- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Boxes
- List of Contributors
- Innovation in the Making
- The Innovative Firm
- Networks of Innovators
- Innovation Processes
- Organizational Innovation
- Measuring Innovation
- The Systemic Nature of Innovation
- Systems of Innovation: Perspectives and Challenges
- Universities in National Innovation Systems
- Finance and Innovation
- Innovation and Intellectual Property Rights
- The Geography of Innovation: Regional Innovation Systems
- Globalization of Innovation: The Role of Multinational Enterprises
- How Innovation Differs
- Innovation through Time
- Sectoral Systems: How and Why Innovation Differs across Sectors
- Innovation In “Low-Tech” Industries
- Innovation in Services
- Innovation and Diffusion
- Innovation and Performance
- Innovation and Economic Growth
- Innovation and Catching-Up
- Innovation and Competitiveness
- Innovation and Employment
- Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy
Abstract and Keywords
This article is about what governments have done and could do to promote the production, diffusion, and use of scientific and technical knowledge in order to realize national objectives. This article begins with “story-telling” based on sketchy historical facts. The aim of the two stories is to illustrate that innovation policy covers a wide set of issues that have been on the agenda far back in history while still remaining important today. Furthermore, this article moves on to sketch the history of innovation policy, splitting it up into the three ideal types: science, technology, and innovation policy. It uses the documents from Organization for Economic and Co-operation Development and other sources to do so. Finally, it points to future challenges, and highlight research opportunities.
Bengt-Åke Lundvall, Professor, Department of Business Studies, Aalborg University.
Susana Borrás, Associate Professor, Department of Social Sciences, Roskilde University.
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