- The Oxford Handbook of Practical Ethics
- Notes On The Contributors
- Reproductive Technology
- Environmental Ethics
- Gender and Sexual Discrimination
- Race and Racial Discrimination
- Affirmative Action
- People with Disabilities
- Freedom of Speech and Religion
- Legal Paternalism
- Economic Justice
- Intergenerational Justice
- Corporate Responsibility
- National Autonomy
- International Economic Justice
- World Hunger
- Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide
- Capital Punishment
Abstract and Keywords
Environmental ethics, as a field of philosophical study, began in the 1970s and 1980s, in part as a result of the environmental movement and largely in Anglo-American work. Its roots trace to the monumental technological discoveries of the twentieth century, such as nuclear power and chemical pesticides; their overuse or misuse; and recognition of the environmental degradation these technologies have caused. Two paradigm examples of how the misuse of technology has caused massive environmental damage and consequently raised new ethical questions are DDT and nuclear power. From the point of view of the relative importance of human interests, the new field of environmental ethics can be divided roughly into anthropocentric, non-anthropocentric, and mixed approaches.
Kristin Shrader-Frechette , O'Neill Professor of Philosophy and Concurrent Professor of Biological Sciences at the University of Notre Dame, specializes in normative ethics and philosophy of science. Current President of the International Society for Environmental Ethics, she is Past President of the Risk Assessment and Policy Association and of the Society for Philosophy and Technology. She has authored fourteen books and approximately 300 articles. Her latest book is Environmental Justice: Creating Equality, Reclaiming Democracy (2002). Her articles have appeared in journals such as Philosophy of Science, Synthese, Biology and Philosophy', Journal of Philosophy, and Ethics, as well as numerous scientific journals, including Science. Web site: www.nd.edu/∼kshrader.
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