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date: 12 December 2018

(p. 763) Index

(p. 763) Index

abortion vii, xv, 2, 6, 10, 18, 38, 41, 74, 76, 112–17, 120–2, 124–9, 131–5, 137, 138, 153, 156, 157, 173, 237, 238, 243, 268, 415, 487, 491, 493, 496, 499, 504–7, 509, 512, 693, 701
adoption 36, 81, 117, 137, 151, 154, 468, 471, 474, 495, 719
adultery xv, 17, 19, 20, 41, 70, 241
affirmative action viii, xiii, 6, 7, 9, 226, 230, 231, 253, 264, 272–83, 285, 287–99, 415–17
gender-based 229, 273, 288–92, 367
race-based 248–50, 262
rationale for 37, 100, 104, 109, 119, 124, 131, 133, 213, 374, 392–4, 405, 408, 410, 444, 449, 462, 463, 469, 473, 488, 506, 511, 516, 517, 524, 528, 534, 536, 598, 629, 644, 650, 664, 693, 694, 725, 752
stigma 289, 290, 292, 297, 357, 370, 371, 603, 723
agape 43, 44, 49, 50, 52–4, 56, 58, 59, 62, 68, 69
aggression 28, 231, 236, 366, 367, 582, 721, 742, 752–7
AIDS 37, 130, 183, 184, 488
Allen, Anita L. viii, xi, 159, 268, 269, 355, 411, 457, 485–7, 489–92, 495, 501, 503, 504, 509, 511, 512, 601, 604, 668, 700
Almond, Brenda vii, xi, 70, 77, 82, 85
Altman, Andrew viii, xi, 358, 492, 504
Alzheimer's disease 174
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) 303, 320
Anderson, Elizabeth S. xv, 32, 33, 39, 311, 312 316–18, 324, 341, 353, 453–6, 504, 593, 597, 615
animal experimentation 163, 166, 168–71, 176, 179, 184–6
anthropology 70, 87, 430
Anti-Semite and Jew 270
Appiah, Anthony 254, 258, 259, 269
Aquinas, St Thomas 16, 39, 78, 85, 114, 678
Archard, David vii, xi, 36, 37, 39, 91, 102, 110
Arendt, Hannah 487, 504, 585, 588
Aristotle 43, 46, 50, 53, 57, 67, 68, 204, 256, 257, 269
friendship xii, 8, 28, 43, 46, 50–3, 56–63, 65, 67–9, 105, 180, 660
generosity 67, 453
pleasure 16, 19, 20, 23, 26, 30, 31, 37, 40, 43–6, 48–50, 52, 59, 82, 366, 395, 396, 441, 472, 530, 648, 660, 661
virtues xii, 3, 44, 45, 50, 60, 67, 68, 110, 174, 223, 252, 323, 324, 326, 376, 423, 437, 655, 723
Arneson, Richard 315–18, 324, 452–4, 456
Arthur, John viii, xi, 413, 417, 422, 486, 509, 597, 648, 667, 700, 732
artificial insemination 159, 243
Audi, Robert 378–80, 383
Augustine, St 16, 43, 78, 85, 678
autonomy ix, 7, 32, 37, 45, 68, 82, 86, 100, 102, 105–8, 110, 112, 125, 131, 137, 152, 153, 160, 199, 322, 334, 337, 364, 365, 376, 377, 402, 403, 405–8, 411, 412, 419, 420, 486, 488, 491, 493, 494, 496, 501, 504, 506–10, 524, 532–4, 581, 591, 592, 594–6, 598–601, 603, 604, 606, 608, 610–15, 625, 633, 648, 651, 656–8, 660, 674–7, 690, 691, 693–5, 697, 698, 719, 752, 755
drugs xiv, 28, 239, 397, 404, 411, 516, 527, 679, 696, 700
euthanasia ix, xii, 10, 114, 134, 153, 167, 409, 673, 674, 680, 682, 684–96, 699–704
moral rights 126, 173, 174, 195, 197, 198, 459, 511, 530, 659
utilitarianism 170, 357, 447, 450, 458, 468, 483, 617, 630, 647, 648, 655, 657, 661, 665
Badhwar, Neera K. vii, xii, 42, 52, 67, 68
Barry, Brian 214, 419, 431, 437, 456, 466, 482, 575, 588–90, 592, 601, 605, 606, 610, 615, 625, 629, 637, 642, 654
basic rights xv, 125, 257, 525, 529, 608, 642, 658, 659, 661, 663, 668, 756
Battin, Margaret P. ix, xii, xv, 326, 673, 684, 696, 700, 701
Beauchamp, Tom L. 172, 185, 186, 537, 538, 676, 700
Beauvoir, Simone de 75, 76, 79, 85, 227, 242, 764
(p. 764) Bedau, Adam Hugo ix, xii, 267, 270, 460, 482, 705, 708, 710, 723, 725, 727, 728, 730–3
Beitz, Charles 622, 630, 631, 634, 636, 637, 642, 654, 662, 667, 760
Bell Curve, The 262, 269, 270, 283, 284, 286, 298
benevolence 46, 67, 649–52, 657, 666
Benn, S. I. 486, 492, 504
Bentham, Jeremy 8, 84, 173, 196, 326, 654, 667, 706, 731
Berkeley, George 68, 69, 85, 159, 187, 297, 298, 301, 317, 326, 355, 616, 732
biocentrism 191, 215, 655
birth cohort 143, 460, 464
Blum, Lawrence A. 67, 68, 413, 431
Bok, Sissela 276, 297, 299, 487, 490, 505, 540, 563, 683, 689–93, 700, 701
Bosnia 607, 759
Brandt, Richard B. 733
Brown v. Board of Education 299
Buchanan, Allen 149, 159, 315, 325, 395, 411, 576, 588, 592, 601, 602, 604–7, 609, 610, 615, 694, 700
Buckley, William F. 371, 383
Callahan, Daniel 114, 134, 137, 159, 482, 683, 700
Callan, Eamon 106, 108, 110, 596, 615
Canada 321, 370, 382, 413, 420, 577, 578, 581, 589, 594, 609, 612–14, 616, 617, 619, 676
capital punishment ix, 6, 9, 10, 351, 678, 679, 705, 711, 715, 720, 730–3, 742
capitalism xvi, 192, 250, 362, 415, 433, 448, 457, 483, 537, 538, 623
Carens, Joseph 433, 456, 571, 572, 581, 588, 615, 618
Carter, Alan 378, 380, 383
censorship 39, 233, 243, 256, 364, 382, 588, 646, 715
Challenger 539, 540
character 15, 21, 45, 46, 50, 53, 56–9, 62–4, 69, 74, 91, 92, 97, 98, 105, 123, 190, 253, 255, 256, 276, 340, 34l, 376, 409, 427, 437, 438, 522, 523, 557, 575, 583, 594, 596, 615, 616, 623, 662, 683, 695, 697, 712, 722, 728, 745
differences in 74, 140, 250, 283, 316, 359, 397, 398, 459, 471, 476, 479, 620, 622–4, 628, 636, 666
social basis of 443, 603
charity 573, 625, 627, 628, 641, 646
childhood xi, 24, 26, 36, 66, 91–5, 98, 100, 109–11, 156, 195, 255, 256, 480, 579, 710
China 84, 756
Chomsky, Noam 362, 383
Christianity 158, 186, 189, 437, 678
Clinton, William Jefferson 16, 489
closed borders 573, 589
coercion 16, 27, 40, 106, 153, 234, 312, 347, 627, 640, 760
Cohen v. California 360, 383
colonialism 623, 628, 760
communitarianism xii, 334, 655, 656
compassion 67, 221, 267, 496, 505, 652
compensation 126, 202, 246, 264, 296, 317, 346, 348, 379, 440, 445, 451, 452, 454–6, 474, 637
affirmative action viii, xiii, 6, 7, 9, 226, 230, 231, 253, 264, 272–83, 285, 287–99, 415–17
property rights 198–200, 433, 435–7, 457, 483, 484, 506, 511, 572, 628
compensatory rights 311, 314, 315, 318
competition 124, 231, 255, 275, 276, 278, 281, 285, 289, 488, 514, 572, 662, 664, 665
complicity 549–57
considered judgements 5, 666
consistency:
abortion vii, xv, 2, 6, 10, 18, 38, 41, 74, 76, 112–17, 120–2, 124–9, 131–5, 137, 138, 153, 156, 157, 173, 237, 238, 243, 268, 415, 487, 491, 493, 496, 499, 504–7, 509, 512, 693, 701
euthanasia ix, xii, 10, 114, 134, 153, 167, 409, 673, 674, 680, 682, 684–96, 699–704
free movement 572, 574, 575, 587–90
contraception 18, 38, 75, 76, 129, 133, 237, 496
contractarianism 472, 482, 719
Copp, David 39, 606, 608, 609, 615, 616
corporate responsibility viii, 8, 514, 516, 517, 525–30, 532–7
corporations xvi, 8, 197, 249, 250, 254, 363, 499, 516–30, 532–6, 538, 635
cosmopolitanism 629, 632, 634, 654, 656
Cottingham, John 340, 354
(p. 765) counterfactual 467, 707
crime 27, 72, 82, 95, 235, 244, 331–3, 335, 337–45, 347–51 354–7, 366, 370, 488, 494, 506, 543, 705, 707, 709–11, 716, 720, 721, 723, 729, 731–3
causes of 36, 189, 366, 418, 624, 637, 643, 648, 656, 657, 696
and drugs xiv
Cruzan, Nancy 369, 494
Cullity, Garrett 648, 667
cultural identity 419–21, 427, 594
currency of justice 440–2, 446
Daniels, Norman 159, 309, 310, 325, 438, 444, 446, 457, 460, 476, 478–82, 701
date rape 27, 28, 41
Davis, Michael ix, xii, 147, 151, 159, 340, 342, 354, 385, 486, 506, 539, 709–11, 730, 731, 733
DeCew, Judith Wagner 11, 487, 490, 491, 506
Deigh, John 346, 354
Dennett, Daniel 6, 11, 336, 354, 519, 521, 536
dependency approach to equality 241–2
desert 340, 343, 344, 354, 357, 476, 681, 709–11, 723, 725, 729, 732
and punishment 334, 340–3, 348, 355, 357, 411, 732
development assistance 634, 651, 654
Dewey, John 284, 286, 297
Diamond, Jared 623, 642, 707, 731
difference feminists 226, 232, 233, 236, 240
difference principle 105, 438, 439, 441, 444, 446, 449, 450, 631, 635, 636
diversity feminists 226, 227, 230, 232, 233, 235, 238, 239, 241
divorce 17, 27, 72, 73, 76, 82, 85–7, 102, 239–41, 244, 424, 495, 561, 604, 615
dominance feminism 220, 226–7
Donagan, Alan 189, 754, 759
Donaldson, Thomas xvi, 527–9, 531, 536, 537
double effect 9, 114, 679, 680, 690, 699, 741, 745, 747, 760, 761
Dower, Nigel ix, xii, 643, 648, 654–6, 667
drugs xiv, 28, 239, 397, 404, 411, 516, 527, 679, 696, 700
and addiction 69
and crime 333
legalization of 676, 684–7, 689, 691, 695
right to use 57, 171, 448, 720, 721
dualism 18, 737, 738
Duff, R. A. viii, xiii, 331–9, 341, 342, 345–7, 349–54, 356, 357, 410, 411
Dworkin, Gerald 398, 411, 506, 512, 589, 689, 690, 701
Dworkin, Ronald xiv, xiv, 68, 159, 315, 319, 325, 383, 415, 444, 457, 461, 491, 506, 536, 625, 642, 701, 732, 761
ecology 191, 192, 194, 195, 203–5, 208, 209, 214, 215, 483, 574
economic justice viii, ix, 415, 430, 433, 434, 439–41, 455, 620, 622, 624, 627–30, 633, 634, 638
and equality 84, 297, 367, 381–3, 431, 452, 456, 457, 496, 590, 615, 642
and international relations ix, xv, 10, 565, 642, 667, 668
property rights 198–200, 433, 435–7, 457, 483, 484, 506, 511, 572, 628
veil of ignorance 319, 445, 467, 479, 718
egalitarianism 264, 439, 440, 451, 452, 468, 470, 471, 475–7, 571, 572
email 491, 497, 500, 502
empirical data 3, 6, 7, 10, 31, 404, 687
entitlement theory 435, 627, 628
environmental ethics xiv, 3, 188–95, 201, 203–15
and justice 105, 299, 354, 355, 357, 433, 450, 481, 482, 537, 641, 760
equality viii, xv, 10, 30, 73, 74, 78, 80, 84, 106, 192, 194–6, 215, 216, 220–2, 224, 241–3, 247, 258, 265, 272, 275, 276, 280, 282, 288–90, 292, 297, 309, 312, 322, 324–6, 366, 367, 370–2, 374, 378, 380–3, 385, 414, 415, 427, 430, 431, 435, 438, 442, 444–52, 454, 456–8, 475, 477, 478, 480, 483, 484, 496, 510–12, 573, 590, 607, 613, 615, 621, 622, 626, 631, 634, 636, 637, 642, 668
of all human beings 43, 648, 649
of animals 21, 161–7, 171–9, 182–7, 196, 197, 213, 657
of opportunity 97, 275, 276, 282, 288–92, 310, 312, 430, 452, 454, 456, 458, 631, 634
of resources 315, 318, 437, 442, 444–6, 452, 454, 456, 457, 476–9, 574, 576, 580, 583, 629, 634
utilitarianism 170, 357, 447, 450, 458, 468, 483, 484, 617, 630, 647, 648, 655, 657, 661, 665
eros 50, 61, 62, 65, 66, 68, 69
(p. 766) ethical theory 8, 9, 11, 191, 193, 355, 459, 508, 537, 538, 647, 652, 668, 691
eugenics 152, 153, 159, 326
euthanasia ix, xii, 10, 114, 134, 153, 167, 409, 673, 674, 680, 682, 684–96, 699–704
active 10, 25, 26, 98, 114, 141, 246, 249, 273, 274, 277, 423, 474, 533, 595, 600, 646, 647, 663, 673, 678, 680, 684, 685, 695, 697, 699
duty to die 683, 702
involuntary 125, 295, 298, 435, 477, 550, 551
passive 25, 26, 195, 223, 657, 675, 703
and religion viii, 224, 358, 359, 381, 382
slippery slope arguments 685, 692
voluntary 45, 78, 99, 102, 173, 199, 237, 278, 295, 347, 395–7, 409, 421, 426, 435, 451, 500, 518, 530, 549–51, 570, 578, 580, 628, 645, 646, 673, 675, 677, 678, 680, 684, 685, 688, 695, 696, 699, 701
Eze, Emmanuel 254, 269
fairness 84, 96, 105, 211, 257, 278, 280–3, 287, 289, 290, 295, 297, 431, 445, 455, 483, 484, 527, 532, 538, 557, 589, 618, 667
families vii, 8, 72, 75–7, 81, 83, 85, 91, 103–7, 109, 111, 227, 228, 239, 260, 290, 296, 302, 322, 424, 425, 467, 492, 494, 496, 526, 585, 621, 683, 684
economic justice viii, ix, 415, 430, 433, 434, 439–41, 455, 620, 622, 624, 627–30, 633, 634, 638
feminism xv, xvi, 29, 34, 39–41, 73, 75, 80, 86, 87, 222, 225, 243, 495, 496, 509, 594
favouritism 275, 277
Feinberg, Joel 213, 383, 411, 506, 731
Feinberg, Walter 272–99
feminism xv, xvi, 29, 34, 39–41, 73, 75, 80, 86, 87, 222, 225, 243, 495, 496, 509, 594
families vii, 8, 72, 75–7, 81, 83, 85, 91, 103–7, 109, 111, 227, 228, 239, 260, 290, 296, 302, 322, 424, 425, 467, 492, 494, 496, 526, 585, 621, 683, 684
pornography 16, 24, 29–31, 34, 37, 39, 41, 232–4, 237, 243, 360, 363, 365–9, 371, 385, 487, 512
sexual harassment xi, 24, 234, 235, 243, 274
speech codes 369, 416, 417
fetus xiv, 112–15, 117, 120–2, 124–8, 131, 137, 139, 141, 142, 145, 146, 153, 157, 173, 224, 238, 239, 499, 693
moral status of xiv, 8, 53, 91, 94, 109, 112, 113, 121, 124, 128, 131, 134, 137, 138, 144, 157, 163, 196, 344, 537, 563, 648, 649, 674, 697
potential of 119, 222, 239, 286, 303
right to life 10, 237, 257, 325, 653, 658, 716, 717, 721
Finnis, John 78, 86, 120, 134, 366, 383, 746, 759
Fish, Stanley 122, 209, 361, 362, 383, 430, 431, 593, 651
Fiss, Owen 365, 372, 383
food aid 644, 650, 651, 666
food chain 163
forgiveness 356, 710
Foucault, Michael 24–6, 35, 39, 40, 73, 351, 355
Frankfurt, Harry 45, 53, 56, 68, 446, 447, 449, 457
free market 433
free movement 572, 574, 575, 587–90
free speech 358–65, 367–9, 371 372, 376, 378, 381, 383–5, 414, 417, 424, 494
consistency 256, 364, 382, 588, 646, 715
free will 11
Freeman, Edward, R. viii, xiii, 514, 530, 531, 537
Freud, Sigmund 39, 102, 110, 598
Frey, R. G. vii, xiii, 161–3, l65, 175, 186, 196, 197, 213, 454, 457, 676, 689–93, 700, 701
Fried, Charles 101, 110, 486, 492, 507
friendship xii, 8, 28, 43, 46, 50–3, 56–63, 65, 67–9, 105, 180, 660
duties of 151, 423, 436, 578, 617, 625, 626, 628, 635, 646, 649, 652
Gauthier, David 436, 457, 471, 482, 483, 608, 616
Gellner, Ernest 593, 595, 596, 616
genetic engineering 139, 141–5, 151, 152, 156, 157, 162–5
gender inequality/sexual discrimination and:
education 220–7
family 239–41
reproduction 226
sexuality 231–6
Gert, Bernard 388, 411, 689, 701
Glazer, Nathan 414, 418, 431, 549, 563, 577, 589
Glover, Jonathan 6, 11, 115, 134, 676
Goldman, Alan 23, 339, 355, 400, 411, 422
good life 100, 180, 181, 294, 437, 479, 480, 512
Good Samaritan 548, 549
Goodin, Robert E. 213, 437, 458, 571, 573, 588–90, 593, 616, 629, 642
(p. 767) Goodpaster, Kenneth 190, 213, 516, 517, 537
Gosseries, Axel viii, xiii, 459, 467, 469, 472, 482
Gould, Stephen J. 41, 255, 262, 263, 269, 284, 298, 503
Goulet, Dennis 644, 668
Gutman, Amy 102, 107, 108, 110, 269, 414, 430, 432
Habermas, Jtigen 507
habit 255, 305
Hampton, Jean 341, 342, 346, 350, 355, 356, 581, 589
harassment xi, 16, 24, 234, 235, 243, 274, 280, 567
Hardin, Garrett 650, 651, 668
Hargrove, Eugene 189, 190, 198–200, 213
Harris, John vii, xiii, 112, 113, 115, 116, 129, 131, 134, 137, 159, 173, 186, 257, 269, 647, 668, 676, 702
Harsanyi, John 210–12, 214
Hart, H. L. A. 332, 333, 336, 337, 342, 355, 357, 383, 411, 705, 731
hate speech xi, 360, 363, 369–71, 385, 416, 426
Hayek, Friedrich xiv, 433, 437, 457
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich 78, 86, 104, 254, 339, 355, 427
historical injustice 294
Hobbes,Thomas 100, 101, 110, 527, 605, 625, 654
holism 207, 208
Holm, Seren vii, xiv, 112, 113, 134, 137, 159
holocaust 295
homosexuality 21, 24, 25, 36, 491
Honderich, Ted 340, 353, 355, 647, 668
honesty 15, 60, 67, 349, 557
human capital 228, 622, 624, 631
human dignity 481, 490, 491, 505, 723, 730
human life 18, 70, 118, 135, 164, 167, 172, 176–85, 202, 242, 374, 377, 427, 647, 678, 716, 721, 722
quality of 164, 165, 167, 170, 172, 174–80, 182–5, 230, 285, 304, 306–8, 325, 326, 476, 533, 668, 709
sanctity of 278, 722
value of 20, 22, 23, 44, 48, 49, 56, 62, 110, 117, 134, 135, 148, 162–4, 167, 173, 175, 177, 178, 180–6, 194, 231, 264, 304, 318, 322, 363, 373, 374, 380, 398, 402–4, 416, 430, 473, 487, 489, 491–3, 497, 503, 509, 574, 596, 598, 605, 626, 634, 653, 701, 716, 722, 749, 750
Hume, David 40, 104, 254, 594, 616
humility 221, 223, 231
Hurka, Thomas 442, 457
Hursthouse, Rosalind 174, 186
Husak, Douglas viii, xiv, 340, 355, 387, 402, 404, 411, 492, 508
immigration ix, 416, 420, 422, 567–78, 581, 585–90, 595, 627, 632, 650
impartiality 8, 84, 326, 654, 667, 731
family and friends 164, 181, 648
in vitro fertilization 136–8
incapacitation 335, 338, 706–9, 714, 723, 732
individual liberty 79, 435, 694, 719, 752
individual responsibility 437, 439, 458
individualism 288, 496, 603
inequality 29, 30, 59, 148, 225, 227, 249, 265, 283, 291, 297, 310, 316, 326, 367, 374, 381, 382, 433, 439, 446–8, 458, 496, 613, 620–4, 628, 630, 634, 636, 641, 642
infanticide 113, 117, 131, 135
infants 43, 45, 97, 165, 171, 172, 182, 183, 261
inherent value 47–9, 56, 194, 196, 197
insanity 678
integrity 15, 22, 24, 33, 51, 62, 125, 138, 150, 160, 205, 208, 215, 500, 568, 573, 585, 674, 681, 682, 691, 697
intentions 114, 251, 252, 293, 347, 518, 521, 522, 525, 554, 745, 761
intergenerational justice xiii, 459–62, 466, 467, 469, 471–3, 481, 484
international borders 605
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 632, 642, 726
International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights 632, 642
international trade 574, 639, 640
intimates 499, 682
intuitionism 4, 5, 11
invasion of privacy 486, 508
journalism 487, 488, 497, 498, 500
just war 734, 740, 750, 758, 760, 761
(p. 768) Kamm, Frances Myrna 5, 11, 538, 702
Kant, Immanuel 16, 17, 19, 21, 22, 30, 32, 40, 45, 47, 62, 78, 86, 168, 254, 586, 589, 612, 616, 651, 657, 677
equality of persons 272, 622
personal relations 84, 398–402, 406, 547, 561
Kass, Leon 149, 159, 307, 325, 681, 691, 701, 702
Kevorkian, Jack 408, 687
Keynes, Alfred 281, 298
killing 114–17, 120–2, 124, 127, 134, 182, 186, 209, 213, 576, 632, 674, 678–83, 687, 689, 690, 693, 695, 697, 702, 703, 715, 722, 730, 731, 734–6, 743. 744, 746, 750, 755, 760
infanticide 113, 117, 131, 135
wrongness of 27, 121, 122, 131, 132, 465, 674, 678, 681, 734
kindness 58, 67, 221
King, Martin Luther, Jr. 110, 199, 374, 384, 506, 718, 731
Kittay, Eva Feder 241–3, 322, 326
Kleinig, John 395, 412
Kukathas, Chandran ix, xiv, 567, 579, 589
Kymlicka, Will xiv, 295, 298, 418–20, 423–5, 428, 435, 457, 578, 579, 589, 592–4, 596, 599, 600, 602, 603, 607, 612, 613, 615, 617, 619
labour 33, 34, 199, 200, 227, 236, 237, 243, 250, 275, 279, 296, 302, 310, 326, 391, 416, 419, 429, 514, 526, 623, 624, 628, 633–5, 638–40
forced 26, 29, 57, 134, 183, 184, 201, 237, 239, 295, 296, 302, 308, 352, 373, 391, 394, 410, 435, 477, 559, 570, 580, 581, 583, 610, 640, 682, 687, 691, 723, 753
labour market 310, 624, 635
LaFollette, Hugh i, v, 11, 57, 60, 67, 68, 83, 84, 86, 110, 164, 186, 411, 456, 482, 589, 643, 667–9
land ethic 213
Lawrence, Charles 324, 369, 383–5, 431, 432
laziness 683
legal rights 165, 187, 197, 240, 241, 487, 491, 522, 596
Leopold, Aldo 191, 198, 214, 722, 732
Levy, Jacob 42, 592, 602–4, 617
Lewis, C. S. 43, 45, 59, 60, 65, 68, 256, 338, 355, 732
libel 509
liberal feminism 222
liberalism xii, xiv, 40, 81, 103, 110, 111, 384–6, 424, 426, 432, 456–8, 483, 493, 494, 501, 505, 595, 598, 599, 605, 617, 656, 661, 686, 761
libertarianism 434, 435, 437, 438, 456, 457, 483, 571, 572, 652, 668
Locke, John 78, 86, 98, 101, 102, 110, 115–17, 199, 200, 376, 384, 471, 716
Lockean proviso 435
love vii, 8, 17–19, 23, 33, 39–69, 82, 85–7, 103, 105, 148, 149, 156, 157, 180, 232, 233, 493, 505, 668, 717
and morality 68, 86, 134, 355 536, 563, 588, 616, 630, 642, 643, 667, 703, 739, 759
and sex 39, 41, 82, 86, 281, 282, 505
loyalty 64, 268, 421, 428, 544, 545, 551–3, 557, 559–61, 563, 602
luck 289, 316, 317, 445, 451–3, 455, 554
lying 19, 142, 198, 655
Madntyre, Alasdair 203, 214, 322, 323, 326
MacKinnon, Catherine 29–31, 40, 143, 159, 231, 233–5, 238, 243, 367, 368, 494, 496, 509
McMahan, Jeff 134, 146, 159, 210, 516, 593, 615, 617
McNaughton, David 4, 11
Malcolm X 267, 270
managed care 499, 704
Marcuse, Herbert 362, 384
marginal cases 163, 164, 172, 182–4, 186
Marquis, Don 116, 122, 135
Marx, Karl xvi, 104, 281, 298, 373, 374, 384, 440, 457, 505, 623, 707, 732
masturbation 21, 22
Matsuda, Mari 364, 384
meaning of life 698
medical care 308, 419, 630, 677, 703
medicine xii, xv, xvi, 4, 70, 73, 76, 149, 160, 163, 165, 185, 186, 226, 294, 297, 309, 487, 488, 497, 515, 674, 675, 679–81, 687, 688, 697, 699–704, 759 (p. 769)
and abortion xv, 18, 41, 112, 237, 487, 496, 505
wrongness of killing 121, 122, 674, 678, 681, 734
merit 105, 230, 275, 276, 280, 288, 290–2, 316, 343, 377, 583, 631, 649, 690, 724
metaphors 666
meta-ethics 2, 9
Mill, John Stuart 79, 84, 86, 103, 107, 111, 221, 243, 363, 384, 394, 407, 411, 412, 491, 509, 514, 592–4, 601, 612, 617, 677, 732
Miller, David 455, 457, 509, 575, 576, 589, 593, 596, 598, 601, 602, 607, 615, 617, 622, 626, 642, 702, 732, 760
minimalism 525, 534, 536
monogamy 19, 20, 40
Moore, G. E. 298, 341, 342, 356, 491, 492, 509, 592, 593, 596–8, 603, 606, 609, 615–18
moral agency 116, 492, 517–20, 522, 524, 530, 535, 536
moral community 168–70, 173, 174, 176–8, 180, 183, 191, 196, 436, 457, 653, 654, 666
moral deliberation 5, 521
moral education 103, 104, 346, 355, 356, 493, 505
moral imagination xvi, 9
moral status vii, xiv, 7, 8, 10, 53, 89, 91, 93–5, 98, 109, 112, 113, 115, 120, 121, 124, 127, 128, 131, 134, 135, 137–9, 144, 157, 163, 185, 187, 196, 344, 520, 537, 563, 648, 649, 674, 697
of animals 21, 161–7, 171–9, 182–7, 196, 197, 213, 657
of the fetus xiv, 112, 113, 115, 121, 122, 124, 126–8, 137, 145, 157, 238, 499
of groups 8, 247, 248, 261, 265, 301, 419, 420, 422, 423, 524, 579, 599, 604, 607
Morris, Herbert 338–41, 346, 349, 350, 356, 410–12
motherhood 159, 237, 240
multiculturalism xiv, 110, 265, 384, 413–18, 420–3, 429–32, 577–9, 581, 589, 594, 617, 619, 642
Murphy, Jeffrey G. 332, 333, 338, 340–2, 350–2, 356, 626, 642
Naess, Arne 191, 194, 195, 214
Nagel, Thomas 21, 22, 40, 333, 356, 359, 384, 430, 432, 436, 443, 455, 457, 701
Narveson, Jan 436, 457, 472, 483, 652, 668
nationalist movements 599, 604, 626, 628
Native Americans 256, 260, 268, 295, 414, 417, 420
natural law 16, 18, 37, 78, 86, 365, 366, 383
negative rights 313–15, 526, 653
Nicholson, Linda 74, 86, 87, 219, 244
Nielsen, Kai 592, 607, 616, 618
Norman, Wayne ix, xiv, 159, 309, 325, 421, 456, 457, 536, 537, 545, 563, 569, 589, 591, 592, 594, 596, 606, 609, 610, 612–15, 617–19, 745, 758, 760
Nozick, Robert xvi, 64, 65, 69, 101, 105, 111, 198, 199, 296, 298, 433, 435, 436, 454, 457, 458, 572, 589, 627, 642, 652, 668, 701
nuclear power 188, 189, 193
Nussbaum, Martha 7, 11, 31, 32, 40, 59, 68, 69, 326, 378, 379, 384, 421, 432, 446, 457, 655, 660, 668
obedience 255, 256, 339
objectivity 40, 429, 430
obscenity 30, 31
Okin, Susan Moller 74, 86, 109, 111, 384, 414, 432, 494, 510
open borders 571–3, 575, 587
oppression 24, 26, 27, 80, 98, 191, 224, 240, 257, 312, 363, 364, 367, 369, 381, 414, 417–19, 455, 456, 496, 603, 608
OXFAM 631, 644
pacifism 734, 741, 744
parents 5, 48, 51, 56, 71, 72, 75, 77, 82–7, 91, 98–110, 130, 142, 146–51, 155–8, 171, 172, 238, 249, 256, 260, 268, 304, 305, 377, 438, 459, 462, 465, 482, 493, 502, 579
Parfit, Derek 446, 447, 457, 463, 465, 472, 474, 477, 478, 482, 483
passive euthanasia 703
Passmore, John 189–91, 215
paternalism viii, 95, 97, 110, 152, 387–412, 533
patriarchy 496
paedophilia 22, 39
people with disabilities viii, 300–5, 307, 310, 313, 315, 316, 320, 326, 445, 675, 683
personhood 27, 62, 63, 75, 115–20, 122, 123, 127, 128, 133, 135, 165, 377, 379, 491, 492, 518, 520, 521, 524, 538
Pettit, Philip xiv, 331, 336, 337, 342, 354, 356, 571, 589, 593, 616, 703
physicians 189, 228, 285, 294, 302, 409, 488, 499, 674, 675, 681–5, 688, 689, 695, 696, 703
Pineau, Lois 27, 28, 41
Plato 65, 69, 78, 102, 113, 134, 225, 226, 257, 355
pleasure 16, 19, 20, 23, 26, 30, 31, 37, 40, 43–6, 48–50, 52, 59, 82, 366, 395, 396, 441, 472, 530, 648, 660, 661
Pogge, Thomas W. 622, 630, 631, 637, 641, 642, 654, 662, 668
(p. 770) Pojman, Louis 213, 215, 709, 711, 713–17, 732, 733
political authority 101, 496, 569, 581, 606
politics of difference 87, 327, 418, 427, 428, 432, 458
population growth 629
pornography 16, 24, 29–31, 34, 37, 39, 41, 232–4, 237, 243, 360, 363, 365–9, 371, 385, 487, 512
postmodern feminism 224–5
positive rights 314, 436
potentiality argument 119, 120, 123, 183
primary goods 443–6, 450, 451, 456, 458, 636
Primoratz, Igor 23, 41, 82, 86, 336, 337, 344, 353, 356, 715–17, 732
privacy viii, xi, 20, 38, 84, 102, 103, 456, 485–513, 719, 728
property rights 198–200, 433, 435–7, 457, 483, 484, 506, 511, 572, 628
proportionality 124, 273, 349–51, 353, 710, 743–5, 747–53
prostitution xv, 17, 18, 23, 29, 32–4, 41, 72, 233, 234, 243, 640
prudence 470, 481, 525, 760
punishment vii, ix, xiii, xiv, 6, 8–10, 27, 91, 255, 266, 267, 331–57, 405, 406, 410–12, 583, 678, 679, 705–7, 709–26, 728–33, 742, 752, 754, 760
abolition 78, 168, 351, 352, 354, 706, 708, 724, 726–30, 733, 741, 760
and desert 711
deterrence theory 345, 730–2
equal treatment 104, 202, 232, 258, 383, 634
excuses 38, 252, 256, 356, 735
proportionality principle 124, 273, 349–51, 353, 710, 743–5, 747–53
retribution theory 357
utilitarianism 170, 357, 447, 450, 458, 468, 483, 484, 617, 630, 647, 648, 655, 657, 661, 665
Purdy, Laura 40, 86, 97, 98, 111, 137, 159, 326
quality of life 164, 165, 167, 170, 172, 174–80, 182–5, 304, 307, 308, 325, 326, 668
Quill, Timothy 687–9, 695, 702, 703
Quine, W. V. 11
race:
and DNA 491
and IQ 262
mixed xvii, 270
Rachels, James 115, 119, 172, 187, 232, 362, 363, 367, 369, 381, 382, 416, 492, 494, 500, 510, 680, 703
racial discrimination viii, 245, 253, 264, 277, 475, 731
affirmative action viii, xiii, 6, 7, 9, 226, 230, 231, 253, 264, 272–83, 285, 287–99, 415–17
civil-rights movement 248
criminal punishment 331, 348, 405, 410
racial stereotypes 266
racism xvii, 34, 176, 196, 199, 245–57, 263–70, 283, 293, 370, 382, 414–16, 427, 593, 724
classic 32, 79, 84, 112, 186, 189, 195, 248, 301, 442, 486, 612, 709, 737
concept of 49, 57, 70, 74, 75, 77, 78, 83, 92, 193, 197, 206, 223, 242, 245–8, 250, 253, 257, 333, 355, 402, 412, 417, 461–4, 490, 494, 495, 507, 510, 512, 539, 596, 601, 677, 679, 710, 723
construction of 29, 224, 589, 695
definitions of 207, 208, 248, 250, 252, 253, 374, 485, 489–91, 501, 503
environmental xii–xvi, 3, 140, 141, 148, 149, 155, 188–99, 201–15, 253, 254, 263, 270, 284, 372, 464, 471, 473, 481, 482, 519, 521, 536, 538, 582, 651, 659, 664, 735
forms of 4, 21, 24–6, 29, 42, 46, 50, 56, 59, 62, 66, 94, 105, 113, 223, 232, 247, 252, 265, 283, 303, 334, 336, 359, 360, 362–5, 368, 369, 375, 379, 382, 416, 419, 421, 423, 427, 430, 433, 434, 437, 445, 447, 449, 472, 488, 490, 491, 493, 494, 497, 540, 593, 598, 601, 603, 610, 614, 637, 648, 651, 655, 663, 680, 689, 696, 721, 729
institutional 6, 153, 167, 202, 249–55, 257, 267, 291, 293, 294, 303, 310, 358, 363, 373, 418, 430, 519, 533, 592, 606, 608, 609, 611, 612, 614, 631, 632, 637, 640, 643, 645, 646, 655, 659, 665, 684, 697, 698, 707, 761
and justice 105, 299, 354, 355, 357, 433, 450, 481, 482, 537, 641, 760
mens rea 248–55, 257, 264
unacknowledged 255, 256
radical feminism 222–4
rape 16, 27–31, 34, 35, 39–41, 125, 235, 236, 238, 243, 244, 351, 368, 717
date rape 27, 28, 41
feminism xv, xvi, 29, 34, 39–41, 73, 75, 80, 86, 87, 222, 225, 243, 495, 496, 509, 594
and pornography 31, 371
Raz, Joseph 364, 378, 385, 402, 412, 424, 426, 429, 432, 593, 600, 617
(p. 771) recidivism 707, 708, 714
reciprocity 32, 47, 173, 180, 196, 242, 327, 354, 465–8, 470–2, 474, 482, 630, 633
reflective equilibrium 5, 482
Regan, Tom 166, 170, 173, 184, 187, 190, 192, 196, 197, 213, 215, 325, 511, 537
Reliman, Jeffrey 492, 510, 709, 724, 732, 733
religious beliefs:
euthanasia ix, xii, 10, 114, 134, 153, 167, 409, 673, 674, 68o, 682, 684–96, 699–704
homosexuality 21, 24, 25, 36, 491
value of lives 177, 182, 186
reparations 296, 298, 628, 638, 742
repentance 347, 348
reproduction xvi, 21, 22, 27, 76, 80, 85, 86, 102, 124, 133, 134, 137, 139, 142, 149, 150, 152, 158–60, 222, 223, 225, 236, 238, 487, 493
right to life 10, 237, 257, 325, 653, 658, 716, 717, 721
Roe v. Wade 238, 243, 487, 509, 513
Rolston, Holmes 190, 193, 202, 203, 208, 215, 664, 668
Rorty, Richard 68, 69, 74, 414, 432, 520, 538
Ross, W. D. 4, ii, 642, 675, 702
Rousseau 41, 92, 94, 111, 225, 226, 427, 593, 597, 612, 618
Russell, Bertrand 18, 19, 41, 167, 187, 642, 761
sameness feminists 226, 230, 232, 233, 235, 236, 238, 240
Sandel, Michael 111, 377, 385, 421, 422, 425, 426, 432, 493, 494, 511, 656, 668
Sartre, Jean Paul 79, 255, 256, 267, 270
Satz, Debra ix, xiv, 620
Savage Inequalities 263, 270
Scanlon, T. M. 359, 432, 440, 442, 458, 511, 642, 701
scepticism 97, 653
Schauer, Frederick 360, 363, 385
Scheffler, Samuel 621, 642
Schmidtz, David 437, 438, 458
Schoeman, Ferdinand 84, 87, 486, 487, 489, 493, 502, 511
secession xiv, 592, 594, 595, 604–19
self-awareness 57, 58, 607
self-defence 257, 721, 757, 758
self-development 221, 418
self-esteem 29, 48, 224, 267, 418, 420
self-interest 68, 436, 544, 558, 719
Sellars, Wilfred 6, 11, 355
Sen, Amartya 138, 315, 326, 427–9, 432, 440, 445, 446, 458, 469, 483, 642–4, 660, 667, 668
sentience 126, 127, 190, 191
sexuality vii, 15, 17, 18, 21, 23–30, 32–6, 38–40, 67, 70, 82, 225, 231, 232, 234, 236, 244, 269–71, 366, 493, 505
conceptual analysis of 489
marital commitment 22
morality of xv, 25, 38, 159, 170, 269, 275, 325, 409, 410, 412, 436, 472, 493, 563, 571, 592, 604, 605, 615, 617, 618, 625, 634, 654, 700, 731, 732, 739, 743, 745, 747, 749, 753
value of 20, 22, 23, 44, 48, 49, 56, 62, 110, 117, 134, 135, 148, 162–4, 167, 173, 175, 177, 178, 180–6, 194, 231, 264, 304, 318, 322, 363, 373, 374, 38o, 398, 402–4, 416, 430, 473, 487, 489, 491–3, 497, 503, 509, 574, 596, 598, 605, 626, 634, 653, 701, 716, 722, 749, 750
shareholders 517, 522, 525, 526, 528, 530–2, 534
Sher, George 341, 357, 410, 412, 496, 511
Shrader-Frechette, Kristin vii, 188, 189, 191, 198, 200, 202–5, 207, 208, 215
Shrage, Laurie vii, 15, 34, 41
Shue, Henry ix, xv, 631, 632, 642, 653, 658, 668, 734, 740, 754, 761
Silvers, Anita 300, 305, 307, 311–15, 317, 321, 324–7, 696, 700, 701
Singer, Peter 38, 42, 43, 45, 53, 55, 69, 115, 135, 161, 165, 173, 186–7, 190, 196, 203, 213, 215, 546, 563, 624, 630, 637, 642, 645–7, 649, 651, 655–7, 669, 676, 702, 703
slavery 7, 24, 35, 247, 250, 255, 260, 269, 294–6, 408, 411, 435, 628
slippery slope arguments 685, 692
abortion vii, xv, 2, 6, 10, 18, 38, 41, 74, 76, 112–17, 120–2, 124–9, 131–5, 137, 138, 153, 156, 157, 173, 237, 238, 243, 268, 415, 487, 491, 493, 496, 499, 504–7, 509, 512, 693, 701
euthanasia ix, xii, 10, 114, 134, 153, 167, 409, 673, 674, 680, 682, 684–96, 699–704
free speech 358–65, 367–9, 371, 372, 376, 378, 381, 383–5, 414, 417, 424, 494
Smith, Adam ix, xii, xvi, 199, 326, 525, 533, 538, 623, 730–3, 761
smoking 153, 378, 497
Soble, Alan 23, 41, 65–9
social contract 78, 503, 528, 529
social roles 78
social solidarity 416, 420, 422, 428, 575
socialism 364, 374, 413, 457, 595
speciesism 118, 176
speech codes 369, 416, 417
Spinner-Havel, Jeffrey 422, 423, 432
stakeholder theory 530–2, 534, 535–8
Steele, Shelby 275, 299
Stocker, Michael 69, 520, 538
Sunstein, Cass 360, 365, 367, 369, 372, 385, 512, 610, 619
Supreme Court 17, 108, 115, 233, 238, 267, 268, 295, 301, 303, 307, 320, 321, 360, 369–71, 377, 378, 381, 394, 424, 486, 487, 495, 504, 609, 611, 619, 684, 689, 693, 699, 703, 725, 726, 733
Tamir, Yael 382, 385, 592, 593, 597, 600, 602, 607, 619
taxation 76, 435, 436, 448, 575, 652
tenBroek, Jacobus 300–4, 306, 312, 320, 323, 326
Thomson, Judith Jarvis 124, 135, 486, 512, 701, 717, 733
Tong, Rosemarie viii, xv, 219, 236, 243, 244
Tonry, Michael 349, 350, 356, 357
Tuana, Nancy vii, xvi, 15, 39
Unger, Peter 203, 215, 642
United Nations 98, 569, 581, 588, 622, 627, 641, 642, 752, 756, 757, 759, 761
utilitarianism 170, 357, 447, 450, 458, 468, 483, 484, 617, 630, 647, 648, 655, 657, 661, 665
Vallentyne, Peter 463, 472, 483
van Parijs, Philippe 448, 449, 458, 460, 473, 481, 483, 612, 619
vegetarianism 162
Velleman, David J. 47, 48, 62, 69
violence xv, 24, 26, 27, 34, 35, 40, 134, 160, 232, 235, 248, 255, 360, 367, 369, 381, 382, 419, 494–6, 511, 583, 597, 609, 647, 668, 708, 730, 738
virtue ethics 212, 655
virtues xii, 3, 44, 45, 50, 60, 67, 68, 110, 174, 223, 252, 323, 324, 326, 376, 423, 437, 656, 723
Vlastos, Gregory 43, 50, 51, 69, 716, 733
von Hirsch, Andrew 335, 336, 338–41, 343–5, 347–51 353, 357, 710, 733
Wachbroit, Robert vii, xvi, 136, 137, 140, 151, 153, 160
Waldron, Jeremy 351, 357, 392, 412, 424, 425, 432, 460, 484, 668
Walzer, Michael 455, 457, 458, 527, 529, 538, 585, 590, 626, 642, 737–9, 741, 743–5, 747, 754, 755, 760, 761
Warren, Mary Anne 115, 173, 196, 197, 215
Wasserman, David vii, xv, xvi, 136, 137, 146, 151, 153, 160, 315, 316, 326
Wasserstrom, Richard 19, 41, 486, 512
Wenz, Peter 193, 201, 202, 215, 254, 270
Werhane, Patricia viii, xvi, 514, 517, 520, 521, 525–7, 530, 534, 536–8
whistleblowing ix, 8, 539–63
Williams, Bernard 264, 411, 458, 689, 701, 731
Williams, Patricia 68, 86, 250, 325, 487, 505, 509, 512
wishful thinking 55, 184
Wolff, Jonathan viii, xvi, 319, 327, 384, 433, 435, 437, 447, 451, 453, 458
Wollstonecraft, Mary 79, 87, 221, 225, 226, 244
Wolterstorff, Nicholas 380, 386
working class 290, 419
World Bank 201, 626, 634, 641, 642
World Health Organization (WHO) 188, 515, 516
World Wide Web 488, 490, 498
World Trade Organization (WTO) 212
Young, Iris Marion 70–2, 74, 81, 87, 239, 244, 294, 302, 311, 312, 315, 327, 418, 419, 432, 455, 458
Zack, Naomi viii, xvii, 245, 247, 256, 258–62, 268–71