doctoral Candidate in Management Science and Engineering, Stanford University.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.